Industrial Third Party Inspection
Industrial Third Party Inspection refers to independent inspection services that are provided by inspection agencies. This article supplies you with information about TPI definition, TPI companies and also supplies you with third party independent inspection procedures for different fix, rotary, electrical and instrumental equipment.
In purchasing and procurement projects the sellers and vendors are first parties. The second parties are purchasers or buyers.
First party inspection refers to quality control activities that are done by equipment vendors or sellers.
Second party inspection refers to inspection activities that are done by equipment buyers or purchasers.
In fact first party is seller and second party is buyer. So when you say second party inspection, it means that an inspection and quality control activities that are done by a buyer and when you say first party inspection, it means that an inspection and quality check that are done by a vendor in its construction shop.
These quality controls and inspections are done based on Proforma Invoice, Purchase Order and International standards.
The Third Party Inspection refers to independent inspection activities that are done by a Third Party Inspection Agency either hired by a buyer or seller.
The ISO 1720; - Requirements for the operation of various types of bodies performing inspection- specifies characteristic of these kinds of inspection agencies.
Based on these requirements, these agencies must be impartial and independent in their inspection activities and in their inspection reports and results.
All interested companies such as traders, buyers, sellers, engineering companies, construction companies must have access to the services of these inspection agencies.
The impartial and independence conditions are very important factors for third party forging Inspection agencies. In this direction ISO 17020 does not allow these companies to be participated or involved in any procurement, purchasing, construction, installation and even design activities.
They must only provide third party inspection services and not anything else.
third party inspection
Based definition of the ISO 17020, these inspection companies are category A inspection organization. Based on this standard there are two more inspection organizations that are not independent.