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English II Vocabulary

Vocab Unit #1 – All Types of People

1.  amateur:  (n) a person who engages in some art, science, sport, etc.

                                    for the pleasure of it rather than for money;

                                    nonprofessional;

                        (adj) of or done by amateurs; amateurish

2.  assassin:  (n) one who kills someone of importance

3.  bachelor:  (n) an unmarried man

4.  bursar:  (n) a treasurer at a college or similar institution

5.  cynic:  (n) one who is critical of society;  one who believes that

                                    people are motivated in all their actions only by

                                    selfishness; one who is sarcastic or sneering; one who

                                    denies the sincerity of people’s motives and actions

6.  dupe:  (n) one who is easily fooled

                    (v) to deceive by trickery; to fool or cheat

7.  feminist:  (n) one who strives for equality for women

8.  journalist:  (n) one whose occupation consists of gathering,

                                    writing, editing, and publishing the news

9.  miser:  (n) one who is stingy

10.  nomad:  (n) member of a tribe or group with no permanent home

11.  orator:  (n) an eloquent public speaker

12.  orthodontist: (n) a dentist whose specialty is straightening teeth

13.  traitor:  (n) one who betrays his or her country, a cause, or friend

14.  tyrant:  (n)  a cruel, obsessive ruler

15.  virtuoso: (n) one who displays great technical skill in some fine art

 

Eng II Vocab Unit #2 – An Interesting Combination of Words

1.  absurd:  (adj) so clearly untrue or unreasonable as to be laughable or

                                       ridiculous

 

2.  arable:  (adj) suitable for plowing, hence producing crops

 

3.  bibliography:  (n) a list of sources of information on a given subject,

                                                period, etc.

 

4.  commiserate:  (v) to condole (to express sympathy) or sympathize with

 

5.  deceive:  (v) to make a person believe what is not true; to delude; to mislead;

 

6.  fatal:  (adj) important in its outcome; fateful; decisive; resulting in

                                    death; very destructive; disastrous

 

7.  foster:  (v) to bring up with care; rear; to help grow or develop; to

stimulate

 

8.  glimmer:  (v) to give a faint, flickering light; to appear or be seen

                                     faintly or dimly

                             (n) a faint, flickering light

 

9.  meticulous:  (adj) extremely or excessively careful about details; finicky

 

10.  publicize:  (v) to give publicity to; to draw attention to

 

11.  rave:  (v) to talk incoherently or wildly, as in a delirious or demented

                                    state;

                        (adj) enthusiastic, glowing

 

12.  restrict: (v) to keep within certain limits; to put limitations on; to confine

 

13.  rustic:  (n) a country person, esp. one regarded as unsophisticated,

                                    simple, or awkward

                        (adj) of or living in the country

 

14.  serpentine:  (adj)  of or like a serpent; coiled or twisted; winding

                                    (n)  something that twists or coils like a snake

 

15.  subdue: (v) to bring into subjection; to conquer; to control; to make

                                    less intense; to reduce; to diminish

Eng II Vocab Unit #3 – All in the Family 

1.  adoption:  (n) taking another into one’s own family by legal process

 

2.  akin: (adj) related through a common ancestor; having similar

                             qualities; similar

 

3.  clan:  (n) social group bearing the same family name and having a

                           common ancestor; a group of; clique; set

 

4.  fraternal: (adj) characteristic of a brother; brotherly

 

5.  generation: (n) average period (about 30 yrs.) between the birth of

                                        one group and that of the next

 

6.  heritage: (n) birthright; something handed down from one’s

       ancestors or the past, such as property or a characteristic

 

7.  kin: (n) relatives; family; kinfolk; kindred

 

8.  lineage:  (n) direct descent from an ancestor

 

9.  maternal: (adj) of, like, or characteristic of a mother; motherly

 

10.  matriarch: (n) a mother who rules her family or tribe; highly

                                         respected elderly woman

 

11.  paternal:  (adj) of, like, or characteristic of a father; fatherly

 

12.  patriarch:  (n) the father or ruler of a family or tribe;

man of great age or dignity

 

13.  relative:  (adj) related to each other; relevant, connected with

 

14.  sibling:  (n) one of two or more persons born of the same parent(s)

