Study Guides for Tests-2011

Chapter 1 Study Guide

   
  1. Give three examples of renewable resources and three examples of nonrenewable resources.
 
  1. How did humans alter their habitat for the: agricultural revolution, industrial revolution and as hunter-gathers
 
  1. What were three effects of the industrial revolution?
 
  1. What are three fields that contribute to environmental science?
 
  1. In which type of country would we expect to see population increasing the most rapidly?  Give three examples.
 
  1. Using scientific information from chemistry and biology to devise a plan to clean up a lake and make it healthy again describes which type of science?
 
  1. Why is the loss of biodiversity a major concern for humans?  How do we depend on biodiversity?
 
  1. How does environmental science differ from ecology?
 
  1. What happened to plants and animals during the agricultural revolution?
 
  1. Define biodegradable.  List some examples.
 
  1. How can we deplete renewable resources?  Give an example.
 
  1. What are three examples of env. science being used to solve problems?
 
  1. Man-made substances like fertilizer can change the environment.  Give 3 examples
 
  1. What do we know about the population dynamics of developed countries.
 
  1. What is tragedy of the commons?  What conflict may result?
 
  1. What is a sustainable world?
 
  1. According to the law supply demand what would happen if the supply of oil declined
 
  1. What is an ecological footprint?
 
  1. What can be said about the health standards of developed countries compared to developing
 
  1. What are some examples of developed and developing countries.  Which do you think would leave a larger ecological footprint
 
  1. During which historical time period did most of our serious environmental problems start
 
  1. Define the law of supply and demand
 
  1. What is cohesion
 
  1. Define biodiversity

Chapter 2 and 3 Test Study Guide (2011; SEV1a; SEV1d) 

1.     Define statistics

2.     What is the control group?

3.     Why do scientists examine correlations?

4.     Why do scientists use statistics?

5.     What is a mean?

6.     What is a physical model and give an example

7.     What is risk

8.     list the steps of the scientific method

9.     Give 3 reasons why mathematical models are useful.

10.                        List 3 examples of a scientists making an observation

11.                        In a scientific investigation, what is important about the sample size

12.                        What are some characteristics of a good, well planned experiment

13.                        What are the steps of the Environmental Decision making process

14.                        What are plate tectonics?  How did the Himalayan Mountains form?

15.                        Where does erosion occur

16.                        Where are the most geologically active areas of the earth located

17.                        What organisms produce oxygen

18.                        In what atmospheric layer is ozone located

19.                        What is weather and where does it occur

20.                        What is the Richter scale

21.                        What is magma

22.                        Which layer of the atmosphere is the densest

23.                        What happens to temperature and pressure as altitude increases

24.                        What are the 3 types of heat transfer in the atmosphere

25.                        What is the green house effect

26.                        What are the 4 earth systems

27.                        Where is most of the earths freshwater located

28.                        What is the difference between ocean and fresh water?

29.                        How do ocean and air currents differ between the north and south hemisphere

30.                        What are the zone found in the ocean

31.                        What causes surface currents on ocean

Chapter 4 Test Study Guide

  1. Define ecosystem and give 3 examples.
  2. What is the source of energy in most ecosystems.
  3. Define species.  Define population and give some examples
  4. What is a habitat
  5. Give an example of a pond community (list some organisms)
  6. What is an adaptation?  What can organisms adapt to?
  7. Why might an adaptation lead to increased survival?  Give 3 examples
  8. What is resistance?  How do organisms become resistant? 
  9. What is co-evolution?
  10. What does VSR stand for (notes only)? 
  11. What happens to an organism’s genes if the organism dies?
  12. What happens to an organism’s genes if the organism fails to reproduce?
  13. How many kingdoms of classification are there?
  14. What is an animal that moves fast, reproduces quickly and has an exoskeleton?
  15. Which kingdom can convert nitrogen from air into a form that plants can use?
  16. Give 3 examples of algae.
  17. What are angiosperms? How do other animals depend on them?
  18.  List 3 abiotic things
  19. How have humans inadvertently promoted insect resistance?
  20. What are decomposers and give 2 examples
  21. What is a single-celled organism with a cell wall and NO nucleus?
  22. What two of the six kingdoms have photosynthetic organisms
  23. Which three kingdoms usually have cell walls
  24. How do angiosperms depend on other organisms?
  25. What are gymnosperms

 CHAPTER 5 TEST Study Guide               1.   Explain how plants get their energy.  How do consumers get their energy?  What is a trophic level?             

2.   Define decomposer, omnivore and hebivore?             

3.   How much energy do autotrophs have to start?  How much is passed on to a primary consumer?             

4.   Define fossil fuels and give examples.  What element do fossil fuels contain?             

5.   Which gas makes up 78 percent of our atmosphere but can be used by plants only when transformed by bacteria first?             

6.   Which plants are likely to be a pioneer species in primary succession? What about secondary?             

7.   What kind of natural disaster helps some forest communities by allowing some trees to release their seeds, by clearing away deadwood, and by encouraging new growth?             

 8.   Where would an ecologist be likely to go to study primary succession? Give 3 examples.             

 9.   How are humans affecting the balance of carbon in the atmosphere?           

10.   What are the chemical equations for both cellular respiration and photosynthesis?  How are they both connected?  What are the reactants versus products?           

11.   List some examples of photosynthetic organisms.  

12. What can happen to the energy consumed by organisms?           

 13.   What is the role of an autotroph in the carbon cycle?           

14.   What are nitrogen-fixing bacteria?  Where are they found?  Why are they important?           

 15.   Explain succession in terms of competition between plant species.           

16.   List several examples of secondary succession?           

17.   Explain how soil is formed during primary succession?  Remember there is no soil to start with.           

18.   What is symbiosis?  Give some examples.           

19.   What is the difference between a food chain and a food web?           

 20.   Which kingdom is responsible for making nitrogen in the atmosphere usable by living organisms?           

 21.   What is an ecosystem?  What is a population?          

22.   What type of vegetation would you expect to find on an abandoned farm that has remained undisturbed for 150 years?           

 23.   What type of succession occurs after a natural process such as a volcanic eruption or flood?           

24.   Define evaporation, condensation, transpiration.  What cycle are they all apart of? 

25.    List 5 abiotic components of an ecosystem.