study guide

 

    THE RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION

 

Identify

1. Renaissance -

 

2. Medici -

 

3. Petrarch -

 

4. Donatello -

 

5. Leonardo da Vinci -

 

6. Michelangelo -

 

7. Raphael -

 

8.  women artists -

 

9.  Machiavelli -

 

10.  Albrecht Durer -

 

11. Sir Thomas More -

 

12.  William Shakespeare -

 

13.  Cervantes -

 

14.  Martin Luther -

 

15.  Protestant -

 

16.  John Calvin -

 

17.  Huguenots -

 

18.  Anabaptists -

 

19.  Henry VIII -

 

20.  Mary Tudor -

21.  Elizabeth I -

 

22.  Catholic Reformation -

 

23.  Inquisition -

 

24.  Jews -

 

25.  Nicholas Copernicus -

 

26.  Galileo Galilei -

 

27.  scientific method -

 

28.  Isaac Newton -

 

29.  Rene Descartes -

 

 

Define

1.  patron -

 

2.  humanism -

 

3.  perspective -

 

4.  indulgence -

 

5.  recant -

 

6.  predestination -

 

7.  theocracy - 

 

8.  annul -

 

9.  ghettos -

 

10.  heliocentric -

 

11.  gravity -

 

 

Answer

                1.  Describe 3 beliefs of Martin Luther.

                2.  Identify Johann Gutenberg and describe why his invention is

                                considered to be the most important invention of the last

                                millennium

 

                3.  What were the 95 Theses?

 

                4.  Identify 3 reasons why the Renaissance began in Italy.

 

 

                                      THE FIRST GLOBAL AGE: EUROPE AND ASIA

 

Identify

1. Prince Henry of Portugal -

 

2. Bartolomo  Dias -

 

3. Christopher Columbus -

 

4.  Amerigo Vespucci -

 

5.  Ferdinand Magellan -

 

6.  Southeast Asia -

 

7.  Pagan -

 

8. Khmer Empire -

 

9.  Ankor Wat -

 

10.  Srivijaya -

 

11.  Vietnam -

 

12.  Trung Trac and Trung Nhi -

 

13.  Portugal  -

 

14.  Afonso de Alberquerque -

 

15.  Dutch East India Company -

 

16.  British East India Company -

 

17.  trade with China -

 

18.  Matteo Ricci -

 

19.  Manchu Conquest -

 

20.  Kangxi -

21.  Qinglong -

 

22.  Lord Macartney -

 

23.  Korea -

 

24.  “Hermit Kingdom” -

 

25.  Tokugawa shoguns -

 

26.  trade with Japan -

 

Define

1.  cartographer -

 

2.  astrolabe -

 

3.  caravel -

 

4.  circumnavigate -

 

5.  sepoys -

 

6.  raj -

 

Answer

                1.  Compare the methods used by the Portuguese and the Dutch to

                                control the spice trade in Southeast Asia.

 

  1. Identify the major contribution of EACH of the following:

Cabral,Cabot, Cartier, Hudson, Balboa

 

                3.  Explain the two errors made by Columbus.

 

                4.  Describe the Line of Demarcation.

 

 

 

 

                  THE FIRST GLOBAL AGE: EUROPE, THE AMERICAS AND AFRICA

 

Identify

1.  Cortes -

 

2.  Montezuma -

 

3.  Quetzalcoatl -

 

4.  Tenochtitlan -

 

5.  Francisco Pizarro -

 

6.  Bartolome de las Casas -

 

7.  Brazil -

 

8.  New France -

 

9.  Pilgrims -

 

10.  Mayflower Compact -

 

11.  French and Indian War -

 

12.  Treaty of Paris -

 

13.  Native American influences -

 

14.  Atlantic slave trade -

 

15.  Middle Passage -

 

16.  Futa Toro -

 

17. Boers -

 

18.  Shaka -

 

19.  Great Trek -

 

 

Define

1.  conquistador -

 

2.  viceroy -

 

3.  plantations -

 

4.  encomiendas -

 

5.  peon -

 

6.  peninsulares -

 

7.  creoles -

 

8.  mestizos -

 

9.  mulattos -

 

10.  inflation -

 

11.  capitalism -

 

12.  entrepreneurs -

 

13.  joint stock company -

 

14.  mercantilism -

 

15.  tariff -

 

Answer

                1.  Describe the Columbian exchange.

 

                2.  List 4 reasons why the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztec and

                                Incan empires.

 

                3.  Describe the social class system in New Spain in order of importance.

 

 

                4.  List 2 ways the Atlantic slave trade affected Africa.

 

 

 

 

                                                                  THE AGE OF ABSOLUTISM

 

Identify

1.  Hapsburgs -

 

2.  Philip II -

 

3.  Francis Drake -

 

4.  expulsion of Muslims and Jews -

 

5.  Spanish Armada -

 

6.  Huguenots -

 

7.  St Bartholomew’s Day Massacre -

 

8. Cardinal Armand Richelieu -

 

9.  Cardinal Jules Mazarin -

 

10.  Fronde -

 

11.  Louis XIV -

 

12.  Jean Baptiste Colbert -

 

13.  Versailles -

 

14.  James I -

 

15.  Charles I -

 

16.  Cavaliers -

 

17.  Roundheads -

 

18.  Oliver Cromwell -

 

19.   Levellers -

 

20.  Glorious Revolution -

21.  Thirty Years’ War -

 

22.  Peace of Westphalia -

 

23.  Germany -

 

24.  Maria Theresa -

 

25.  Frederick II -

 

26.  War of Austrian Succession -

 

27.  Peter the Great -

 

28.  St Petersburg -

 

29.  Catherine the Great -

 

30.   warm water port -

 

31.  Poland -

 

32.  absolute monarchs in Europe -

 

 

Define

1.  absolute monarch -

 

2.  divine right -

 

3.  intendants -

 

4.  balance of power -

 

5.  limited monarchy -

 

6.  habeas corpus -

 

Answer

                1.  Explain 3 reasons why Spanish power declined in the 1600s.

 

                2.  List 4 terms of the English Bill of Rights.

 

                3.  Explain why Poland vanished from the map of Europe in the mid

                                1700s.

                4.  Describe the legacy of Peter the Great.