 # Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 Study Guide

Measurement and Properties of Matter

Modified True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true.

____    1.   A distance is needed to understand the number value of a measurement. _________________________

____    2.   Distance is measured in units of length. _________________________

____    3.   Accuracy refers to the smallest interval that can be measured. _________________________

____    4.   If the difference between two results is much larger than the estimated error, the results are called signficantly different. _________________________

____    5.   The volume of an object is the space taken up by the object. _________________________

____    6.   Your body would have the same weight if you were on Earth, the Moon, or Jupiter. ____________________

____    7.   The mass of an old penny is about 3.1 kilograms. _________________________

____    8.   The relationship between the mass and volume of an object is its weight. _________________________

____    9.   The density of a material is the same no matter what the size or shape of the material. _________________________

____  10.   A graph is a visual representation of data. _________________________

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____  11.   The unit of length that most nearly matches the width of your finger is the:

 a. nanometer. b. millimeter. c. centimeter. d. meter.

____  12.   Which of the following are in the correct order from smallest to largest?

 a. Millimeter, meter, centimeter, kilometer b. Millimeter, centimeter, meter, kilometer c. Centimeter, millimeter, meter, kilometer d. Meter, millimeter, centimeter, kilometer

____  13.   Which of the following is NOT a unit of measurement in the metric system?

 a. Meter b. Second c. Centimeter d. Foot

____  14.   What two parts does a measurement have?

 a. Time and distance b. Value and unit c. SI and English d. Mass and length

____  15.   Why are SI units used so often in science?

 a. Factors of 10 are easier work with mathematically. b. SI units are bigger than English System units. c. Factors of 3, 12, and 5,280 are easier to remember. d. SI units are more accurate than English System units.

____  16.   The conversion factor for changing one unit of length to another in the metric system is a multiple of:

 a. 3. b. 10. c. 12. d. 5,280.

____  17.   One of these is NOT a unit of distance. Which one?

 a. Mile b. Inch c. Newton d. Meter

____  18.   Which is an example of a quantity of time?

 a. Friday at 2:00 b. One year c. 4:05 p.m. d. December 10, 2011 at 9:00 a.m.

____  19.   How many centimeters are in a stick 3.0 meters long?

 a. 0.3 cm b. 30 cm c. 300 cm d. 3,000 cm

____  20.   How many seconds are in 3 days?

 a. 72 seconds b. 4,320 seconds c. 259,200 seconds d. 86,400 seconds

____  21.   How many seconds are in a stopwatch showing 4 hours, 3 minutes, and 10 seconds?

 a. 17 seconds b. 253 seconds c. 14,580 seconds d. 14,590 seconds

____  22.   When you convert a measurement from SI to English, what changes?

 a. Units b. Values c. Error d. Resolution

____  23.   Which measurement is largest?

 a. 4,000,000 millimeters b. 180,000 centimeters c. 3,000 meters d. 1.2 kilometers

____  24.   Which measurement is smallest?

 a. 2.5 hours b. 9,000 seconds c. 145 minutes d. 0.2 days

____  25.   Convert 972 meters to centimeters.

 a. 9.72 b. 97.2 c. 9,720 d. 97,200

____  26.   How many miles are in a 5 km (5-K) race?

1 mi = 1.609 km

 a. 3. miles b. 6.1. miles c. 6.6 miles d. 8. miles

____  27.

What is the diameter of the CD shown in the picture?

 a. 12. cm b. 120 mm c. 0.12 m d. All of the above

____  28.   5200 seconds is equal to:

 a. 1 hour, 26 minutes, 40 seconds b. 5 hours, 3 minutes, 20 seconds c. 11 hours, 56 minutes, 40 seconds d. 86 hours, 6 minutes, 6 seconds

____  29.   You raise a penny for each meter you walk in a fundraiser. You walk 15 kilometers. How much money do you raise?

 a. \$1.50 b. \$15.00 c. \$150.00 d. \$1,500.00

____  30.   What are the meaningful digits called in a measurement?

 a. Precision b. Uncertainty c. Significant digits d. Accuracy

Figure 1-1A

____  31.   What is the volume of liquid in the graduated cylinder shown in Figure 1-1A?

 a. 8 mL b. 18 mL c. 18.5 mL d. 19 mL

____  32.

A pair of skis is 180 cm long. What is their length in inches, with the correct number of significant digits? 1 inch = 2.54 cm

 a. 70.9 b. 71 c. 457 d. 460

____  33.   Which measurement has 4 significant digits?

 a. 0.04349 b. 43.490 km c. 434.90 km d. 4349.0 km

 Trial Alicia’s Time (s) Janela’s Time (s) 1 0.0107 0.0107 2 0.0109 0.0107 3 0.0109 0.0107 4 0.0108 0.0107 5 0.0113 0.0108 Average 0.0109 0.0107

Table 1-1A

Alicia and Janela measured how long it took for a car to pass through a timer on a ramp. They each took 5 measurements. Alicia’s average time and Janela’s average time are shown in the table above.

____  34.   According to Table 1-1A, which student recorded the most precise data?

 a. Alicia b. Janela c. They were equally precise. d. Neither was precise.

