New in Psychology

What’s New in psychology TODAY!

  • Autism not diagnosed as early in minority children
    • Early diagnosis is considered key for autism, but minority children tend to be diagnosed later than white children
    • on average, U.S. children aren't diagnosed until they're about 4 1/2 years old

What to look for ?

  • -Not responding to their name by 12 months, or pointing to show interest by 14 months.
  • -Avoiding eye contact, wanting to play alone, not smiling when smiled at.
  • -Saying few words. Landa says between 18 and 26 months, kids should make short phrases like "my shoe" or "where's mommy," and should be adding to their vocabulary weekly.
  • -Not following simple multi-step commands.
  • -Not playing pretend.
  • -Behavioral problems such as flapping their hands or spinning in circles.

What is New……

  • PTSD diagnosed in 6 of 14 soldiers examined at Walter Reed
  • US drafts plan to fight feared Alzheimer's disease
    • More than 5 million Americans already have Alzheimer's or similar dementia

Plan of action for Alzheimer

  • Conduct a major public awareness campaign to help people know the early warning signs of Alzheimer's and what to do.
  • -Educate doctors and other health workers about how to recognize Alzheimer's, what medications are available now that can help with the disease's symptoms, and what social services may help families to cope.

Steps

  • -Improve early detection, in part by determining the best cognitive screening to offer during Medicare's new annual wellness visit.
  • -Improve training of caregivers, so they know what resources are available and how to handle common behavior problems of dementia. Research shows that caregivers given such training are able to keep their loved ones at home for far longer.
  • -Study how to address the health needs of stressed and isolated caregivers.

What's New?

  • Anorexia Victim Tells of Fight to Beat Illness

                Take on Anorexia? Anyone know the story of Isabella Caro??

Do we love new things?

  • Things that seem familiar feel safe
  • horror movies like Jaws and Psycho demonstrate this

New and then…..

  • The movie starts with something utterly familiar: Janet Leigh stops at a nice little roadside motel in Psycho, and the teenage girl skinny-dips into the Atlantic in Jaws. Everything proceeds normally and at a languid pace, to lull us into a feeling of familiarity. Janet Leigh takes a long warm shower to rinse away the stress of a day robbing her bank. Jaws' swimmer laughs as she treads water in a calm Atlantic ocean.
  • And then things turn unfamiliar. Through the shower curtain, we see the bathroom door opening slowly, then the silhouette of an older woman. From a hundred feet below the Jaws' swimmer, we see her legs kicking. What is the intruder doing and who is spying at the girl from below?
  • Do we want the New and Improved????
    • Cell Phone?
    • Car?
    • Video Game?
    • Computer Game?
    • Cloths?
    • Toothpaste/Whitner?
    • Hair and cloths accessories????

Festinated By Dreams

  • What's going on?
  • Why do we have dreams?
  •  What do they do?
  • What do they mean?
  •  Do they mean anything?
    • And Who was the person we credit for this??????
      • S.Freud!

Still Talking Psychology..

  • Blockade of Learning and Memory Genes May Occur Early in Alzheimer's Disease: Treatable in Mice
    • A repression of gene activity in the brain appears to be an early event affecting people with Alzheimer's disease, researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health have found. In mouse models of Alzheimer's disease, this epigenetic blockade and its effects on memory were treatable.

Dreams…

  • Two kinds of content:
    • Manifest content - what actually is happening in your dreams
    • Latent content - what it means - the trauma, the desire, or thing that you want that inspired what the dream actually is

Example

  • Let's say you had a dream about a giant oblong shape that is chasing you and it smells like a county fair - that would be your manifest content. Your latent content would be the fact that you're angry at your parents for not letting you have a corn dog

Approaches

  • Scientists have divided dreams into 2 categories of approach
  • 1. Biology – Where the scientist delves into what the brain is actually trying to do/think/accomplish
  • 2.Psychological route… I.E Freud

What Psychology was….

  • Before World War II, psychology had three distinct missions
  • cure mental illness
  • make everyone's lives happier and more productive and fulfilling
  • identify and nurture high talent and genius

Where Psychology is ….

  • Fostering better prevention
  • Supplementing the available techniques for therapy by training practitioners to identify and build strengths explicitly and systematically
  • Curtailing "the promiscuous victimology that pervades the social sciences"
  • Moving psychology from the egocentric to the philanthropic

Positive Psychology

  • Positive psychology is intended to bring attention back to the pursuit of happiness and the nurturing of genius and talent

A Thing or Two About Twins

  • The FBI, the University of Notre Dame, and West Virginia University are using high-resolution cameras, collecting the twins fingerprints, and scanning their irises to find out if the latest face-recognition software can tell them apart.
    • Question who was the inventor of this??
      • P. Ekman
  • "Although identical twins may look the same to you and me, a digital imaging system can spot minute differences in freckles, skin pores, or the curve of their eyebrows," says Patrick Flynn, a computer scientist from Notre Dame.

