- Carl Gustav Jung was born July 26, 1875, in the small Swiss village of Kessewil
- Carl was a rather solitary adolescent, who didn't care much for school, and especially couldn't take competition. He was also picked on a lot as a youngster in boarding school.
- Although his first career choice was archeology, he went on to study medicine at the University of Basel. While working under the famous neurologist Krafft-Ebing, he settled on psychiatry as his career
- In 1903, he married Emma Rauschenbach
- After the war, Jung traveled widely, visiting, for example, tribal people in Africa, America, and India. He retired in 1946, and began to retreat from public attention after his wife died in 1955. He died on June 6, 1961, in Zurich.
- Self exploration began from WWI to 1928
- Jung's theory divides the psyche into three parts.
- The first is the ego, which Jung identifies with the conscious mind. Closely related is the personal unconscious, which includes anything which is not presently conscious, but can be.
- The personal unconscious is like most people's understanding of the unconscious in that it includes both memories that are easily brought to mind and those that have been suppressed for some reason.
But it does not include the instincts that Freud would have it include
- Collective unconscious :You could call it your "psychic inheritance." It is the reservoir of our experiences as a species, a kind of knowledge we are all born with. And yet we can never be directly conscious of it. It influences all of our experiences and behaviors, most especially the emotional ones, but we only know about it indirectly, by looking at those influences.
- The experiences of love at first sight, of deja vu (the feeling that you've been here before), and the immediate recognition of certain symbols and the meanings of certain myths, could all be understood as the sudden conjunction of our outer reality and the inner reality of the collective unconscious
- Near-death experience: A leaving of ones body, seeing ones body and the events surrounding them clearly, of being pulled through a long tunnel towards a bright light, of seeing deceased relatives or religious figures waiting for them, and of their disappointment at having to leave this happy scene to return to their bodies
- Archetypes: is an unlearned tendency to experience things in a certain way
- This is the same concept as looking into the refrigerator for something to eat.. Not knowing what you want you just stand there. Later on, you realize you really wanted that slice of left over pizza.
- Mother archetype : is our built-in ability to recognize a certain relationship, that of "mothering."
- According to Jung there are no limit as to how many there can be
- Persona: Represents your public image
- Father: Who is often symbolized by a guide or an authority figure
- Animal archetype: Representing humanity's relationships with the animal world
- Self.:The self is the ultimate unity of the personality
- The goal of life is to realize the self
- Every aspect of your personality is expressed equally; To keep it from getting too mystical, think of it as a new center, a more balanced position, for your psyche. When you are young, you focus on the ego and worry about the trivialities of the persona. When you are older (assuming you have been developing as you should), you focus a little deeper, on the self, and become closer to all people, all life, even the universe itself. The self-realized person is actually less selfish.
- Jung and Freud where friends, They would spend time together analyzing each others dreams.
- Freud insulted Jung by stating that he would loose his authority with Jung's ideas
- The first is sensing. Sensing means what it says: getting information by means of the senses. A sensing person is good at looking and listening and generally getting to know the world
- The second is thinking. Thinking means evaluating information or ideas rationally, logically
- The third is intuiting. Intuiting is a kind of perception that works outside of the usual conscious processes
- The fourth is feeling. Feeling, like thinking, is a matter of evaluating information, this time by weighing one's overall, emotional response
- We all have these functions. We just have them in different proportions, you might say.
- Each of us has a superior function, which we prefer and which is best developed in us, a secondary function, which we are aware of and use in support of our superior function, a tertiary function, which is only slightly less developed but not terribly conscious, and an inferior function, which is poorly developed and so unconscious that we might deny its existence in ourselves.
Sample questions on Personality Test
- You are almost never late for your appointments? Yes/No
- You enjoy having a wide circle of acquaintances? Yes/No
- You trust reason rather than feelings? Yes/No
- You feel at ease in a crowd? Yes/No
- It came to be called the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
- Founded by Katharine Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers
- 125 questions
- Placed in one of sixteen types, with the understanding that some people might find themselves somewhere between two or three types
- What type you are says quite a bit about you -- your likes and dislikes, your likely career choices, your compatibility with others, and so on
- Rather than assessing how "crazy" you are, the "Myers-Briggs" simply opens up your personality for exploration
- The test has four scales. Extroversion - Introversion (E-I) is the most important.
