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Badminton

INTRODUCTION

Badminton is a popular and physically demanding game with an interesting history. Like most

sports, it requires that players be physically fit and alert. The game demands intense playing

time on the courtin fact, games can last anywhere from thirty to ninety minutes.  Badminton

is considered a good sport to help build and maintain overall fitness. During an average game,

players jump, run, turn and twist in many different directions. In fact, a top-level amateur

badminton player runs more in a badminton game than a football end does during a one-hour

 football game. A badminton player also uses his/her arms more than a pitcher does in the

average one and one-half hour baseball game! In short, badminton is great aerobic exercise.

Its a fun sport and also is a means to better physical fitness.

HISTORY OF THE GAME

Badminton is said to have been played centuries ago in China; the earliest written records

of the game date back to the twelfth century. However, the game that we know today as

badminton was first played in England in 1873 by soldiers returning from military ser

vice in India. There the game was called poona.In 1903, the first international badminton

competition was played in Ireland. The International Badminton Federation (IBF) was founded

in 1934. The IBF claims that today, more than 53 countries participate in international badminton

competitions. Badminton is not just a local or national activity. It is an Olympic sport.

HOW BADMINTON IS PLAYED

In many ways, badminton is similar to tennis. Once it is determined which player will

serve first, play starts from the right service court. A shuttlecockor shuttleis used

instead of a ball. One popular form of shuttle has a cork base with sixteen feathers arranged

around the edges. This type of shuttle is light in weight only one-sixth of an ounce,

although it is more expensive than the plastic version. The plastic shuttle is thought to be as

effective as the feathered version, is more durable and less expensive.  When served, the

shuttle has to fall into the corresponding court diagonally opposite the server. The receiving

player then returns the shuttle and continues to do so until one player either fails to return the

shuttle or commits a fault.  In badminton, a fault consists of a shuttle falling outside the

boundaries, failing to go over the net, and/or going through the net. Striking the shuttle before

it crosses the net and touching the net with the racquet or part of the body also qualify as faults.

The server is the only player who can make points. If the server wins the point, he or she

continues to serve. However, the second serve then is made from the left side of the court.

The serve lasts until the player fails to hit the serve into the proper court or makes a fault.

When this happens, the second player serves his/her first service from the right court. The

serving player alternates from the right to the left service court until the serve is lost.

The International Badminton Federations new scoring rulenumber 9.3 states that for mens

singles or doubles gamesif a player (or side) achieves the score 15-0, the game is won. A

match is considered the best two out of three games. The same rules that apply tosingles play

also apply to doubles play except for the order or serving and receiving. TheIBF scoring rules

for womens singles and doubles list 11 points as needed to win a game.

PLAYING TECHNIQUES

FOREHAND/BACKHAND SHOTS

Basic forehand shots are similar to throwing a ball: the hand flexes at the wrist. Basic backhand

shots are best described as flicking: the hand extends at the wrist.  Both types of basic shots are

best executed when the player is in a ready stanceknees bent, arms at waist level and weight

forward.

SERVE

The serve is an underhand shot. The racquet head must be below the level of the servers

hand while the shuttle is hit below waist level. It is especially important to follow through

the serve by continuing to keep the racquet moving upward after the shuttle is hit. If the

racquet does not complete the follow-through, the shuttle may end up in an undesirable location.

SMASH SHOT

This type of shot is considered the ultimate attackingshot and requires a powerful arm

stroke. It can be played from anywhere on the court, although it is usually played between

the doubles back and the front service lines.

CLEAR

This unusual defensive stroke is employed in singles and generally used sparingly. The

object is to hit the shuttle high and deep to the opponents back court. This shot is played

well behind the shuttle. The point of impact is directly above or slightly behind the head.

The arm moves straight up as racquet head and shuttle meet.

DROP

This shot is sometimes referred to as a controlled smashshot. It differs from the smash

because it is hit with less force. The drop is considered a sure way to score a point when

the opponent is out of position. To execute this shot, the player must use the same motion

as with any overhand stroke except that he/she tilts the racquet head slightly to cause the

shuttle to move downward.