 

15.  spouse:  (n) partner in marriage, one’s husband or wife

 

Eng II Vocab Unit #4 – Skilled – or not so Skilled 

1.  adroit:  (adj) skillful in a physical or mental way; clever; expert

 

2.  anarchist:  (n) a person who believes in or advocates anarchy or the

                                    complete absence of government

 

3.  astute:  (adj) having or showing a clever or shrewd mind; wily

 

4.  competent:  (adj) well qualified; capable; fit; sufficient; able

 

5.  crafty:  (adj) subtly deceitful; sly; cunning; artful

 

6.  crass:  (adj) grossly stupid or dull; tasteless, insensitive, or coarse;

                                    money-grubbing, blatantly materialistic

 

7.  endowed:  (v) provided with some talent, quality, etc.; gave money or

                                    property so as to provide an income for a college,

                                    hospital, etc. 

 

8.  exemplary:  (adj) serving as a model or example; worth imitating;

                                    serving as a warrant or deterrent; illustrative

 

9.  expertise:  (n) the skill, knowledge, judgment of an expert

 

10.  imaginative:  (adj) having, using, or showing imagination; having

                                    great creative powers;  given to imagining

 

11.  inept:  (adj) not suitable to the purpose; unfit; clumsy or bungling

 

12.  insufficient: (adj) not enough; inadequate; not sufficient

 

13.  masterful: (adj) having or showing the ability of an expert; fond of

                                    acting the part of a master

 

14.  outcast:  (n) a person or thing cast out or rejected, as by society

 

15.  skillful:  (adj) having or showing skill; accomplished

 

Eng II Vocab Unit #5 – Here, There, and Everywhere 

1.  abound:  (v) to be plentiful, to exist in large numbers or amounts

 

2.  accessible:  (adj) easy to approach or enter; obtainable

 

3.  clutter:  (n) a number of things scattered in disorder; jumble

 

4.  copious:  (adj) very plentiful; abundant; wordy, full of information

 

5.  cosmopolitan:  (adj) common or representative of all or many parts of the world

 

6.  domestic:  (adj) having to do with home or housekeeping

 

7.  legendary:  (adj) based on, of, or presented in legends; remarkable

 

8.  longevity:  (n) great span of life; length or duration of life

 

9.  plague: (n) contagious epidemic that is deadly; calamity; scourge

                           (v) to afflict; to vex; to harass; to torment

 

10.  proximity: (n) state or quality of being near; nearness in time, space

 

11.  random:  (adj) lacking aim or method; purposeless; not uniform

 

12.  teem: (v) to be full; to pour; to abound; to swarm

 

13.  tether: (n) a rope or chain fastened to an animal to keep it within certain bounds; the limit of

                        one’s abilities or resources

 

14.  trek:  (n) journey; migration; a short trip on foot

                     (v) to travel slowly and laboriously

 

15.  waif:  (n) a person without home or friends

Eng II Vocab Unit #6 – Smart – or not so Smart 

1.  acute: (adj)  having a sharp point; keen or quick of mind; shrewd

 

2.  brilliant: (adj)  possessing keen intelligence, great talent, or skill

 

3.  buffoon: (n)  a person who is always trying to be funny; clown

 

4.  dense: (adj)  slow to understand; thick

 

5.  impostor: (n)  a person who deceives or cheats others, especially by

                                       pretending to be someone or something he/she is not

 

6.  incisive: (adj)  sharp; keen; penetrating; cutting into

 

7.  inventive: (adj)  skilled in inventing; creative

 

8.  judicious: (adj)  having, applying, or showing sound judgment; wise

                                          and careful

 

9.  prodigy: (n)  a person, thing, or act so extraordinary as to inspire

                           wonder, especially a child of highly unusual talent or genius

 

10.  quack: (n) an untrained person who practices medicine fraudulently

 

11.  rational: (adj)  derived from reasoning; not foolish or silly; sensible

 

12.  sage: (n)  a very wise man, especially an elderly man widely

                             respected for his wisdom, experience, and judgment

 

13.  savvy: (adj)  shrewdness or understanding; know-how

 

14.  vigilant: (adj)  staying watchful and alert to danger or trouble

 

15.  witty: (adj)  having, showing, or characterized by wit; cleverly

                                     amusing

Eng II Vocab Unit #7 – A Bit Different 1.  adolescent: (n) a teenaged person 

2.  convict:  (n) a person found guilty of a crime and sentenced by a court                          

(v) to prove (a person) guilty 

3.  despot:  (n) an absolute ruler; king with unlimited powers 

4.  eerie: (adj) strange; odd; weird 

5.  fanatic: (adj) unreasonably enthusiastic; overly zealous                         

(n)  a person whose extreme zeal goes beyond reason 

6.  fugitive:  (n) person who flees, or has fled, from danger, justice, etc. 

