Chapter 4 Integumentary System

 

 

Chapter 4 Objectives

  • Classification of Body Membranes (pp. 92-94)
    • List the general functions of each membrane type - cutaneous, mucous, serous, and synovial - and give its location in the body.
    • Compare the structure (tissue makeup) of the major membrane types.
  • Integumentary System (Skin) (pp. 94-105)
    • List several important functions of the integumentary system and explain how these functions are accomplished.
    • When provided with a model or diagram of the skin, recognize and name the following skin structures:epidermis, dermis (papillary and reticular layers), hair and hair follicle, sebaceous gland, and sweat gland.
    • Name the layers of the epidermis and describe the characteristics of each.
    • Describe the distribution and function of the epidermal derivatives - sebaceous glands, sweat glands, and hair.
    • Name the factors that determine skin color and describe the function of melanin.
    • Differentiate between first-, second-, and third-degree burns.
    • Explain the importance of the "rule of nines."
    • Summarize the characteristics of basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant melanoma.
  • Developmental Aspects of Skin and Body Membranes (pp. 105-107)
    • List several examples of integumentary system aging.

 

Chapter 4 Outline Framework

  • CLASSIFICATION OF BODY MEMBRANES (pp. 92-94)
  • Epithelial Membranes (pp. 92-94)
    • Cutaneous Membrane
    • Mucous Membranes
    • Serous Membranes
    • Connective Tissue Membranes (p. 94)
  • INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM (SKIN) (pp. 94-105)
  • Basic Skin Functions (pp. 94-95)
  • Structure of the Skin (pp. 95-98)
    • Epidermis
    • Stratum Basale
    • Stratum Spinosum
    • Stratum Granulosum
    • Stratum Lucidum
    • Stratum Corneum
    • Dermis
    • Papillary Layer
    • Reticular Layer
  • Skin Color (pp. 98-99)
  • Appendages of the Skin (pp. 99-101)
    • Cutaneous Glands
    • Sebaceous (Oil) Glands
    • Sweat Glands
    • Eccrine Glands
    • Apocrine Glands
    • Hairs and Hair Follicles
    • Nails
  • Homeostatic Imbalances of the Skin (pp. 101-105)
    • Infections and Allergies
    • Athlete's Foot
    • Boils and Carbuncles
    • Cold Sores
    • Contact Dermatitis
    • Impetigo
    • Psoriasis
    • Burns
      • First-degree
      • Second-degree
      • Third-degree
      • Skin Cancer
      • Basal Cell Carcinoma
      • Squamous Cell Carcinoma
      • Malignant Melanoma
  • DEVELOPMENTAL ASPECTS OF SKIN AND BODY MEMBRANES (pp. 105-107)

Chapter Terms: Skin and Membranes pp. 92~107

  • epithelial membranes
  • cutaneous membranes
  • mucous membranes (mucosa, mucosae)
  • serous membranes (serosa, serosae)
  • serous fluid
  • peritoneum
  • pleura
  • pericardium
  • synovial membranes
  • Integumentary System (Skin)
  • integument
  • epidermis
  • keratinizing dermis
  • subcutaneous tissue (hypodermis)
  • keratinocytes
  • stratum basale
  • stratum germinativum
  • stratum spinosum
  • stratum granuolsum
  • stratum lucidum
  • stratum corneum
  • melanin
  • melanocytes
  • dermis
  • papillary layer
  • dermal papillae
  • reticular layer
  • skin color
  • erythema pallor (blanching)
  • jaundice
  • skin appendates
  • cutaneous glands
  • exocrine glands
  • sebaceous (oil) glands
  • sebum
  • sweat glands (sudoriferous glands)
  • eccrine sweat glands
  • sweat
  • pore
  • apocirne sweat glands
  • hair
  • hair follicle
  • root
  • shaft
  • hair bulb
  • matrix
  • arrector pili
  • nails
  • skin problems
  • athlete's foot
  • boils and carbuncles
  • cold sores (fever blisters)
  • contact dermatitis
  • impetigo
  • psoriasis
  • burns
  • rule of nines
  • first-degree burns
  • second-degree burns
  • partial-thickness burns
  • third-degree burns
  • full-thickness burns
  • skin cancer
  • basal cell carcinoma
  • squamous cell carcinoma
  • malignant melanoma
  • ABCD Rule (assymetry, border irregularity, color, diameter)