Geography of Oceania


Australia is the smallest continent by size and the second smallest in terms of population. Australia is located to the southeast of Asia. Australia is surrounded by the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. 

Much of Australia's land mass is desert, but there are also very lush areas. Australia has some very unique animal life for such a small continent. Some examples are the Koala Bear (which is not really a bear, but a marsupial), the platypus, and the Kangaroo. 

Map of Oceania 
Click here to see large map of Australia

Fun Facts about Australia: 

  • Much of Australia is sparsely populated and there are more sheep in Australia than people. 

  • Australia was first settled by Europeans as a penal colony or prison colony. 

  • The name Australia means "land of the south". 

  • There are less people that live in Australia than in the US state of Texas. 

  • Australia is located in the southern hemisphere. This means that its winter is during June, July and August and its summer during the months of December, January, and February.