Geography and Cultures Ch 4

Geography for Life                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Name:                                                

Ms. Hamilton                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Date:                           Period:           


Reading Guide: World Geography and Cultures, Chapter 4 Section 2 (pg. 75-79)



Throughout your reading, define the following words:

  • Language family:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
  • Ethnic Group:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
  • Culture Region:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
  • Cultural Diffusion:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
  • Cultural Hearth:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     


Elements of Culture


  • A                                   is a local form of language different from the common language.
    • Some aspects include                                                  and                                                     .
  • Use the map on page 76 to list at least three countries that belong to the same language family as the country listed. (you may need to use a world map in your book for country names)
    • America:                                                                                                                                            
    • Madagascar:                                                                                                                                      
    • Saudi Arabia:                                                                                                                                      


  • Religion has many implications around the world and influences many aspects of life such as:





Social Groups

  • The                                           is the most important social group.
  • A social class is:                                                                                                                                             
    • What social classes exist in the United States?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             


Government and Economy

  • What are some of the common features of governments around the world?                                                                                                                                                                                                                     


Culture Regions

  • Use the map on pg. 77 to list all the types of cultural regions:


Culture Change

The Agricultural Revolution

  • The first 5 civilizations are the first farming settlements within the agricultural revolution. What kind of body of water do most of the cultural hearths have in common? Why do you think that is?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
  • List 5 reasons for migration (moving) of peoples around the world.

Economic Opportunities

  • What are some examples of cultural migration that you can see within Salt Lake City?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
  • What cultural changes have resulted from the information revolution?