Fifth grade math will emphasize study and the development of skills in the following areas. Practical application of these concepts will be reinforced through word problems and other activities as appropriate.
Numbers and Their Relationships
1. Using expanded notation to represent whole numbers or decimals.
2. Fractions and Decimals.
3. Concepts of prime and composite numbers.
4. Concepts of negative numbers.
5. Representing numbers in various ways through primes, factors, multiples, and composites.
Computing and Estimating
1. Solving word problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers, fractions, and decimals.
2. Rounding numbers.
3. Determining the reasonableness of problem answers through estimation.
4. Apply estimation strategies to problem solving.
Measurement and Estimation
1. Measuring quantities (e.g., perimeter, volume, area, weight, time, and temperature.
2. Measuring figures with regard to their length, width, perimeter, and area.
3. Measuring objects.
4. Converting linear measurements (U.S. vs. metric).
5. Adding and subtracting measurements.
1. Developing a plan to analyze a problem.
2. Explaining solutions to problems using appropriate mathematical terms and symbols.
3. Using appropriate problem-solving strategies including solving simpler problems or drawing diagrams.
Statistics and Data Analysis
1. Organizing and displaying data using pictures, tables, bar graphs, and circle graphs.
2. Describing sets of data using mode, median, mean, average, and range.
3. Sorting data using Venn diagrams.
4. Predicting the likely occurrence of a condition based on data analysis.
5. Constructing and defending conclusions based on data.
Probability and Predicting
1. Performing simulations using dice and spinners to predict the chance of an event occurring.
2. Expressing probabilities as fractions and decimals.
3. Comparing predictions.
4. Calculating probability of simple events.
5. Determining patterns based on probability experiments.
6. Determining probability using operators like “or,” “and,” or “not.”
7. Finding possible combinations involving variables.
1. Defining geometric figures.
2. Classifying and comparing quadrilaterals and triangles according to their sides or angles.
3. Identifying and measuring circles, determining their radius and diameter.
4. Representing and using concepts of lines, points, and planes.
5. Defining basic properties of squares, pyramids, parallelograms, quadrilaterals, trapezoids, polygons, rectangles, rhombuses, circles, triangles, cubes, prisms, spheres, and cylinders.