Measurement and Properties of Matter Test
Measurement and Properties of Matter
Modified True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true.
____ 1. A distance is needed to understand the number value of a measurement. _________________________
____ 2. Distance is measured in units of length. _________________________
____ 3. Accuracy refers to the smallest interval that can be measured. _________________________
____ 4. If the difference between two results is much larger than the estimated error, the results are called signficantly different. _________________________
____ 5. The volume of an object is the space taken up by the object. _________________________
____ 6. Your body would have the same weight if you were on Earth, the Moon, or Jupiter. ____________________
____ 7. The mass of an old penny is about 3.1 kilograms. _________________________
____ 8. The relationship between the mass and volume of an object is its weight. _________________________
____ 9. The density of a material is the same no matter what the size or shape of the material. _________________________
____ 10. A graph is a visual representation of data. _________________________
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 11. The unit of length that most nearly matches the width of your finger is the:
a. |
nanometer. |
b. |
millimeter. |
c. |
centimeter. |
d. |
meter. |
____ 12. Which of the following are in the correct order from smallest to largest?
a. |
Millimeter, meter, centimeter, kilometer |
b. |
Millimeter, centimeter, meter, kilometer |
c. |
Centimeter, millimeter, meter, kilometer |
d. |
Meter, millimeter, centimeter, kilometer |
____ 13. Which of the following is NOT a unit of measurement in the metric system?
a. |
Meter |
b. |
Second |
c. |
Centimeter |
d. |
Foot |
____ 14. What two parts does a measurement have?
a. |
Time and distance |
b. |
Value and unit |
c. |
SI and English |
d. |
Mass and length |
____ 15. Why are SI units used so often in science?
a. |
Factors of 10 are easier work with mathematically. |
b. |
SI units are bigger than English System units. |
c. |
Factors of 3, 12, and 5,280 are easier to remember. |
d. |
SI units are more accurate than English System units. |
____ 16. The conversion factor for changing one unit of length to another in the metric system is a multiple of:
a. |
3. |
b. |
10. |
c. |
12. |
d. |
5,280. |
____ 17. One of these is NOT a unit of distance. Which one?
a. |
Mile |
b. |
Inch |
c. |
Newton |
d. |
Meter |
____ 18. Which is an example of a quantity of time?
a. |
Friday at 2:00 |
b. |
One year |
c. |
4:05 p.m. |
d. |
December 10, 2011 at 9:00 a.m. |
____ 19. How many centimeters are in a stick 3.0 meters long?
a. |
0.3 cm |
b. |
30 cm |
c. |
300 cm |
d. |
3,000 cm |
____ 20. How many seconds are in 3 days?
a. |
72 seconds |
b. |
4,320 seconds |
c. |
259,200 seconds |
d. |
86,400 seconds |
____ 21. How many seconds are in a stopwatch showing 4 hours, 3 minutes, and 10 seconds?
a. |
17 seconds |
b. |
253 seconds |
c. |
14,580 seconds |
d. |
14,590 seconds |
____ 22. When you convert a measurement from SI to English, what changes?
a. |
Units |
b. |
Values |
c. |
Error |
d. |
Resolution |
____ 23. Which measurement is largest?
a. |
4,000,000 millimeters |
b. |
180,000 centimeters |
c. |
3,000 meters |
d. |
1.2 kilometers |
____ 24. Which measurement is smallest?
a. |
2.5 hours |
b. |
9,000 seconds |
c. |
145 minutes |
d. |
0.2 days |
____ 25. Convert 972 meters to centimeters.
a. |
9.72 |
b. |
97.2 |
c. |
9,720 |
d. |
97,200 |
____ 26. How many miles are in a 5 km (5-K) race?
1 mi = 1.609 km
a. |
3. miles |
b. |
6.1. miles |
c. |
6.6 miles |
d. |
8. miles |
____ 27.
What is the diameter of the CD shown in the picture?
