Civics -the branch of political science that deals with civic affairs and the rights and duties of citizens.
Citizenship - the status of a citizen with its attendant duties, rights, and privileges.
- A person owing loyalty to and entitled by birth or naturalization to the protection of a state or nation.
- A resident of a city or town, especially one entitled to vote and enjoy other privileges there.
Popular Sovereignty - Political doctrine that allowed the settlers of U.S. federal territories to decide whether to enter the Union as free or slave states.
Patriotism -Love of and devotion to one's country.
Right - That which is just, morally good, legal, proper, or fitting.
Naturalization - The act or process of naturalizing, esp. of investing an alien with the rights and privileges of a native or citizen; also, the state of being naturalized.
- Owing political allegiance to another country or government; foreign: alien residents.
- Belonging to, characteristic of, or constituting another and very different place, society, or person; strange. See synonyms at foreign.
- The act or process of governing, especially the control and administration of public policy in a political unit.
- The office, function, or authority of a governing individual or body.
- Exercise of authority in a political unit; rule.
- The agency or apparatus through which a governing individual or body functions and exercises authority.
- A governing body or organization, as:
- The ruling political party or coalition of political parties in a parliamentary system.
- The cabinet in a parliamentary system.
- The persons who make up a governing body.
Public Policy - The basic policy or set of policies forming the foundation of public laws, especially such policy not yet formally enunciated.
- Government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representatives.
- A political or social unit that has such a government.
- The common people, considered as the primary source of political power.
- Majority rule.
- The principles of social equality and respect for the individual within a community.
Direct Democracy - Democracy without representation, where those entitled to decide do so in sovereign assemblies, and where committees and executives are selected by lot rather than elected. Direct democracy was practised in ancient Athens, and was advocated by Rousseau. Rousseauvian ideals revived under the influence of the new left in the 1960s and some argue that modern information technology now makes direct democracy possible even in populous places.
The representatives form an independent ruling body (for an election period) charged with the responsibility of acting in the people's interest, but not as their proxy representatives—not necessarily always according to their wishes, but with enough authority to exercise swift and resolute initiative in the face of changing circumstances. It is often contrasted with direct democracy, where representatives are absent or are limited in power as proxy representatives.
A representative democracy that emphasizes individual liberty is a liberal democracy. One that does not is an illiberal democracy. There is no necessity that individual liberties be respected in a representative democracy.
Majority Rule - A doctrine by which a numerical majority of an organized group holds the power to make decisions binding on all in the group.