- Test researchers have found that about 75 % of the population is extroverted
- The next one is Sensing - Intuiting (S-N), with about 75 % of the population sensing
- The next is Thinking - Feeling (T-F). Although these are distributed evenly through the population, researchers have found that two-thirds of men are thinkers, while two-thirds of women are feelers.
Question? Stereotypical? Women feel more than men?
- Explanation : Society does value thinking and feeling differently, and that feeling men and thinking women often have difficulties dealing with people's stereotyped expectations
- The last is Judging - Perceiving (J-P), not one of Jung's original dimensions
- The last is Judging - Perceiving (J-P), not one of Jung's original dimensions.
- Myers and Briggs included this one in order to help determine which of a person's functions is superior.
- Generally, judging people are more careful, perhaps inhibited, in their lives. Perceiving people tend to be more spontaneous, sometimes careless. If you are an extrovert and a "J," you are a thinker or feeler, whichever is stronger. Extroverted and "P" means you are a senser or intuited. On the other hand, an introvert with a high "J" score will be a senser or intuiter, while an introvert with a high "P" score will be a thinker or feeler. J and P are equally distributed in the population.
License plate names?
- ENFJ (Extroverted feeling with intuiting):easy speakers
- ENFP (Extroverted intuiting with feeling):love novelty and surprises
- ENTJ (Extroverted thinking with intuiting):In charge at home
- ENTP (Extroverted intuiting with thinking):lively people
- ISTP (Introverted thinking with sensing):action-oriented and fearless, and crave excitement
- ISFJ (Introverted sensing with feeling):service and work oriented
- Anyone who wants to know the human psyche will learn next to nothing from experimental psychology. He would be better advised to abandon exact science, put away his scholar's gown, bid farewell to his study, and wander with human heart through the world. There in the horrors of prisons, lunatic asylums and hospitals, in drab suburban pubs, in brothels and gambling-hells, in the salons of the elegant, the Stock Exchanges, socialist meetings, churches, revivalist gatherings and ecstatic sects, through love and hate, through the experience of passion in every form in his own body, he would reap richer stores of knowledge than text-books a foot thick could give him, and he will know how to doctor the sick with a real knowledge of the human soul. -- Carl Jung
- Born in Philadelphia On December 7th , 1928
- Still Alive today!
- Received his Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of Pennsylvania
- In 1949, he married linguist Carol Schatz
- He’s considered a father of modern linguistics
- According to Chomsky, children display “ordinary” creativity—appropriate and innovative use of complexes of concepts—from virtually their first words
- With language, they bring to bear thousands of rich and articulate concepts when they play, invent, and speak to and understand each other.
- They seem to know much more than they have been taught—or even could be taught. Such knowledge, therefore, must be innate in some sense.
- It has frequently been observed that children acquire both concepts and language with amazing facility and speed, despite the paucity or even absence of meaningful evidence and instruction in their early years.
- Believed that Formal grammar of a language can explain the ability of a hearer-speaker to produce and interpret an infinite number of utterances,
- The Principles and Parameters approach (P&P): grammatical principles underlying languages are innate and fixed, and the differences among the world's languages can be characterized in terms of parameter settings in the brain
- Children can learn other languages at a young age, this is due to this P&P concept
Stages of Language
- Babbling: Begins around 6 months of age, and is the first stage in acquiring language
- Babbling refers to the making of 1 syllable sounds
- Ex: Dee-dee-dee-dee or ba-ba-ba
- After this the child will say his/her first word
- Single words : Second stage, occurs around 1 yr. of age, Usually sais words are what the infant hears, sees, or feels
- Parantese ( motherese): Specific way in which one can speak to a child in a slower and higher than normal voice, usually stretching out each word. The purpose is to capture the attention of the infant, while facilitating language development
- Note: At this stage the child begins to combine words
- Two- Word Combination: occurs around year 2
- Usually a string of 2 words that express various actions
- Ex: Hit ball
- Ex: Milk Gone
- By now the child may have a vocabulary of more than 50 words
- Note: The child’s vocabulary is made up of primarily what they have hear so choose your words wisely, they are more likely to repeat words that roll of your tongue as easily as it does theirs.
- Sentences: Occur at 4 years of age
- Range from 3-8 words in length
- Indicates a growing knowledge of grammar
- Errors such as Overgeneralization could play here, in which case the child will apply grammatical rules to cases that there should not be
- Ex: I goed to store
Pages in book
- Pg 440 Carl Jung
- Pg 314-316 Noam Chomsky