Unit 3 Study Guide

Parts of this study guide are incomplete due to not being able to include the images on this page.   

Vocabulary:  Fill in the blank.

0.  The ability to do work is _____________.

1.  Stored energy is _____________ energy.

2.  Energy in motion is _____________ energy.

3.  Be able to label a picture as showing kinetic or potential energy.

4.  _____________ potential energy depends on position.

5-8 Be able to look at pictures, and pick out which points have the greatest amounts of potential and kinetic energy.

 9.  Most energy originates from the _____________.

Renewable Resources:  Fill in the blank.

10.  Energy within the earth. _____________

11.  Energy from flowing water. _____________

12.  Energy from burning of dead plants, for example wood. _____________

13.  Energy from air movement. _____________

14.  Energy from the sun. _____________

List 1 advantages and 1 disadvantage of each renewable resource.

Solar1

5.   _____________(+) advantage 

16.  _____________(-) disadvantage

Wind

17.  _____________(+)

18.  _____________(-)

Hydropower19.  _____________(+)

20.  _____________(-)

Geothermal

21.  _____________(+)

22.  _____________(-)

Biomass

23.  _____________(+)

24.  _____________(-)

Nonrenewable Resources:  Fill in the blank.

25.  Energy rich substances formed from the remains of dead organisms are _____________ fuels.

26.  A fossil fuel that we drill for. _____________

27.  Propane is an example of this fossil fuel. _____________

28.  We burn _____________ in coal power plants for electricity.

29.   Comes from the inside of the nucleus of an atom. _____________

List 1 advantages and 1 disadvantage of each nonrenewable resource.

Oil

30.  _____________(+) 

31.  _____________(-)

Natural Gas

32.  _____________(+)

33.  _____________(-)

Coal

34.  _____________(+)

35. _____________(-)

Nuclear

36.  _____________(+)

37.  _____________(-)

Fill in the blank.

38.  Which energy sources do not originate from the sun?         __________________________

Types of Energy:  Fill in the blank.

39.  A battery is an example of _____________ energy.

40.  Food is an example of _____________ energy.

41.  Fuels burning are an example of _____________ energy.

42.  Fission and Fusion are examples of _____________ energy.

43.  Pedaling on a bicycle is an example of _____________ energy.

44.  This energy is required in the process of photosynthesis. _____________

45.  _____________ energy is carried by electrons.

46.  _____________ energy is given off from a fire for warmth.

Energy Transformations:  Fill in the blank.

47.  The __________________________ states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, it only changes form.

48.  Every time energy is transformed, ____________ is lost or produced from the conversion.

Energy Transfer Examples:  Write out the energy transfer of each example.

49.  Toaster toasting bread-Eating the toast-Energy to move throughout the day.___________________________________________________________________

50.  Sunlight-Plant growth.___________________________________________________

51.  Outlet-Lighting of a light bulb._____________________________________________________________

52.  Coal burning-Electricity._______________________________________________

53.  Eating pizza-Dancing._______________________________________________________

54.  Fusion of helium and hydrogen in the sun-Sunlight.______________________________________________

55.  Battery-iPod turning on._______________________________________________________

56.  Turbine moving-Generator producing electricity. _____________________________________

57-80:  Be able to look at energy transformation pictures and identify each type of energy being transferred.