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Science Standards

StrandThe Scientific Process 
Standard 1: The Scientific Process: SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION: Discover, invent, and investigate using the skills necessary to engage in the scientific process

TopicScientific Inquiry
Benchmark SC.5.1.1Identify the variables in scientific investigations and recognize the importance of controlling variables in scientific experiments

TopicScientific Inquiry
Benchmark SC.5.1.2Formulate and defend conclusions based on evidence

StrandThe Scientific Process 
Standard 2: The Scientific Process: NATURE OF SCIENCE: Understand that science, technology, and society are interrelated

TopicUnifying Concepts and Themes
Benchmark SC.5.2.1Use models and/or simulations to represent and investigate features of objects, events, and processes in the real world

StrandLife and Environmental Sciences 
Standard 3: Life and Environmental Sciences: ORGANISMS AND THE ENVIRONMENT: Understand the unity, diversity, and interrelationships of organisms, including their relationship to cycles of matter and energy in the environment

TopicCycles of Matter and Energy
Benchmark SC.5.3.1Describe the cycle of energy among producers, consumers, and decomposers

TopicInterdependence
Benchmark SC.5.3.2Describe the interdependent relationships among producers, consumers, and decomposers in an ecosystem in terms of the cycles of matter

StrandLife and Environmental Sciences 
Standard 4: Life and Environmental Sciences: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION IN ORGANISMS: Understand the structures and functions of living organisms and how organisms can be compared scientifically

TopicCells, Tissues, Organs, and Organ Systems
Benchmark SC.5.4.1Describe the structures of the human body and how they work together to sustain life

StrandLife and Environmental Sciences 
Standard 5: Life and Environmental Sciences: DIVERSITY, GENETICS, AND EVOLUTION: Understand genetics and biological evolution and their impact on the unity and diversity of organisms

TopicHeredity
Benchmark SC.5.5.1Recognize that some traits of living things are inherited and others are learned

StrandPhysical, Earth, and Space Sciences 
Standard 6: Physical, Earth and Space Science: NATURE OF MATTER AND ENERGY: Understand the nature of matter and energy, forms of energy (including waves) and energy transformations, and their significance in understanding the structure of the universe

TopicEnergy and its Transformation
Benchmark SC.5.6.1Identify different forms of energy (e.g., thermal, electrical, nuclear, light, sound) and how they can change and transfer energy from one form to another

TopicEnergy and its Transformation
Benchmark SC.5.6.2Describe ways that heat can be transferred from one object to another

TopicWaves
Benchmark SC.5.6.3Compare what happens to light when it is reflected, refracted, and absorbed

StrandPhysical, Earth, and Space Sciences 
Standard 7: Physical, Earth, and Space Sciences: FORCE AND MOTION: Understand the relationship between force, mass, and motion of objects; and know the major natural forces: gravitational, electric, and magnetic

TopicForces of the Universe
Benchmark SC.5.7.1Explain how electrically charged materials can push or pull other charged materials

StrandPhysical, Earth, and Space Sciences 
Standard 8: Physical, Earth, and Space Sciences: EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE: Understand the Earth and its processes, the solar system, and the universe and its contents

TopicEarth in the Solar System
Benchmark SC.5.8.1Describe the relationship (size and distance) of Earth to other components in the solar system

TopicEarth in the Solar System
Benchmark SC.5.8.2Describe examples of what astronomers have discovered using telescopes

TopicEarth in the Solar System
Benchmark SC.5.8.3Explain that the planets orbit the sun and that the moon orbits the Earth

TopicEarth in the Solar System
Benchmark SC.5.8.4Demonstrate that day and night are caused by the rotation of the Earth on its axis
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