Gemstones are minerals or stones found in nature that need to be cut and polished for use as jewelry. Polishing stones for jewelry is an expertise as well as a skill. The polished stones glance beautiful, strong and are utilized to make jewelry. The rocks are cut to give it the shape and the glitter using either machines or by hand. Women love to buy natural stones whatever it is natural blue star sapphire or natural pink tourmaline.
A summary of the techniques used for cutting and polishing natural London blue topaz
and other gems:
With the above techniques, natural gemstones for sale are given the following forms:
- Faceted stones
- Beads and spheres
- Cameos and intaglios
The process of cutting gemstones
The cutting of precious natural rainbow moonstone is called faceting. Usually, a simple machine is used to grind the facet of the stone to cut and polish it. A machine is a simple machine that has a grinding plate called the lap and a set of protractors that hold the stone. The person working on this machine is called the Master Faceter who controls the machine to grind the face of the stone and polish it.
The natural uncut stone is selected for its color, shape, clarity, and facet which can be cut and polished without cracking the stone. According to the shape of the stone, the design is selected. The unwanted rough edges are ground so that the protractors can grip it firmly.
To use the stone for jewelry, the biggest challenge is to orient the stone for a needle to pass through the center so that the facets reflect light like a kaleidoscope. The center is determined after ensuring that the stone is not wobbly. Once this is determined, then the facets of the stone undergo the critical grinding process. Different angles are used to grind the facets so as to remove the stray needles that are present in the natural stone.
Once the cutting is done, a polishing agent is used to polish the various facets of the gemstone. The faceted has to be careful not to grind too long lest the stone cracks. A cracked stone may be cheaper, but it does not have the healing properties rather it is believed to adversely affect the user.
If you are a nature lover and a stone collector, you can easily grind and polish any to add to your collection. For the first-timer, Yes the texture of the stones is varied! Wash the stone off all the grime and dirt. Take a 60 grit sandpaper and rub it around the stone to shape it. Keep washing it to remove the scratches and smoothing the stone. Once the rock surface is smoothened and you like what you see, polish the stone with a polish and a denim cloth till you get the desired results.