7.  lame duck:  (n) an elected official whose term extends beyond the time of the election at which he/she was not reelected 

8.  maestro: (n) a master in any art; esp. a great composer or conductor 

9.  maverick:  (n) an unbranded animal; a person who takes an independent stand, as in politics, refusing to conform to a party or group 

10.  parasite: (n) a person who lives at the expense of another without making any useful contribution or return; hanger-on 

11.  serf:  (n) a person in feudal servitude, bound to his master’s land 

12.  turncoat:  (n) a person who goes over to the opposite side; traitor 

13.  wanton:  (adj) undisciplined; unrestrained; recklessly ignoring justice, decency, morality, etc. 

14.  xenophobe:  (n) one who fears or hates strangers, foreigners, or anything foreign or strange 

15.  zany:  (adj) comical in an extravagantly ludicrous manner; foolish

Eng II Vocab Unit #8 – How, or not How, to Say It 

1.  conversant: (adj) familiar or acquainted with, esp. as a result of study or experience 

2.  curt: (adj) brief, esp. to the point of rudeness; terse or brusque; blunt 

3.  debate: (v) to discuss opposing reasons; to argue 

4.  dialogue: (n) a talking together; conversation; interchange of ideas 

5.  digress: (v) to turn aside; esp. to depart temporarily from the main subject in talking or writing; to ramble 

6.  disclaim: (v) to give up or renounce an claim to or connection with 

7. dissuade: (v) to turn a person aside by persuasion or advice 

8.  feud: (n) a bitter, long-continued, and deadly quarrel, esp. between clans or families 

9.  forthright:  (adj) outspoken; frank; direct; straightforward 

10.  interrupt: (v) to break into or in upon a discussion, train of thought, etc.   

11.  mediate: (v) to be in an intermediate position or location; to be an intermediary between persons or sides 

12.  paraphrase: (n) a rewording of the meaning expressed in something spoken or written 

13.  quibble: (v) to evade the truth of the point in discussion by hedging 

14.  retort: (v) to turn an insult, epithet, deed, etc. back upon the person from whom it came; to answer in kind 

15.  verbose: (adj) using or containing too many words; long-winded 

 

Eng II Vocab Unit #9 – Gone! 

1.  abdicate:  (v) to give up formally (a high office, a throne, authority); to

                        surrender or repudiate (a right, responsibility)

 

2.  abstain:  (v) to hold oneself back: to voluntarily do without

 

3.  annihilate:  (v) to destroy completely; to put out of existence

 

4.  depression:  (n) low spirits; gloominess; dejection; a decrease in force

 

5.  dismantle:  (v) to strip of covering; to take apart

 

6.  dissolve:  (v) to make or become liquid; to melt; to break up

 

7.  eject:  (v) to throw out; to cast out; to expel

 

8.  elude:  (v) to avoid or escape from by quickness, cunning, etc.

 

9.  erode:  (v) to eat into; to wear away; to disintegrate

 

10.  kleptomaniac:  (n)  one who has an abnormal, persistent impulse or

                        tendency to steal, not prompted by need

 

11.  lack:  (n) to fact or condition of not having enough; shortage

                        (v) to be in need; to fall short

 

12.  penury:  (n) lack of money, property, or necessities; extreme poverty

 

13.  porous:  (adj) full of tiny openings through which fluids, light, or air may

                        pass

 

14.  purge:  (v) to cleanse or rid of impurities, foreign matter, or undesirable

                        elements; to cleanse of guilt or sin

 

15.  ransack:  (v) to search thoroughly; to examine every part of in searching;

                        to pillage; to rob

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