Language Arts Curriculum
Fifth grade Language Arts will emphasize study and the development of skills in the following academic areas.
- Establishing the purpose for reading different types of texts.
- Selecting texts for particular purposes based on text format.
- Using knowledge of phonics, syllables, prefixes, suffixes, etc., to decode and understand new words during reading.
- Identifying basic ideas and facts in text using appropriate reading strategies.
- Correctly identify and use words such as synonyms, homophones, homographs, root words, suffixes, and prefixes.
- Using dictionaries, thesauri, and related references.
- Identifying, understanding, and correctly using key vocabulary from various subject areas.
- Demonstrating understanding and interpretation after reading.
- Demonstrating fluency and comprehension.
Reading, Analyzing, and Interpreting Literature
- Reading, analyzing, and interpreting works of fiction including fables, folk tales, historical fiction, mysteries, contemporary fiction, humor, and science fiction.
- Reading, analyzing, and interpreting works of nonfiction including articles, autobiographies, biographies, and informational works.
- Reading, analyzing, and interpreting works of poetry including free verse, acrostic poems, haiku, and concrete poems.
- Reading, analyzing, and interpreting plays.
- Describing how authors use literary devices such as rhyme, rhythm, meter, personification, hyperbole, and metaphor to convey meaning.
Writing in Different Genres
- Writing poems, short plays, and multi-paragraph stories.
- Writing multi-paragraph informational pieces.
- Writing to persuade.
Producing Quality Writing
- Writing with a focus on topic, task, and audience.
- Using content appropriate for the topic.
- Using organization and logical order in writing.
- Understanding the role of style in composition.
- Revising to improve organization and word choice.
- Writing and editing using accepted conventions of language (i.e., spelling, punctuation, parts of speech, complete sentences).
- Following accepted practices for “publication” of finished work.
Knowing the Characteristics and Functions of the English Language
- Identifying the origins of commonly used English words.
- Identifying differences in formal and informal speech (e.g., dialect, slang, and jargon).
- Identifying word meanings that have changed over time (e.g., cool, mouse).
- Selecting and refining research topics.
- Locating information using appropriate sources and strategies.
- Organizing and presenting main ideas from research.
Independent Reading Genres
Students will be asked to engage in independent reading of quality youth literature throughout fifth grade. Projects based on the literature (book reports, posters, presentations, etc.) will be assigned. In-class work on these titles can consist of discussions, quizzes, work time to complete projects, time for sustained silent reading, studying vocabulary from the stories, or other activities. While selection of the particular titles that will be read may depend on availability of the titles from booksellers, examples of the covered genres and possible titles in these genres are included in the list below.
- Contemporary Youth Novel (Maniac Magee; Hatchet)
- Historical Novel (Number the Stars; To Be a Slave)
- Biography (Benjamin Franklin by Stephen Krensky; Our Golda: The Story of Golda Meir; Babe Didrikson by Susan Cayleff)
- Mystery (The Homework Machine; From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler)
- Science Fiction/Fantasy (A Wrinkle in Time; The Giver)