WELCOME TO MR. KAELIN'S WORLD GEORGRAPHY CLASS!
I will have a vocabulary test every Friday! And I will post study information for other quizes and tests during the year.
Vocabulary Words (Week 8 Review)
Absolute location – a specific description of where a place is located Cartography – the science of making maps Climate – a region’s average weather conditions over a long period Continents – large landmasses Deforestation – the result of clearing of trees Desertification – the spread of desert like conditions Earthquakes – sudden, violent movements of Earth’s crust Ecosystem – is a group of plants and animals that depend on each other for survival and the environment in which they live Environment – the land, water, climate, plants and animals of an area Erosion –is the movement of sediment from one location to the other Extinct – when a species dies out Fossil fuels – nonrenewable resources that formed from remains of ancient plants and animals Freshwater – water without salt Front – The place where two air masses of different temperatures or moisture content meet Geography – the study of the world, its people, and the landscapes they create Glaciers – large areas of slow moving ice Globe – a spherical model of the entire planet Groundwater – Water found below Earth’s surface Habitat – is the place where a plant or animal lives Human geography – the study of the world’s people, communities, and landscapes Humus – decayed plant or animal matter Hydroelectric power – the production of electricity from waterpower Landforms – are shapes on the planet’s surface Landscape – the human and physical features that make a place unique Latitude – the distance north or south of Earth’s equator Lava – magma that reaches Earth’s surface Map – a flat drawing that shows part of the Earth’s surface Monsoons – seasonal winds that bring dry or moist air Natural resource – is any material in nature that people use and value Nonrenewable resources – are resources that cannot be replaced Ocean currents – large streams of surface seawater Permafrost – permanently frozen layers of soil Physical geography – the study of the world’s physical features – its landforms, bodies of water, climates, soils, and plants Plate tectonics – theory that suggests Earth’s surface is divided into a dozen or so slow moving plates, or pieces of Earth’s crust Precipitation – Water that falls to the Earth’s surface as rain, snow, sleet, or hail Prevailing winds – are winds that blow in the same direction over large areas of Earth Reforestation – planting trees to replace lost forestland Region – a part of the world with one or more common features distinguishing it from surrounding areas Relative location – a general description of where a place is located Renewable resources – are resources Earth replaces naturally Revolution – one trip of Earth around the sun Rotation – one complete spin of Earth on its axis Savannas – areas of tall grasses and scattered trees and shrubs Social science – a field that studies people and relationships among them Solar energy – energy from the sun Steppes – semidry grasslands or prairies Surface water – water that is found in Earth’s streams, rivers, and lakes Tropics – regions close to the equator Water Cycle – the movement of water from Earth’s surface to the atmosphere and back Water Vapor – Water that incurs in the air as invisible gas Weather – the short-term changes in the air for a given place and time Weathering – the process by which rock is broken down into smaller pieces