____  35.   Estimate Alicia’s average error from Table 1-1A.

 a. 0.00001 s b. 0.0001 s c. 0.00002 s d. 0.0003 s

____  36.   A meniscus:

 a. is formed when a liquid is in a tube. b. makes volume measurements impossible. c. always curves downward. d. All of the above

____  37.   The amount of matter in an object is called its:

 a. volume. b. gram. c. weight. d. mass.

____  38.   Mass is measured in units of:

 a. inches and feet. b. pounds and ounces. c. kilograms and grams. d. cubic centimeters.

____  39.   The space that an object takes up is known as its:

 a. density. b. volume. c. weight. d. mass.

____  40.   Mass is a measurement of:

 a. how hot or cold something is. b. anything that has volume and takes up space. c. how much surface something has. d. the amount of matter that makes up something.

____  41.   Which of the following has a mass of approximately one gram?

 a. A 1-liter bottle of soda b. A paper clip c. One grain of salt d. One grain of rice

____  42.   Which is true of a kilogram of feathers and a kilogram of bricks?

 a. They have the same mass. b. They have the same volume. c. The bricks are less dense. d. The feathers are more dense.

____  43.   A plastic toy with a mass of 18 grams occupies 9.0 cm3 of space. Its density is:

 a. 0.3 g/cm3 b. 1.5 g/cm3 c. 2.0 g/cm3 d. 6.0 g/cm3

____  44.   A graduated cylinder contains 30 mL of water. You place an object into the cylinder and the water level rises to 52 mL. What is the volume of the object?

 a. 22 mL b. 30 mL c. 52 mL d. 82 mL

____  45.   When preparing a batch of lemonade, you add 2 quarts of water. What scientific measurement are you making when you measure and add the water?

 a. Area b. Mass c. Temperature d. Volume

____  46.   When determining the mass of your friend, Kellie, the best units to use would be:

 a. grams. b. centimeters. c. kilograms. d. liters.

____  47.

What is the volume of the box in the picture?

 a. 14 cm3 b. 38 cm3 c. 72 cm3 d. 100 cm3

____  48.   A 10 cm ´ 10 cm ´ 10 cm box holds one liter of water. If a box measures 10 cm ´ 20 cm ´ 50 cm, how many liters of water does it hold?

 a. 1 b. 2 c. 5 d. 10

____  49.   By adding more copper to an copper block, you:

 a. increase its density. b. decrease its density. c. decrease its mass. d. do not change its density.

____  50.   In order to change the density of an object, you can:

 a. increase its mass, keeping its volume the same. b. keep its mass and volume the same. c. change its shape. d. add more of the same material to it.

____  51.   How does the density of a pure silver teapot compare to a pure silver bracelet?

 a. It is higher. b. It is lower c. It is the same. d. You can’t tell without the numbers.

____  52.   Titanium has a density of 4.5 g/cm3. Rubber has a density of 1200 kg/m3. Which material has the higher density?

 a. Titanium b. Rubber c. They are the same d. None of the above

____  53.   On a graph, the range of values for one variable is plotted on one:

 a. origin. b. axis. c. position. d. slope.

____  54.   A graph is:

 a. a picture that shows how two variables are related. b. drawn with the independent variable on the horizontal axis. c. a mathematical model that helps you interpret the data you collect. d. All of the above

____  55.   A scatterplot is the best type of graph to use when:

 a. one variable causes a second variable to change in value. b. comparing categories of variables. c. comparing quantities of variables as percentages. d. plotting any type of scientific data.

Figure 2-1A

____  56.   Figure 2-1A is an example of:

 a. a pie graph. b. a bar graph. c. a scatterplot. d. an equation.

____  57.   The mass vs. speed graph in Figure 2-1A shows a(n):

 a. direct relationship. b. inverse relationship. c. variable relationship. d. None of the above

____  58.   What units are the y values in Figure 2-1A?

 a. cm b. cm/s c. kg d. seconds

____  59.   The independent variable on a graph:

 a. is drawn on the x-axis. b. is changed by the experimenter. c. may cause a change in the experimental system. d. All of the above

____  60.   A graph is drawn on paper to be 20 boxes by 20 boxes.

The range of values for the x-axis is 0 to 60 seconds.

The range of values for the y-axis is 0 to 20 meters.

What is the scale for each axis?

 a. x-axis is 3 seconds per box        y-axis is 2 meters per box b. x-axis is 2 seconds per box        y-axis is 3 meters per box c. x-axis is 6 seconds per box        y-axis is 2 meters per box d. x-axis is 3 seconds per box        y-axis is 1 meter per box

Matching

Choose the unit of measurement from the list below that would be BEST to use when expressing a measurement in each of the following situations. Unit choices can be used once, more than once, or not at all.

 a. centimeter b. meter c. millimeter d. kilometer

____  61.   The width of a human hair

____  62.   The distance between a point at the top of a one-meter ramp and a point halfway down the ramp

____  63.   The length of your foot

____  64.   The length of an Olympic-sized swimming pool

Match each unit to the property of matter that it measures.

 a. mass b. density c. volume d. weight

____  65.   cm3

____  66.   kilogram

____  67.   g/cm3

____  68.   kg/m3

____  69.   mL

____    70.       pound