Mr. Kaelin


Social Studies 

I will have a vocabulary test every Friday! And I will post study information for other quizes and tests during the year.




Vocabulary Words                   (Week 8 Review) 

Absolute location – a specific description of where a place is located
Cartography – the science of making maps
Climate – a region’s average weather conditions over a long period
Continents – large landmasses
Deforestation – the result of clearing of trees
Desertification – the spread of desert like conditions
Earthquakes – sudden, violent movements of Earth’s crust
Ecosystem – is a group of plants and animals that depend on each other for survival and the environment in which they live
Environment – the land, water, climate, plants and animals of an area
Erosion –is the movement of sediment from one location to the other
Extinct – when a species dies out
Fossil fuels – nonrenewable resources that formed from remains of ancient plants and animals
Freshwater – water without salt
Front – The place where two air masses of different temperatures or moisture content meet
Geography – the study of the world, its people, and the landscapes they create
Glaciers – large areas of slow moving ice
Globe – a spherical model of the entire planet
Groundwater – Water found below Earth’s surface
Habitat – is the place where a plant or animal lives
Human geography – the study of the world’s people, communities, and landscapes
Humus – decayed plant or animal matter
Hydroelectric power – the production of electricity from waterpower
Landforms – are shapes on the planet’s surface
Landscape – the human and physical features that make a place unique
Latitude – the distance north or south of Earth’s equator
Lava – magma that reaches Earth’s surface
Map – a flat drawing that shows part of the Earth’s surface
Monsoons – seasonal winds that bring dry or moist air
Natural resource – is any material in nature that people use and value
Nonrenewable resources – are resources that cannot be replaced
Ocean currents – large streams of surface seawater 
Permafrost – permanently frozen layers of soil
Physical geography – the study of the world’s physical features its landforms, bodies of water, climates, soils, and plants
Plate tectonics – theory that suggests Earth’s surface is divided into a dozen or so slow moving plates, or pieces of Earth’s crust
Precipitation – Water that falls to the Earth’s surface as rain, snow, sleet, or hail
Prevailing winds – are winds that blow in the same direction over large areas of Earth
Reforestation – planting trees to replace lost forestland
Region – a part of the world with one or more common features distinguishing it from surrounding areas
Relative location – a general description of where a place is located
Renewable resources – are resources Earth replaces naturally
Revolution – one trip of Earth around the sun
Rotation – one complete spin of Earth on its axis
Savannas – areas of tall grasses and scattered trees and shrubs
Social science – a field that studies people and relationships among them
Solar energy – energy from the sun
Steppes – semidry grasslands or prairies
Surface water – water that is found in Earth’s streams, rivers, and lakes
Tropics – regions close to the equator
Water Cycle – the movement of water from Earth’s surface to the atmosphere and back
Water Vapor – Water that incurs in the air as invisible gas
Weather – the short-term changes in the air for a given place and time
Weathering – the process by which rock is broken down into smaller pieces