The body's changes in pregnancy

The body's reactions to pregnancy

Your body is constantly changing during pregnancy and you will be able to feel various physical and mental changes.



One of the first signs of pregnancy in many women is the feeling of being very tired. A major cause of fatigue is hormonal changes. It may help to:

  • rest whenever possible
  • make sure to get a long night's sleep (8 hours or more).

If the fatigue is very pronounced, you can talk to your doctor about it. Fatigue can be a sign of iron deficiency, and here an iron supplement may help. The unusual fatigue usually subsides around week 12.

Read more about fatigue in pregnancy in the Patient Handbook


Many women are bothered by nausea during the first part of pregnancy to a greater or lesser degree. The nausea disappears fortunately for most after the first few months. It may help to:

  • take it easy in the morning or when the nausea usually comes
  • eat some crispbread or biscuits
  • Possibly. drink some water before getting out of bed.

Be aware that you can also get nausea in late pregnancy if the baby presses on your stomach and internal organs.

Read more about pregnancy nausea in the Patient Handbook

​​​​​​​الحمل انسايد

  1. To feel life

It is something very special for most women when they notice that the baby is starting to move inside the womb.

  • Women who are pregnant for the first time usually notice life around week 20-22.
  • Women who have given birth before can often feel life in the past.

The feeling of life is different but often the movements are first felt as small bubbles or movements around the intestines. A little later, you have no doubt that these are small kicks.

Gradually you notice that the child has a circadian rhythm where:

  • the child is quiet and asleep
  • the child is awake and kicking.

Your sensations of the child's movements are important as they help to signal how the child is thriving and developing. Therefore, the midwife and doctor often ask how much you notice about the baby.

Read more about fetal movements in the Patient Handbook

Picking spring

Plucking pains are involuntary contractions of the uterus and they usually do not hurt.

Picking cattle are characterized by the fact that they:

  • begins in most women in the middle of pregnancy
  • can be detected with one hand on the abdomen when pressing against the uterus 
  • makes the uterus feel firm and hard. 
  • can also give the feeling of a light work over the lower back.

Towards the end of the pregnancy, the plucking pains can help to soften the cervix, so that the abdomen is ready for the birth to begin. You can always talk to the midwife about your bodily sensations and how you experience the plucking pains. You should do this especially if you are unsure whether it is plucking pains or real pains you have.

Read more about plucking cattle in the Patient Handbook 

Various types of discomfort

Hormonal changes and the heaviness of the baby in the pelvis can contribute to a number of new sensations in the body, which can cause discomfort.

You can read about the most common in the Patient Handbook:

Sore breasts

Frequent urination

Cramps or restlessness in the legs



Bleeding from the gums


Stretch marks 


Swollen legs 

Soreness in the back 

Pelvic pain 

Varicose veins 

Read more about changes in the body during pregnancy in the Patient Handbook 

Your weight during pregnancy

It is appropriate to gain between 9 and 18 kilos during pregnancy, depending on your weight before you became pregnant.

If you eat more than you need, it probably settles as fat. Many women put on too much weight during pregnancy and do not lose the extra pounds after giving birth.

If your pre-pregnancy BMI was less than 18.5 or greater than 24.9, you should talk to your own doctor about how many kilos it is appropriate to put on during your pregnancy.