chapter 1 review

Chapter 1 Review Questions

(Student textbook pages 45–7)

1. a

2. b

3. c

6. c

7. d

8. e

 

9. It allows scientists to communicate easily and reduces confusion.

 

12. same genus

 

13. a. False, all bacteria are prokaryotes.

b. True

c. False, the phylogenetic species concept classifies organisms based on their evolutionary histories.

 

14. They belong to the same genus but different species.

 

18. I would use Table 1.6 to determine what kingdom it belongs in. It belongs in kingdom Fungi.

 

32. Answers should show that the determination of species may need further study, such as whether or not the off spring are fertile.

 

34. Binomial nomenclature is universally accepted. Common names are regional and can lead to confusion.

 

Chapter 1 Self-Assessment Questions

(Student textbook pages 48–9)

1. d

3. e

4. d

5. a

6. b

7. e

 

11. Protista

 

18. The disease killed them all. They were not genetically diverse and had no immunity.

 

20. Eukaryotic cells have internal membranes; prokaryotic cells do not (see Figure 1.14).

 

 

22. fungi – multicellular, cell walls, heterotrophic