But so far, he says, even the most advanced commercial systems can be tripped up by changes in lighting, facial expressions, and other complications, whether imaging twins or others

Nature Vs. Nature and a Twin

  • Because identical twins come from a single fertilized egg that splits in two, they share virtually the same genetic code. Any differences between them—one twin having younger looking skin, for example—must be due to environmental factors such as less time spent in the sun.

Why Twins?

  • Sir F Galton Thought of this idea first in  1975
  • Twin studies took a surprising twist in the 1980s, following the discovery of numerous identical twins who'd been separated at birth.

The Jim Twins

  • Born in Piqua, Ohio, in 1939, Jim Springer and Jim Lewis were put up for adoption as babies and raised by different couples, who happened to give them the same first name.
  • Both men were six feet tall and weighed 180 pounds. Growing up, they'd both had dogs named Toy and taken family vacations in St. Pete Beach in Florida.
  • they'd both married women named Linda, and then divorced them. Their second wives were both named Betty. They named their sons James Alan and James Allan
  • both served as part-time sheriffs, enjoyed home carpentry projects, suffered severe headaches, smoked Salem cigarettes, and drank Miller Lite beer
  • Had the same crooked smile, their voices were indistinguishable, and they both admitted to leaving love notes around the house for their wives.

IQ

  • I.Q. = Intelligence Quotient
  • "the ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or trying situations ... also : the skilled use of reason“

Various Classifications of IQ

  • Terman's classification was (6):

 

 

IQ Range

Classification

140 and over

Genius or near genius

120-140

Very superior intelligence

110-120

Superior intelligence

90-110

Normal or average intelligence

80-90

Dullness

70-80

Borderline deficiency

Below 70

Definite feeble-mindedness

 

  • Wechsler’s Classification:

 

Classification

IQ Limits

Percent Included

Very Superior

128 and over

2.2

Superior

120-127

6.7

Bright Normal

111-119

16.1

Average

91-110

50

Dull Normal

80-90

16.1

Borderline

66-79

6.7

Defective

65 and below

2.2

 

  • Mental deficiency ( Obsolete View)

 

IQ Range

Classification

70-80

Borderline deficiency

50-69

Moron

20-49

Imbecile

        below 20

Idiot

 

 

 

 

  • Now Called Mental Retardation:

 

IQ Range

Classification

50-69

Mild

35-49

Moderate

20-34

Severe

below 20

Profound

 

  • Remember in order for this

To work, there has to be

Someone smarter and less

Smarter than you…

 

 

 

Forensic

Psychology

What is it?

  • Field that deals with both psychology and the law
  • Popular movies, television programs and books have help popularize the field, often depicting brilliant heroes who solve vicious crimes or track down killers using psychology. ( YAY CSI…HAHA)
  • In many cases, people working within forensic psychology are not necessarily "forensic psychologists." These individuals might be clinical psychologists, school psychologists, neurologists or counselors who lend their psychological expertise to provide testimony, analysis or recommendations in legal or criminal cases.

Functions performed

  • Competency evaluations
  • Sentencing recommendations
  • Evaluations of the risk of reoffending
  • Testimony as an expert witness
  • Child custody evaluations

What do they do?

  • Typically, the duties of a forensic psychologist are fairly limited in terms of scope and duration.
  •  A forensic psychologist is asked to perform a very specific duty in each individual case, such as determining if a suspect is mentally competent to face charges
  • Generally though, psychologists working in corrections may attend to the mental healthcare needs of inmates including, screening, psychological assessment, individual therapy, group therapy, anger management, crisis management, court-ordered evaluations, or daily inpatient rounds.
  • They may also consult with prison staff, inmate attorneys, advocates, and court systems on a variety of mental health related topics or recommendations garnered as a result of psychological assessment.

What can you do?

  • Psychologists working in forensic psychology research or academic settings may teach or research on any topic in which psychology and the law interact. The field seems limitless.
  • To name a few popular areas: criminal profiling, crime trends, effective mental health treatment for offenders, effective treatment for substance abusers, techniques for jury selection, impact of divorce, custody, separation, visitation on children.

Day in Day out….

  • Forensic psychologist typically deals with clients who are not there of their own free will. This can make assessment, diagnosis and treatment much more difficult, since some clients willfully resist attempts at help.