Chapter 26-3 Lecture Notes

Primate Evolution
Chapter 26.3

Activating Prior Knowledge

 Read “Think about it” on page 765

 

 Define Vocabulary

Binocular  vision

Anthropoid

Prehensile tail

Hominoid

Hominine

Bipedal

Opposable thumb

What is a Primate?

 A primate is a mammal that has:

-Long fingers and toes with nails instead of claws

-Arms that can rotate around shoulder joints

-A strong clavicle

-Binocular  vision

-A well developed Cerebrum

Examples of Primates

 Primates include lemurs, monkeys and apes.

 

Evolution of Primates

 

See Figure 26-15 shows that some mammals can be traced back to a common primate ancestor.
 
Some mammals are more closely related than others.
 
 
Hominine Evolution
 
 
The skull, neck, spinal column, hip bones and leg bones of early hominine species changed shape in ways that enabled later species to walk upright.
 
See Figure 26-16
 
 
Classification Terminology
 
 

All living things have a common name and a scientific name.

An organisms scientific name is made up of two parts: The Genus and the species.

Example: Common name- Humans

Scientific name: Homo Sapien

 

Assessment

 Complete 26.3 Assessment. Questions 1-4 (Both A & B for each question)

Answers in a complete sentence, you may use the same paper as your notes.

We will go over the answers together in class.