Week 11/30-12/18 QUIZ DEC 10
Erosion: The carrying away of materials from one place to another by wind, water, waves, or ice
Weathering: The breaking down and wearing away of rock material
Landforms: A natural structure on the Earth's surface, ex: mountains, plains, valleys, plateaus.
Deposition: The process by which material is eroded by water, wind, waves, or ice and are dropped into a new place
Wind: Moving air
Precipitation: Water that falls to the surface of the Earth such as rain, hail, sleet, or snow.
Glacier: A large body of moving ice.
Barriers: Materials that help slow down erosion.
Sediments: Pieces of rocks, soil, sand, shell, and remains of organisms.
Flow: A path by which large amounts of materials move across the land.
Week 10/26- Nov 20 QUIZ FRI NOV 20
Opaque: material that does not allow light to pass through it
Transparent: material that allows light to pass through it without changing the light
Natural Resources: Resources that are used by humans for energy sources, such as minerals, water, fossil fuels, and food sources
Renewable Resources: Natural resources that can be renewed or replaced by nature, such as food crops, trees, water, and animals
Nonrenewable resources: A resource that cannot be replaced in nature, such as minerals and metals, fossil fuels
Fossil Fuels: Materials from dead organisms that lived millions of years ago that are pressed together to form coal, petroleum (oil), natural gas, propane, and uranium
Inexhaustible Resources: resources that cannot be used completely, such as solar energy, ocean tides, and wind
Deposition: Process by which wind, water, and gravity leave eroded sediments in new locations
Pressure: The amount of force exerted on a given area by an object or substance
Organic Materials: Material broken down from dead organisms, such as decaying plants and animals
Week 10/8-10/23 QUIZ Wed Oct. 28
Light Energy: energy that travels as a wave and moves through the air, empty space and certain materials
Lens: an object used to refract light
Refraction: the bending of light that occurs when light moves from one material to another
Reflection: the bouncing of light from a surface
Microscope: a tool used to observe very small objects
Sound Energy: energy that travels as vibrations through matter that you can hear
Energy: the ability to cause changes in matter or to make things happen
Circuit: a closed path through which electricity travels
Conductor: a material that allows energy to pass through it easily and quickly
Insulator: a material that keeps energy from passing through it
Week of 8/31-9/18 : QUIZ Wed Sept. 16!!
Scientific Method: The process used to answer questions about the physical world
Matter: An object that takes up space and has mass
Liquid: A state of matter that has volume but no definite shape
Evaporation: The process in which liquid changes state to a gas
Physical Properties: The features in matter that can be observed (use your five senses)
Gas: A state of matter that has no definite volume or shape
Hypothesis: An educated prediction (guess) to answer a question (scientific method)
Mass: The amount of matter in an object (related to weight)
Solid: A state of matter that has a definite volume and shape
Condensation: The process in which gas changes state to a liquid