FOREHAND DRIVE

This shot is used when the shuttle is too low to smash. The forehand drive is hit hard

with the full racquet face slightly in front of the body at full arms length.

FOREHAND UNDERARM CLEAR

This can be a tricky shot. It is best described as hitting a high serve, only lower down.

The player lunges forward with the front knee bent and the back leg slightly bent while

he/she leans toward the shuttle.

BACKHAND DROP

The overhand backhand shot is performed the same way that the clear and smash are played.

This shot demands both excellent timing and wrist-snap action.

EQUIPMENT AND CLOTHING

The equipment needed to play badminton is simple. Aside from the regulation court (22 feet

in length by 17 feet in width) and net, badminton requires only a racquet and shuttlecock.

The badminton racquet resembles a tennis racquet, although it is lighter in weightusually

between three and five ounces. Most contemporary players prefer metal racquets over wooden

ones. Clothing is similar to that worn by tennis players: light polo shirts or blouses are worn to

provide freedom of movement. Footwear should provide good support and an adequate grip

on the surface of the court.

BADMINTON NOTES AND NEWS

In recent badminton news, the 2001 Seville World Championship saw some outstanding

play. In the mens singles Hendrawan of Indonesia beat Peter Grade of Denmark (15/6,

17/16). The winner of the womens singles was Gong Ruina of China. She beat out ZhouMi

also of China (11/9, 11/4). In the mens doubles Tony Gunawan and Halim Haryantoof

Indonesia beat Ha Tae Kwon and Kim Dong Moon of Korea (15/0, 15/13). The womens

doubles saw Gao Ling and Huang Sui of China beat Zhang Jiewen and Wen Yili ofChina

(15/11, 17/15). Mixed doubles winners were Zhang Jun and Gao Ling of China.The World

Cup competition was held in Jakarta, Indonesia. The Mens Singles championship was won

by Joko Suprianto of Indonesia and the Womens Singles was won byChinas Ye Zhaoying.

Badminton is also an Olympic sport. The top two finishers in each group at the Sydney

Olympic competition in 2000 are listed below.

Men’s Singles

1. XINPENG JI (CHINA)

2. HENRA WAN (INDONESIA)

Women’s Singles

1. ZHICHAO GONG (CHINA)

2. CARMILLA MARTIN (DENMARK)

Men’s Doubles

1. INDONESIA

2. KOREA

Women’s Doubles

1. CHINA

2. CHINA

WHAT TO DO

The following questions will help you to have a greater appreciation and understanding

of badminton. Write your answers in the spaces below the questions. If there is not

enough room, write on the backs of these sheets. Be neat, spell correctly, and write in

complete sentences.

1. Why is badminton a good game to help maintain and improve physical fitness?

2. What equipment is needed to play badminton?

3. Who can make points in a badminton game?

4. How is a badminton game won?

5. Describe a forehand shot.

6. What is a smash shot?

7. What is a drop? a backhand drop?

8. When is a forehand drive used?

9. What is especially tricky about the forehand underarm clear?

10. Give a brief history of badminton.

 

Short Answer Questions:

1. Acronym for badminton federation founded in 1934

2. This is always an underhand shot

3. A badminton racquet is ______ than a tennis racquet

4. Name of badminton played by British in India

5. The ultimate attacking shot

6. A controlled smash

7. When a shuttlecock falls out of bounds

8. What you hit in badminton

9. Number of points needed to win a game

10. This is 22 feet long and 17 feet wide

11. Best of three games

12. Vanes used to be made of them

13. A shuttlecock weighs one-sixth of one

14. The only player who can score a point

15. A rarely used high and deep defensive stroke

16. Motion similar to throwing a ball

17. Shuttlecocks are now made of this

18. Where badminton was played hundreds of years ago

19. The traditional shuttlecock base was made of this material

20. Done with a flickingmotion

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