LAN477 MidTerm Information

Possible Mid-Term Test Questions

In order for you to prepare for the mid-term test, I am providing you with a list of questions ahead of time so that you can prepare point-form answers, look at possible sources you want to use for and in your answers, and prepare effectively so that you know what to expect.

Your preparation for the midterm must involve:

  1. Going over notes from lectures, discussions, and tutorials
  2. Looking at required readings and notes made on them
  3. Answering the questions below (or at least answering them in point form)

Remember that this is the overall basis for the mid-term:

Major Test 20%

The term test will focus on lectures 2 through 11 of the course. You will be responsible for all of the facts given in lectures and in the readings. The test will consist of long-essay questions that you must answer using both the lectures, discussions in tutorials, the films and the required readings. The essay questions will be fairly broad and will ask you to write only on the materials covered in the course. When writing the answers to the questions that you select in long-essay format, please make sure that you select appropriate content. The questions will, of course, be fairly broad to allow for you to think clearly and sufficiently about the content of your responses before you write them down. All essays should be at least 2 to 3 WRITTEN double-spaced pages. A list of possible essay topics shall be provided to you in advance of the mid-term test.

Please also be aware of the fact that for the tests, I do not expect you to know specific theories that we cover in class. However, it is a good idea to have some broad-brush knowledge. For example, if a question appears and asks you to analyze turbo-folk music in light of gender issues you would want to make the statement in your essays that turbo-folk generally sexualizes the female body and in effect does not give women agency because they are controlled fully by the patriarchal realms to which their music adheres. This is evident simply in the ways that women are portrayed (the kinds of clothes they wear and their general appearance in music videos). You would not, for example, need to know theories, but just general examples.

I will be more impressed in what you have to say about the lectures, readings, and films and the essay questions will allow you to express your knowledge of the materials presented to you.

If you have read the required readings, attended lectures and tutorials and viewed the required films, you will be well prepared to answer the questions.

All essays must be at least 3 double-spaced pages, written in pen using proper English grammar.

Please answer 3 out of 10 questions during the test.

Each question is worth 33.3 points for a total of 99.9 points possible. You will receive 0.1 point for writing your name on all of your papers for a total of 100 points. Answers to questions should be at least 2 to 3 double-spaced pages.


  1. Considering the nature of Yugoslav history as a whole, do you believe that the disintegration of the region into separate entities was an inevitable occurrence? Explain your thoughts using appropriate lecture and reading content.
  2. Scholars blame Marshal Tito for the breakup of Yugoslavia. Discuss in an essay your thoughts on this widely debatable topic. What are the thoughts of individuals who blame Tito for Yugoslavia’s demise and what are the thoughts of those who saw Tito as a role model?
  3. What are “Yugo-nostalgia” and “collective memory” and how are these themes important in the study of ex-Yugoslav history? (Please do not discuss theories, but provide brief definitions of the terms mentioned). Comment further on the differences between positive and negative types of nostalgia that we have discussed in class and in your essay comment on how “Yugo-nostalgia” may allow for people to reconcile and face their pasts.
  4. What is “nationalism” in your definition of the word and how does Balkan or European nationalism differ from say, nationalism in Canada or the United States? What dangers does nationalism pose to governments and societal affairs? Do you think that nationalism is a “backwards” way of thinking or does it have to do more with how nationalism is applied/use rather than the single sense of the term? Explain and discuss.
  5. Discuss the ways in which the events in ex-Yugoslavia could qualify as a series of “holocausts.” Why do you think that such a term has been used to describe what occurred here and what was the outlying purpose of these “holocausts”? Give examples of heinous actions taken in the region to deprive peoples of their pasts and cultures.
  6. What role(s) did the media play in the disintegration of Yugoslavia? Discuss thoroughly how the media affected the public and how the public responded to the information they received from the media.
  7. As discussed in class, there were many ways in which people were impacted by the war in Yugoslavia. Discuss in an essay some of the ways that women, children, and men were impacted by the war and how these impacts can be categorized into both long and short-term issues.
  8. What are some of the ways in which reconstruction efforts were handled after the destruction of regions of ex-Yugoslavia? How have reconstruction efforts been both positive and negative within the region? Discuss with specific references to sources read and mentioned in class.
  9. Discuss the connections that can be made between Yugoslav history, nationalism, music and politics in the 1980s and 1990s? Give two specific example of how music helped to steer the contentiousness within the region during this time period (and  possibly after). In your answers you should discuss how music aided in the creation of “Othering” and negative nationalistic tendencies within the region.
  10. What aspect(s)/theme(s) of this course have you found to be most interesting so far? Explain why you believe these aspect(s)/theme(s) are intriguing using specific examples from the readings.
  11. How do music and gender work to appropriate themselves within the context of both contemporary and Yugoslav musical traditions? Explain your answers with at least one example.
  12. Some scholars have argued that Yugoslavia was rich in culture because it was an example of cohesive multiculturalism. Discuss how this was the case and then explain the lessons that this region should learn in order not to repeat the tragic events of 1992-1995 and to redevelop social cohesion that existed in the past.

So, there you go. If you prepare some clear, point form and cogent answers to the questions above before the test date, you will be able to succeed on the test. Remember, if the questions sound specific it is only because they are based on specific themes within the course. Thus, you should in your answer to the question think about the themes and applicable discussions and readings that you want to talk about.

You should also note that you do have a lot of choice in which questions you wish to respond to. Consequently, you should choose to answer only those questions for which you can develop good solid answers. Good answers will generally provide examples from readings and course lectures and will be written using proper English grammar. You will be given enough time to complete this test so do not worry about this aspect.

AGAIN, I WOULD LIKE TO EMPHASIS THAT YOU DO NOT MEMORIZE ANSWERS TO THESE QUESTIONS. The point of the midterm will be to see how much you know, but I do not want memorized laundry lists of readings, discussions, lectures and the like. I want you to pick out the most appropriate items and write about them. This means that you do not have to write about every single reading and every single lecture/discussion/tutorial. Choose only the most appropriate points to illustriate your answers.