Chapter 3 –World History
Lesson 1- Hunter-Gatherers
Paleolithic Age- also known as the Old Stone Age (early period of Human History)
- Began about 2.5 million years ago
- Lasted to about 8000 BC
- survived by hunting and gathering food
- traveled from place to place in groups
- people discovered how to make FIRE & this made it less difficult to live
- they developed better tools (scraping tools, harpoons, Spears, Bows and arrows)
- developed spoken language which made it easier to communicate
- The most recent began 100,000 B.C.
- They arrived in North American when Levels of water went down revealing a land bridge that connected Asia and North America
Humans survived by adapting to their surroundings
- Changed their diet
- Built sturdier shelters
- Used animal skins to make warmer clothing
Lesson 2- Agricultural Revolution
- Began 8000 B.C.- 4000 B.C.
- Farming replaced hunting
Started settling in river valleys and farming known as the Agricultural Revolution
- Systematic Agriculture-organized growing of food on a regular schedule enabled people to produce a constant food supply.
- Increased supply of food made it possible for people to settle in villages
- People were able to take up jobs other than farming
- One negative of this Age was deforestation (desert like conditions in Jordan)
- Towards the end of the Neolithic Age- people discovered that mixing copper and tin formed bronze (stronger than copper alone)
- Between 3000-1200 BC –the use of bronze spread
Four great river valley civilizations emerged.
Each of these early civilizations developed cities and formed governments
- The first governments were Monarchies
- Religion began to play a more important role in society. Shrines in Catalhuyuk made it evident that religion was becoming important to people’s lives
- Societies were divided into social classes.
- Writing systems were invented and art grew more complex.