What is Geography?
While the word geography is derived from Greek and literally means "to write about the earth," the subject of geography is much more than describing "foreign" places or memorizing the names of capitals and countries. Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks to understand the world - its human and physical features - through an understanding of place and location. Geographers study where things are and how they got there. My favorite definitions for geography are "the bridge between the human and physical sciences" and "the mother of all sciences." Geography looks at the spatial connection between people, places, and the earth.
(Matt Rosenburg, all about geograpy)
Why Study Geography?
To understand basic physical systems that affect everyday life (e.g. earth-sun relationships, water cycles, wind and ocean currents).
To learn the location of places and the physical and cultural characteristics of those places in order to function more effectively in our increasingly interdependent world.
To understand the geography of past times and how geography has played important roles in the evolution of people, their ideas, places and environments.
To develop a mental map of your community, province or territory, country and the world so that you can understand the “where” of places and events.
To explain how the processes of human and physical systems have arranged and sometimes changed the surface of the Earth.
To understand the spatial organization of society and see order in what often appears to be random scattering of people and places.
To recognize spatial distributions at all scales — local and worldwide — in order to understand the complex connectivity of people and places.
To be able to make sensible judgements about matters involving relationships between the physical environment and society.
To appreciate Earth as the homeland of humankind and provide insight for wise management decisions about how the planet’s resources should be used.
To understand global interdependence and to become a better global citizen.