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Zo Animal Behavior

Animal Behavior

p. 766-768

 

Proximate Causation

nRevolves around ____________________ animals behave

nStudied experimentally

Biologists look for the ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­_________________________________or ____________________________causes of behavior

§Ex: singing of a male white-throated sparrow in the spring may be explained in terms of _______________________ or _______________________ mechanisms

 

Ultimate Causation

nRevolves around ________________________ animals behave the way they do

nEvolutionary ____________________ and ___________________ of behaviors

nStudied using _______________________________ methodology

Applying _________________________________ analysis to understand __________________________________ changes in behavior and their associated ____________________________________ and environmental context

 

Comparative Psychology

nDeveloped from efforts to find general ____________________ of behavior that apply to many species

nEarly research depended heavily on ___________________________

nMore recent research depends on __________________________ experimental approaches

 

Ethology

nAims to describe the behavior of an animal in its _______________________ _____________________

nData gathered through ______________________ observation and experiments, or ______________________________ based experiments

nEmphasizes the importance of _______________________________________ of behavior

nCentral theme – ___________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

 

Behavioral Ecology

nDetermine how individuals are expected to behave to maximize ________________________________________ success

 

Sociobiology

nThe _______________________________________ study of social behavior

Reciprocal communication of a cooperative nature (transcending mere sexual activity) that permits a group of organisms of the same species to become organized in a cooperative manor

§____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

 
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