a. |
12. cm |
b. |
120 mm |
c. |
0.12 m |
d. |
All of the above |
____ 28. 5200 seconds is equal to:
a. |
1 hour, 26 minutes, 40 seconds |
b. |
5 hours, 3 minutes, 20 seconds |
c. |
11 hours, 56 minutes, 40 seconds |
d. |
86 hours, 6 minutes, 6 seconds |
____ 29. You raise a penny for each meter you walk in a fundraiser. You walk 15 kilometers. How much money do you raise?
a. |
$1.50 |
b. |
$15.00 |
c. |
$150.00 |
d. |
$1,500.00 |
____ 30. What are the meaningful digits called in a measurement?
a. |
Precision |
b. |
Uncertainty |
c. |
Significant digits |
d. |
Accuracy |
Figure 1-1A
____ 31. What is the volume of liquid in the graduated cylinder shown in Figure 1-1A?
a. |
8 mL |
b. |
18 mL |
c. |
18.5 mL |
d. |
19 mL |
____ 32.
A pair of skis is 180 cm long. What is their length in inches, with the correct number of significant digits? 1 inch = 2.54 cm
a. |
70.9 |
b. |
71 |
c. |
457 |
d. |
460 |
____ 33. Which measurement has 4 significant digits?
a. |
0.04349 |
b. |
43.490 km |
c. |
434.90 km |
d. |
4349.0 km |
Trial |
Alicia’s Time (s) |
Janela’s Time (s) |
1 |
0.0107 |
0.0107 |
2 |
0.0109 |
0.0107 |
3 |
0.0109 |
0.0107 |
4 |
0.0108 |
0.0107 |
5 |
0.0113 |
0.0108 |
Average |
0.0109 |
0.0107 |
Table 1-1A
Alicia and Janela measured how long it took for a car to pass through a timer on a ramp. They each took 5 measurements. Alicia’s average time and Janela’s average time are shown in the table above.
____ 34. According to Table 1-1A, which student recorded the most precise data?
a. |
Alicia |
b. |
Janela |
c. |
They were equally precise. |
d. |
Neither was precise. |
____ 35. Estimate Alicia’s average error from Table 1-1A.
a. |
0.00001 s |
b. |
0.0001 s |
c. |
0.00002 s |
d. |
0.0003 s |
____ 36. A meniscus:
a. |
is formed when a liquid is in a tube. |
b. |
makes volume measurements impossible. |
c. |
always curves downward. |
d. |
All of the above |
____ 37. The amount of matter in an object is called its:
a. |
volume. |
b. |
gram. |
c. |
weight. |
d. |
mass. |
____ 38. Mass is measured in units of:
a. |
inches and feet. |
b. |
pounds and ounces. |
c. |
kilograms and grams. |
d. |
cubic centimeters. |
____ 39. The space that an object takes up is known as its:
a. |
density. |
b. |
volume. |
c. |
weight. |
d. |
mass. |
____ 40. Mass is a measurement of:
a. |
how hot or cold something is. |
b. |
anything that has volume and takes up space. |
c. |
how much surface something has. |
d. |
the amount of matter that makes up something. |
____ 41. Which of the following has a mass of approximately one gram?
a. |
A 1-liter bottle of soda |
b. |
A paper clip |
c. |
One grain of salt |
d. |
One grain of rice |
____ 42. Which is true of a kilogram of feathers and a kilogram of bricks?
a. |
They have the same mass. |
b. |
They have the same volume. |
c. |
The bricks are less dense. |
d. |
The feathers are more dense. |
____ 43. A plastic toy with a mass of 18 grams occupies 9.0 cm^{3} of space. Its density is:
a. |
0.3 g/cm^{3} |
b. |
1.5 g/cm^{3} |
c. |
2.0 g/cm^{3} |
d. |
6.0 g/cm^{3} |
____ 44. A graduated cylinder contains 30 mL of water. You place an object into the cylinder and the water level rises to 52 mL. What is the volume of the object?
a. |
22 mL |
b. |
30 mL |
c. |
52 mL |
d. |
82 mL |
____ 45. When preparing a batch of lemonade, you add 2 quarts of water. What scientific measurement are you making when you measure and add the water?
