8th Grade

8th grade must type with 30 gwam with 3 or fewer errorsKeyboarding Grading Chart

8th Grade

100 % 

16 + Drills
97 % 15
93 % 14
506 -

Do not skip any drills.  Keyboarding makes up 25 % of your grade in computer science.  Remember you will get a progress grade, 4 keyboarding technique grades and one (Testing / MS Excel)  line chart grade).

 TESTING After lessons 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6 there is a typing test for you to take.  Each test note card is color coded and labeled at the top.  See me for instruction on where to take the test in MicroType. To pass the test students in:
8th grade must type with 30 gwam with 3 or fewer errors
Write down your score on you typing sheet, Microsoft Excel, or a blank sheet of paper.  Keep track of each lesson's score as follows:
                  Lesson 1:  32 gwam 2 errors
                  Lesson 2:  33 gwam 3 errors

Welcome to the AlfaTyping.com's typing test module! -  http://alfatyping.com/test/  


March 23- 30, 2010

Economic Systems

Report of Economic System  - using charts in MS Word    

Instructions for reporting:  To be Typed, proofed and submitted by March 30, 2010.

10% Topic:  The Nature of Business Economics and Entrepreneurship (font - Calibri, size - 16, Bold)
05% Body, References: (font- Calibri, size - 12)
05% Headers:  Types of Business Organizations (font- Calibri, size - 14, Bold)
45% Summary: Types of Business Organization
05% Sub - heading:  How Sweet It Can Be!(font- Calibri, size - 14, Italics, Indented)
30% Summary of each Business (Hershey, Famous-Amos, Mars) Inclusive of type of business,          clients/owners and their roles.    


The Nature of Business Economics and Entrepreneurship

·    Compare the main types of business organization:  sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation and franchise 
·    Classify businesses as profit-making or non-profit making, and service, product or combination    


Business Ownership -  How Sweet It Can Be

Identify the clients/owners and their roles in the business:www.hersheys.comwww.famous-amos.comwww.mars.com/Default.aspx (Responses to the questions below should be inclusive of the summary for each business.)

1.What has happened to the founder of the business?
2.Is he or she still involved with the company?
3.What other things has he or she done?
4.Who owns the business?
5.How has the business changed?
6.Has the company been involved in any mergers or acquisition?
7.What products does the company sell?
** If a company has incorporated and is publicly traded, another source of information will be Hoover's Online Directory at www.hoovers.com      


Mar. 23, Tuesday    
           - Rough draft of the different types of organizations                             
           - Research of Hershey’s and write draft
Mar. 24, Wednesday
          - Research Famous Amos and Mars and write draft
Mar. 26, Friday        
          - Proof draft, type report
Mar. 30, Tuesday     
          - Edit report, print final    


March 31 - April 2, 2010 

Supply and Demand   

Economic Activity in a Changing World (Type Responses to the questions and comments below. Titled (centered, bold) - Supply and Demand, subtitle (centered, bold)  Economic Activities in a Changing World)

What are the differences between goods, services, and needs?

Design a project that depicts the demand for goods most often used and services requested that would include tables, and charts to support your research.    

Economic Resources
Just as individuals have to deal with a lack of resources, so do societies. resources are necessary to make what people want and need. A shortage of resources is called scarcity. Nations do not have enough economic resources or factors of production to satisfy all of the wants and needs of their people. Factors of production that go into making goods and services include natural, labor, capital, and entrepreneurial resources.

Economic Systems
Because all nations must deal with the scarcity of economic resources, each must set up an economic system that determines what and how much will be produced, how items will be produced, and who will receive what is produced. There are two primary types of economic systems.   A market economy focuses on individuals answering the three economic questions through the interaction of supply and demand. In a planned economy, the government makes those decisions. Each country has attributes of both.

(Continue reflection - edit report Supply and Demand, add subtitle Economic Systems and type responses to questions below.)

Which economic system does the United States have? Describe that economy.
Why does a country have to develop an economic system?
Explain how scarcity requires individuals and nations to make decisions about resources.  


April 6 - April 9, 2010   

U.S. Economic System

Basic Economy and You Wants and Needs
Everyone has wants and needs. Wants are things that you do not have to have to survive, but would like to have. Needs are things that you must have in order to survive. People use resources to make or obtain what they need or want. Resources limit the number of needs and wants people can satisfy. The decision-making process can help you make good choices and make the most of your resources by considering alternatives and their consequences. The longer a decision will affect your life, the more you need to consider all of the possible consequences.

Business Tasks
Businesses supply good and services with the motivation of making profits. Companies thrive on competition, the contest between businesses undertake these activities: identifying opportunities, evaluating demand, obtaining money, managing production, marketing to consumers and businesses, and keeping records. Consumers affect businesses by deciding what kind of goods and services to buy. Businesses affect consumers by making decisions about what products and services to offer and by providing jobs.

BLOG - Reflection:

Explain the difference between wants and needs. Describe how resources limit the number of wants people and businesses can satisfy. Explain how to use the decision-making process to make the most of your resources. Explain how profit and competition motivate businesses.

