Drugs and Behavior

Drugs and Behavior

 

What are Drugs?

  • Drugs are chemicals that change the way a person's body works
  • When you put them into your body (often by swallowing, inhaling, or injecting them), drugs find their way into your bloodstream and are transported to parts of your body, such as your brain. In the brain, drugs may either intensify or dull your senses, alter your sense of alertness, and sometimes decrease physical pain.
  • A drug may be helpful or harmful
  • The effects of drugs can vary depending upon the kind of drug taken, how much is taken, how often it is used, how quickly it gets to the brain, and what other drugs, food, or substances are taken at the same time. Effects can also vary based on the differences in body size, shape, and chemistry

Why  do  people Use Drugs

  • People take drugs just for the pleasure they believe they can bring
  • Often it's because someone tried to convince them that drugs would make them feel good or that they'd have a better time if they took them
  • Some teens believe drugs will help them think better, be more popular, stay more active, or become better athletes. Others are simply curious and figure one try won't hurt. Others want to fit in and take drugs due to peer pressure. A few use drugs to gain attention from their parents.
  • Money

Why  take them? Illegal or Not

  • Depression ( Celexa, Prozac, Wellbutrin, Nardil)
  • Weight Loss ( Adipex)
  • Bipolar Dissorders (Nardil,Prozac, Lithium )
  • For Popularity ( Anything )
  • Stress Relief ( Xanax, Klonipin, Diazapam)
  • Anxiety ( Xanax, Klonipin, Diazepam)
  • Sleep ( Ambien, Lunesta)
  • A headache/pain ( Lortab, Norco, Percocet, Morphine)
  • To stay away and or focus ( Adderall, Concerta, Focalin)
  • Etc………………

Addiction

  • Addiction has long been understood to mean an uncontrollable habit of using alcohol or other drugs.
  • Because of the physical effects of these substances on the body, and particularly the brain, people have often thought that “real” addictions only happen when people regularly use these substances in large amounts.
  •                                     Is everything we do addictive???
  •                                      What is the difference???
  • Firstly, the addictive behavior is maladaptive or counter-productive to the individual
  • Secondly, the behavior is persistent.
  • With this is it stated that an occasional weekend of self-indulgence is not addiction, although it may cause different kinds of problems.
  • Addiction involves more frequent engagement in the behavior.

Do’s and Don'ts for helping

 

 

"DO"

"DO NOT"

Offer sympathy and support

Do not panic or pity

Assist with housing and bills

Do not give cash to the addict

Be honest about prejudices

Do not judge morally

Seek expert advice

Do not set unrealistic goals

Consult others 'in recovery'

Do not cut off dialogue

Assist with chosen treatment

Do not influence treatment type

 

Rehab for Alcohol ( 12 steps)

12 steps in Rehab for Alcoholics:

1. We admitted we were powerless over alcohol - that our lives had become unmanageable.
2. Came to believe that a Power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity.
3. Made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God as we understood Him.
4. Made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves.
5. Admitted to God, to ourselves and to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs.
6. Were entirely ready to have God remove all these defects of character.
7. Humbly asked Him to remove our shortcomings.
8. Made a list of all persons we had harmed, and became willing to make amends to them all.
9. Made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when to do so would injure them or others.
10. Continued to take personal inventory and when we were wrong promptly admitted it.
11. Sought through prayer and meditation to improve our conscious contact with God as we understood Him, praying only for knowledge of His will for us and the power to carry that out.
12. Having had a spiritual awakening as the result of these steps, we tried to carry this message to alcoholics and to practice these principles in all our affairs.

Rehab in Thailand

  • Thamkrabok Monastery

Detoxification

  • Drug detoxification means two things:
  • To withdraw the poisons from one's body.
  • To withdraw one's soul from the ghetto of darkness. This process starts as soon as one stops nourishing darkness with thought, speech, language and bodily actions and as soon as one begins to nourish what is good and rightful, with thoughts, speech, language and bodily actions.

Drug-treatment thus basically requires four components:

  • The total detoxification of the body.
  • The mental confrontation with oneself and one's situation, which can lead to fundamental life changes.
  • Tools to build up one's will power.
  • The insight, that the search and the realization of one's "life-task" will be a long-term effort. In order to live a satisfying life, it needs more than a "struggle against" (drugs); it needs a positive aim! As soon as one has found one's constructive "life-task", as well as the will power to realize it, drugs will not be necessary
  • This form of rehabilitation is brutal, however has a 70 % success rate for its users NEVER to go back using drugs and or alcohol.

Rehab In America

  • 24 hours in Jail….( This is actually used and can kill someone who is on drugs)
  • Rehab Facility ( Very expensive, low success rate)
  • Other medications that substitute one addiction for another
  •   Ex: Methamphetamines for Suboxone
  • What do you think of this process?

Keep the addiction

  • It is stated that in Washington and other large areas, that people are setting up shelters for those people who need to use their dugs, can use them in an area that is stocked with fresh needles, tourniquets, and alcohol swabs. These facilities also offer medical attention to those persons who OD ( Overdose), or become catatonic.
  • Another alternative is what is know as a Methadone Clinic. These clinics open at 3- 4 am and give the methadone users the exact medication they need in order to function at a normal level. This is at a cost to the user, however they do not need to worry about how and when they will get their next “ Fix”.
  •                             What do we think about this??

Drugs everywhere….

  • Drugs come in all forms but are not limited to :
  • Food
  • Prescriptions
  • Drink ( Alcohol)
  • Nicotine
  • Caffeine

MAOI’s vs. SSRI’s

MAOI’s

  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
  • These compounds block the activity of monoamine oxidase, an enzyme involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. They have been around for a long time, but are not used much anymore because of potential side effects.
  • EX: Nardil
  • SSRI’s
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
  • These are the first-choice antidepressant option. SSRIs work by increasing the levels of serotonin in the brain
  • EX: Prozac
  •        Celexa

Prescription Drugs

  • Nardil ( Anti Depressent) MAOI
  • Xanax ( Anxiety AKA Alprazolam)
  • Klonipin ( Anxiety AKA Clonazepam)
  • Lortab ( Pain medication, AKA Hydrocodone/APAP)
  • Methadone ( Powerful Pain medication)
  • Adderall ( ADD/ADHD)
  • Concerta ( ADD/ADHD)
  • Focalin ( ADD/ADHD)
  • Wellburtin ( Anti Depressant AKA Buproprione)
  • Morphine ( Powerful pain reliever medication)
  • Oxycodone ( Powerful pain reliever medication)
  • Oxycontin ( Powerful pain reliever medication)
  • Celexa ( Anti Depressant AKA Citalapram)
  • Prozac ( Anti depressant, mood stabilizer  AKA Fluoxetine) SSRI
  • Antibuse ( Used to help persons who are alcoholics, vomiting occurs if used with Alcohol)
  • Norco ( pain relief medication, also known as Hydrocodone / APAP)
  • Tussionex ( Cough relief medication)
  • Promethazine with codeine ( nausea medication with cough /pain relief)
  • Sudaphedrine ( For stuffy nose)