English Language Arts Study Guide Test Tuesday, April 30th
**A noun is a person, place, or thing.
**A common noun names any person place or thing. Cat, house, boy, spoon
**A proper noun identifies an exact or specific person, place or thing. A proper noun is always capitalized.
Eiffel Tower, George Washington, Woodland Park, Park Street, Statue of Liberty
Plural Noun Rules The correct spelling of plurals usually depends on what letter the singular noun ends in.
1 To make regular nouns plural, add ‑s to the end.
cat – cats house – houses
2 If the singular noun ends in ‑s, -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, or -z, add ‑es to the end to make it plural.
dress – dresses bus – buses marsh – marshes lunch – lunches tax – taxes fizz-fizzes
3 In some cases, singular nouns ending in -s or -z, require that you double the -s or -z prior to adding the -es for pluralization.
fez – fezzes gas –gasses
4 If the noun ends with ‑f or ‑fe, the f is changed to ‑ve before adding the -s to form the plural version.
wife – wives wolf – wolves loaf—loaves half- halves
5 If a singular noun ends in ‑y and the letter before the -y is a consonant, change the ending to ‑ies to make the noun plural. city – cities puppy – puppies
6 If the singular noun ends in -y and the letter before the -y is a vowel, simply add an -s to make it plural. ray – rays boy – boys
7 If the singular noun ends in ‑o, add ‑es to make it plural.
potato – potatoes tomato – tomatoes
8If the singular noun ends in ‑us, the plural ending is frequently ‑i.
cactus – cacti focus – foci platypus-platypi
9 If the singular noun ends in ‑is, the plural ending is ‑es.
analysis – analyses ellipsis – ellipses
10 If the singular noun ends in ‑on, the plural ending is ‑a.
phenomenon – phenomena criterion – criteria
11 Some nouns don’t change at all when they’re pluralized.
sheep – sheep scissors-scissors trout-trout salmon-salmon deer-deer fish-fish
Plural Noun Rules for Irregular Nouns Irregular nouns follow no specific rules. The spelling changes to make it a plural.
child – children goose – geese man – men woman – women
tooth – teeth foot – feet mouse – mice person – people
The three main types of adjectives are descriptive adjectives, quantitative adjectives, and demonstrative adjectives.
- Descriptive adjectives describe the characteristics of a noun. How the noun looks, feels, smells, tastes Examples: blue, shiny, tall, soft, happy, stinky
- Quantitative adjectives tell how many of the noun. Examples: ten, several, many, few
- Demonstrative adjectives answer the question which one? They point out particular nouns. Some demonstrative adjectives are this, that, these, and those. Example: “He bought that sweater.” That is a demonstrative adjective that describes which sweater we’re referring to.
English Language Arts terms glossary linkhttp://www.usingenglish.com/glossary/
Grammar Enrichment Games
Awesome Analogies Game
*Learning Vocabulary Can Be Fun
*Little Animals Activity Center
*Internet Picture Dictionary
*Easy Vocabulary Quizzes
Character Traits and Motivation
- Similarities and Differences in Characters- Determine what makes characters alike
- Character Traits- Determine what the character will do based on a short passage
Declarative, Imperative, Interrogative, and Exclamatory Sentences
- Punctuation Paintball - Pick a level. Click on the correct punctuation then click on the part of the sentence that needs changing and fire!
- Sentence Clubhouse- Choose the correct punctuation and correct the sentence
Compare and Contrast
- A Fishy Story - read story online, then answer questions in Word or Works, or on paper
- Compare and Contrast - see two examples, find out about "flavors" of compare and contrast, then see strategies
- Compare and Contrast - practice quizzes
- Dig It! - interactive story predicting the outcome
- Compare and Contrast - online practice
Subject and Predicate
- Parts of a Sentence - select naming part or telling part (subject/predicate)
Compound Subjects and Predicates
- Subject and Predicate Review-This is a game to help review the difference between complete subjects/predicates, simple subjects/predicates, and compound subjects/predicates
- Complete, Subject or Predicate- Game/Quiz
Simple and Compound Sentences
- Sentence Sort- - Select the correct type of sentences; simple, compound, or complex
- Sentence Structure - Select correct sentence structure that is underlined in the sentences.
- Sentence Structure - Select correct sentence structure
Author's Purpose and Perspective
- Establish a Purpose for Writing - tutorial and many online practices
- Fact/Opinion/Habit - online quiz
Clauses, Phrases and Complex Sentences
- Phrases and Clauses - online quiz
- Combining Sentences - online quiz; Quiz Two; Quiz Three
- Complex and Compound Sentences - online quiz
- Revising Sentence Fragments - Rewrite sentence to make a complete sentence
- Sentence Structure Review - This page has several exercises in reviewing: Incomplete sentences, Run-on sentences; Correctly written sentences that should be combined; Correctly written sentences that do not need to be rewritten.
- Verb Phrases -Identify the complete verb phrase in each sentence (scores are kept)