9/24/12 World History Chapter 3 Notes

Chapter 3 –World History

Lesson 1- Hunter-Gatherers

  1. Paleolithic Age- also known as the Old Stone Age (early period of Human History)
    1. Began about 2.5 million years ago
    2. Lasted to about 8000 BC
  2. Paleolithic people-           
    1. NOMADS-
      1. survived by hunting and gathering food
      2. traveled from place to place in groups
    2. people discovered how to make FIRE & this made it less difficult to live
    3. they developed better tools (scraping tools, harpoons, Spears, Bows and arrows)
    4. developed spoken language which made it easier to communicate
  3. ICE AGE-
    1. The most recent began 100,000 B.C.
    2. They arrived in North American when Levels of water went down revealing a land bridge that connected Asia and North America
    3. Humans survived by adapting to their surroundings
      1. Changed their diet
      2. Built sturdier shelters
      3. Used animal skins to make warmer clothing

Lesson 2- Agricultural Revolution

  1. Neolithic Age-
    1. Began 8000 B.C.- 4000 B.C.
    2. Farming replaced hunting
    3. Started settling in river valleys and farming known as the Agricultural Revolution
      1. Systematic Agriculture-organized growing of food on a regular schedule enabled people to produce a constant food supply.
    4. Increased supply of food made it possible for people to settle in villages
    5. People were able to take up jobs other than farming
    6. One negative of this Age was deforestation (desert like conditions in Jordan)
    7. Towards the end of the Neolithic Age- people discovered that mixing copper and tin formed bronze (stronger than copper alone)
  2. Bronze Age
    1. Between 3000-1200 BC –the use of bronze spread
    2. Four great river valley civilizations emerged.
      1. Mesopotamia
      2. Egypt
      3. India
      4. China
    3. Each of these early civilizations developed cities and formed governments
      1. The first governments were Monarchies
    4. Religion began to play a more important role in society.  Shrines in Catalhuyuk made it evident that religion was becoming important to people’s lives
    5. Societies were divided into social classes. 
    6. Writing systems were invented and art grew more complex.