Nietzsche's ideology was influenced by three things: David Strauss' The Life of Jesus Critically Examined, Darwin's Origin of Species, and Richard Wagner's Overture to Meistersinger.
Nietzsche desired to create with language what his friend Richard Wagner created wtih music. After experiencing the overture to Richard Wagner's Meistersinger, Nietzsche said, "Every fiber and nerve of my being is tingling." Click to listen to Wagner's overture.
Darwin's Origin of the Species provides important historical context for Nietzche's creation of the Ubermensch.
The Myth of the Phoenix
"Define it, Defend it, Reclaim it" - Activity