ADJECTIVE and ADVERB COMPARISON
There are THREE degress of comparison when using adjectives or adverbs:
1. POSTIVE COMPARISON
2. COMPARATIVE COMPARISON
3. SUPERLATIVE COMPARISON
POSTIVE COMPARISON: No comparison is happening.
COMPARATIVE COMPARSION: Two things, people, or actions are being compared. You are essentially comparing ONE thing to another ONE thing. If you use comparative comparison, you will either add an ER to the word or you will use the word MORE before the adjective.
SUPERLATIVE COMPARISON: You are comparing ONE thing to MANY things. For example, you are comparing ONE car to MANY Cars.
POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
adj/adv adj/adv + er adj/adv + est
or use MORE or use MOST
weak weak(er) weak(est)
nice nice (r) nice (st)
friendly more friendly most friendly
beautiful more beautiful most beautiful
When do I add ER/EST or use MORE/MOST?
If the adjective/adverb is one syllable, use ER/EST: FIERCE is one syllable;
therefore add ER/EST--FIERCER or FIERCEST.
If the adjective/adverb is two or more syllables long, use the words MORE/MOST in front of that adjective or adverb: BEAUSTIFUL is three syllables long;
therefore add MORE/MOST--MORE BEAUTIFUL or MOST BEAUTIFUL
In this state of comparson, the adjective's/adverb's spelling is changed.
Positive Comparative Superlative
good/well better best
little less least
Bad worse worst
If a word ends in LY, even if it is only one syllable, USE MORE/MOST. For instance, UGLY become
MORE UGLY and MOST UGLY
Always strive to compare like things to like things. For instance you wouldn't want to compare people to cars, an animal to a cookie, or a book to a river.
"In teaching others we teach ourselves" - Proverb