WHII Midyear Study Guide

The Midyear will include questions from the following units: Enlightenment/Scientific Revolution, French Revolution, Napoleon/Congress of Vienna, Industrial Revoltuion & Nationalism


Enlightenment

Terms/Names
 Joseph II                      Denis Diderot        Mozart, Beethoven & Hayden
Catherine the Great    Francis Bacon        Montesquieu
Locke                             Hobbes                    Beccaria
Voltaire                         Copernicus             Heliocentric Theory
Geocentric Theory      Newton                    Law of Universal Gravitation    
On The Spirit of Laws                                   Enlightened Despots
Philosophe                     neoclassic              salons

Main Ideas/Concepts
    *England was the model for other European nations during the Enlightenment because they had
    already embedded Enlightened Ideas within their government with their Bill of Rights and Glorious
    Revolution.
    *The Enlightenment reached its height in France because of the philosophe.  They met in salons to
    discuss the new enlightened ideas.
    *Enlightenment’s enduring effects mainly were its influences on many future governments including
    the United States.  Ideas such as Montesquieu’s separation of powers and Locke’s life liberty and
    property are seen both in the United States Constitution and the  United States Declaration of
    Independence.


French Revolution

Terms and Names:
Old Regime
Estates    
Louis XVI
Marie Antoinette
Estates-General    
National Assembly
Tennis Court Oath    
Great Fear
Bastille    
Olympe de Gouges
Assignats
Limited Monarchy
Emigres
san-culottes
Constitution of 1791
Constitution of 1795
Jacobins
Jean-Paul Marat    
Guillotine
First Estate
Second Estate
Third Estate
George Danton
National Convention    
Battle of Valmy
Reign of Terror    
Napoleon Bonaparte
Palace of Versailles
Gironde    
Legislative Assembly
Robert Turgot
Jacques Necker
Madame Roland
bourgeoisie
bloc
Absolute Monarchy
Divine Right    
deficit spending
cahiers
commune
fractions
Tuileries Palace    
Girondists
Marie-Therese
Louis-Charles
Charlotte Corday
General Carnot
Rouget de Lisle
Directory
Convention
bread
First Republic
Louis XV
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
Committee of Public Safety        
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
Maximilien Robespierre    
Declaration of the Rights of Women
Civil Constitution of Clergy
Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes


Main Idea/Big Picture Concepts:
Causes of the French Revolution (Political, Economical and Social) as well as the long term and short term causes of the French Revolution. You’ll need to identify at least one from each.
Describe the creation of the National Assembly and the storming of the Bastille
Explain the importance of the Great Fear and the Women’s march on Versailles
Describe and explain the four phases of the French Revolution
Explain how the National Assembly changed France’s government
Summarize the positions fo the three fractions that tried to govern France
Explain how war and the king’s execution affected the Revolution
Describe the events and the aftermath of the Reign of Terror


Napoleon/Congress of Vienna

Terms/Names:
Napoleon           plebiscite                       lycees
Directory            Horatio Nelson            consuls
Pope Pius VII    Notre Dame Cathedral        emperor
Saint Domingue        Toussaint L’Overture        Louisiana Territory
Battle of Austerlitz        Proclamation            Napoleonic Code
concordat            Battle of Trafalgar        puppet ruler
Josephine            Marie Louise            Napoleon II
coup d’etat            emperor            republic
nationalism            heroism            blockade
guerrilla            Hundred Days            Peninsular War
scorched-earth policy        King Louis XVIII        Battle of Waterloo
Continental System        Elba                Czar Alexander I
War of 1812            Joseph                Battle of Borodino
Grand Army            retreat from Moscow        allied army
King Fredrick William III    Louis XVIII            Duke of Wellington
St. Helena

Main Ideas/Concepts:
Why do you think Napoleon became as popular as he did?
What aspect of Napoleon’s character or personality do you think was most responsible for the collapse of his empire? Explain.
In your opinion, was Napoleon a Revolutionary or a Tyrant? Why? Explain by giving at least one fact/example.
Why is the Napoleonic Code good and bad? Explain. Give one example for each.
What were the two major results of the battle of Trafalgar?
 Did Napoleon have no choice but to invade Russia? Why or Why not?


Industrial Revolution

Terms & Names:

Industrial Revolution

Enclousure

crop rotation

industrialization

factors of production

factory

entrepreneur

urbanization

middle class

stock corporation

laissez faire

Adam Smith

capitalism

utilitarianism

socialism

Karl Marx

communism

union

strike

Main Ideas/Concepts

Answer the main idea #11-20 (Online text: page 742, In class text: page     )


Nationalism

peninsulare

creole

mulatto

simon bolivar

jose de san martin

miguel hidalgo

jose maria morelos

conservative

liberal

radical

nationalism

nation-state

the balkans

louis-napoleon

alexander ii

russification

camillo di cavour

giuseppe garibaldi

junker

otto von bismark

realpolitik

kaiser

romanticism

realism

impressionism

Main ideas/concepts:

answer questions #9-20 on page 704