Unit 4 Vocabulary

Homologous Chromosomes=pair of similar chromosomes

Photosynthesis=the process a plant uses in order to produce glucose using sunlight, carbon dioxide (CO2) and water

Vesicle=The sac formed around a large particle to allow a cell to take in or remove the particle

Active Transport=The movement of substances through a cell membrane with the use of cell energy

Semi-Permeable=Only allowing certain molecules to pass in and out

Endocytosis=The process by which a cell membrane surrounds and encloses a large particle to bring it into the cell.

Osmosis=The movement of water thru a membrane

Meiosis=A process in cell division during which the number of chromosomes decreases to half the original number by two divisions of the nucleus, resulting in the production of sex cells.

Exocytosis=The process where a cell gets rid of large particles.

Glucose=The sugar plants make for themselves

Fermentation=The process used to produce energy from food or breakdown food WITHOUT oxygen.

Cellular Respiration=The process cells use to produce energy from food or to breakdown food. 

Chromosome=The structure in which DNA, the hereditary material that controls the cells activities, can be found.

ATP =The substance that supplies energy to fuel cells activties

Mitosis=The process of cell division that forms TWO nuclei

Cell Cycle=The life stages of a cell that consist of it's growth, copying of DNA, and reproduction of new cells.

Diffusion=The movement of particles from areas of high concentration to areas of lower concentration

Mitochondria=the place where cellular respiration in eukaryotes takes place

Cytokinesis=The division of cytoplasm