Chapter 4 Project Planning Notes


VOCABULARY: audio - The portions of the video project that include sound (dialogue, music, or background sounds. 

brainstorming - Creatively identifying and listing possibleideas and topics for a project.    

character generator - A video component that allows the typing of words and simple graphics onto the video screen.  

font - A lettery type or style used in character generation.  

script - The written portion of the video project that depicts the "spoken" part of the audio components.  

storyboarding - The process of planning a video project that includes drawing a simple sketch of the desired shot, planning the accompanying audio, and estimating the duration of each element.  

topic elements - The information, concepts, and ideas about the topic that are to be included in the video program.         

Steps to Project Planning: 1. Topic selection       

*Brainstorming is an excellent way to generate ideas for a video program. 

During a brainstorming session, the production crew generates or submits ideas for topics, pros and cons of these ideas are discussed and some suggestions are eliminated minimizing the topic list to one or two good ideas. 

*Some items discussed during brainstorming should include:

-Is the idea feasible/possible?  Do you have the ability and

resources to produce the project?

-Are the time constraints realistic?  Can the project be produced

within the established time frame?

-Is the topic politically and socially acceptable? 

Does it meet the school's code of conduct and guidelines? 

2. Identifying topic elements After successfully identifying your topic as feasible and viable, you must consider which key elements of your topic to include in the video project.  Consider project length when choosing elements to include.  You will not be able to include as much in a two minute project as opposed to a ten minute project.  

3. Topic approaches The approach or point of view of your topic is what makes your project unique and interesting to the viewer.    Creative approaches include unique camera angles, special effects, dazzling postproduction and editing, good scriptwriting or on-camera talent.   A topic may be approached as a: 

*Dramatization- A "movie-like" view on the subject. 

*Documentary- A non-fictional stories that is perhaps narrated by a single individual. The goal of a documentary is not to develop a fictional story, but essentially to tell a realistic and true story by presenting facts and interviews. 

*News report-  Includes facts about a topic, interviews with various viewpoints, tips. 

*Commercial- Includes unique videography, narration, music and graphics to create interest and sell a product.   

4. Scriptwriting - When working on a documentary, commercial, or public service announcement you must write your script first then video tape.  When working on a news story, you must gather all your facts and interviews first and then write your script.    

5. Storyboarding The process of planning a video production by drawing a simple sketch of the desired video shot, writing an audio portion and listing the estimated time for the sequence/camera shot.  Storyboarding tips:       

*Complete audio portion first       

*Keep it simple       

 *Draw the actual shot       

*Consider point of view       

*Write notes about types of shots you will need       

*Estimate length of each shot               

6. Graphics Guidelines: 

·Be aware of character size as it relates to how your video will be viewed.  Is your video going to be viewed close up or at a distance? 

·Use a variety of fonts. 

·Use high-contrast colors and shades.  (Dark font on light background or light font on dark background.) 

·When using a transparent background, beware of the contrast between the

background video and the color of the font.   

·Don't overcrowd a page.  (No more than two to three lines of graphics per page are recommended.)   

·Keep it simple. 

·Check your spelling and grammar.