a. |
Area |
b. |
Mass |
c. |
Temperature |
d. |
Volume |
____ 46. When determining the mass of your friend, Kellie, the best units to use would be:
a. |
grams. |
b. |
centimeters. |
c. |
kilograms. |
d. |
liters. |
____ 47.
What is the volume of the box in the picture?
a. |
14 cm^{3} |
b. |
38 cm^{3} |
c. |
72 cm^{3} |
d. |
100 cm^{3} |
____ 48. A 10 cm ´ 10 cm ´ 10 cm box holds one liter of water. If a box measures 10 cm ´ 20 cm ´ 50 cm, how many liters of water does it hold?
a. |
1 |
b. |
2 |
c. |
5 |
d. |
10 |
____ 49. By adding more copper to an copper block, you:
a. |
increase its density. |
b. |
decrease its density. |
c. |
decrease its mass. |
d. |
do not change its density. |
____ 50. In order to change the density of an object, you can:
a. |
increase its mass, keeping its volume the same. |
b. |
keep its mass and volume the same. |
c. |
change its shape. |
d. |
add more of the same material to it. |
____ 51. How does the density of a pure silver teapot compare to a pure silver bracelet?
a. |
It is higher. |
b. |
It is lower |
c. |
It is the same. |
d. |
You can’t tell without the numbers. |
____ 52. Titanium has a density of 4.5 g/cm^{3}. Rubber has a density of 1200 kg/m^{3}. Which material has the higher density?
a. |
Titanium |
b. |
Rubber |
c. |
They are the same |
d. |
None of the above |
____ 53. On a graph, the range of values for one variable is plotted on one:
a. |
origin. |
b. |
axis. |
c. |
position. |
d. |
slope. |
____ 54. A graph is:
a. |
a picture that shows how two variables are related. |
b. |
drawn with the independent variable on the horizontal axis. |
c. |
a mathematical model that helps you interpret the data you collect. |
d. |
All of the above |
____ 55. A scatterplot is the best type of graph to use when:
a. |
one variable causes a second variable to change in value. |
b. |
comparing categories of variables. |
c. |
comparing quantities of variables as percentages. |
d. |
plotting any type of scientific data. |
Figure 2-1A
____ 56. Figure 2-1A is an example of:
a. |
a pie graph. |
b. |
a bar graph. |
c. |
a scatterplot. |
d. |
an equation. |
____ 57. The mass vs. speed graph in Figure 2-1A shows a(n):
a. |
direct relationship. |
b. |
inverse relationship. |
c. |
variable relationship. |
d. |
None of the above |
____ 58. What units are the y values in Figure 2-1A?
a. |
cm |
b. |
cm/s |
c. |
kg |
d. |
seconds |
____ 59. The independent variable on a graph:
a. |
is drawn on the x-axis. |
b. |
is changed by the experimenter. |
c. |
may cause a change in the experimental system. |
d. |
All of the above |
____ 60. A graph is drawn on paper to be 20 boxes by 20 boxes.
The range of values for the x-axis is 0 to 60 seconds.
The range of values for the y-axis is 0 to 20 meters.
What is the scale for each axis?
a. |
x-axis is 3 seconds per box y-axis is 2 meters per box |
b. |
x-axis is 2 seconds per box y-axis is 3 meters per box |
c. |
x-axis is 6 seconds per box y-axis is 2 meters per box |
d. |
x-axis is 3 seconds per box y-axis is 1 meter per box |
Matching
Choose the unit of measurement from the list below that would be BEST to use when expressing a measurement in each of the following situations. Unit choices can be used once, more than once, or not at all.
a. |
centimeter |
b. |
meter |
c. |
millimeter |
d. |
kilometer |
____ 61. The width of a human hair
____ 62. The distance between a point at the top of a one-meter ramp and a point halfway down the ramp
____ 63. The length of your foot
____ 64. The length of an Olympic-sized swimming pool
Match each unit to the property of matter that it measures.
a. |
mass |
b. |
density |
c. |
volume |
d. |
weight |
____ 65. cm^{3}
____ 66. kilogram
____ 67. g/cm^{3}
____ 68. kg/m^{3}
____ 69. mL
____ 70. pound