Tuesday      - Online Tour/Video
Wednesday - Type report
Friday        - Edit report, print final    


April 13 - 16, 2010    

U.S. Economic System Research Analysis on U.S. Economic Systems

Influence on Business

Tuesday, April 13, 2010

Explain why the world has become a global economy using vocabulary terms.
Explain why people and countries specialize in producing goods and services using vocabulary terms .
Describe free trade using vocabulary terms.

Wednesday, April 14, 2010 

What is marketing?  What are the functions of production?  Identify the four P's of marketing?

  • Group Project - Update your business plan to include your Marketing Analysis.
  • Group Project - Update your business plan to include your Market Research.  Compare at minimum two businesses similar to yours.  What are the benefits of your business compared to the others?  Do you house products / services that they do not provide?  Is there a demand for your business?

Friday, April 16, 2010 

Vocabulary Review - Define Terms

global economy
international trade
multinational corporation
exchange rate
free trade

Indicate who benefits and who does not benefit from free trade using vocabulary terms.

  1. Writer a brief scenario using the sites listed below.  - http://www.economicshelp.org/trade/benefits_free_trade.html, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_trade, http://www.tradingmage.com/free-trading?kw=who%20benefit%20from%20free%20trade&ag=free%20trading 
  2. Define Domestic trade, World trade.  What are the benefits of comparative.  
  3. Online activity, Class Worksheet  


April 20 - 23, 2010


BU04.00   Understand business activities and careers.
BU04.01   Understand finance activities and careers.
BU04.02   Understand business management activities and careers.
BU04.03   Understand information technology activities and careers.
BU04.04   Understand marketing activities and careers.


Research finance careers and business management careers, online games
Generate a report using charts and tables to reflect your findings regarding the number of jobs in each category.  Include pictures of services, as well.
Colleague of findings pictures from magazines, newspaper, internet, and report 

April 27 - 30, 2010 

Identify careers related to finance, business management, information technology, and marketing that provides advantages for the things we need.
Identify careers related to finance, business management, information technology, and marketing that provides services for the things we need.
Research information technology and marketing careers, online games
Research marketing careers, online games.       


May 4 - 7, 2010      

BU05.00   Understand appropriate business procedures.
BU05.01   Understand appropriate business etiquette and business communication.

Personal and Social Development /Business Communication

Learning all about yourself can help you make decisions about the career that is right for you. As you learn about yourself, your interests, aptitudes, abilities, personality, habits, and personal priorities, you will more likely choose a satisfying career.

Before you choose a career, you need to know and understand yourself. You can start by looking at your interests. What do you enjoy doing the most? To be successful in a career, you need to have more than an interest in it. You need to consider your aptitude for ability to perform the duties required for that career as well.

You also need to consider your personality when choosing a career. Matching your responsibility with a suitable career will increase your chances for success and happiness on the job.

Knowing your personal priorities can help you make choices in your career and set goals in your life. You can use your personal priorities to help guide your behavior and give some direction in your career choice. Once you know your personal priorities, you can also use them to help you set goals. The way you achieve your goals will depend on your own personal standards and the resources available to you.

A Look at Me
Life Map
Lifestyle Collage
Reality Budget
Personal Improvement Plan
Wellness Plan

Evaluate individual characteristics/traits, interests/preferences, ability levels, skill acquisition, talents/aptitudes, and values in relation to setting and achieving personal, social, lifestyle, educational and career goals. Write several paragraphs describing yourself, by using the following terms: abilities, aptitudes, ethics, habits, interests, personality, resources, self-concept, standards, and personal priorities. List several short-term and long-term goals that you might want to achieve.

BU05.02   Understand ethics and ethical decision-making. 

Decision Making / Career Planning

Understand the decision-making process as a component of career planning
Critique personal, educational and career goals
Produce a personal career plan

Steps in the Decision-Making Process

1. Define the problem or question.
2. Establish goals.
3. Identify resources.
4. Consider alternatives.
5. Make a decision.
6. Implement it.
7. Evaluate results.

What are the advantages of using the decision-making process to address a complex problem or decision?

Career Explorations
“Get A Life!” - Career Exploration Project

Brief Project Overview:
In this project, students will assess their personality type to help determine if they are suited for a career in finance or business. This may be done by going online or by using assessments available through the school. Using this information, students will select and research two finance or business careers that interest them. They will begin to develop a job portfolio that will include a current resume and cover letter that they could use immediately to get a job. Students will also be guided in collecting appropriate job application information and how to request letters of recommendation.

Appropriate Subjects and Grade Levels:

For the following classes:
Social Science
Public Speaking

Length of Project

One 55-minute class period for each of the 5 lessons. Additional days may be utilized for student presentations or other optional project enhancements.

Lesson #1 -- Personality Type and Career Choices
Lesson #2 -- Write a High School Resume
Lesson #3 -- Cover Letters
Lesson #4 -- Letters of Recommendation
Lesson #5 -- Job Application

NOTE: The length of this project is an estimated minimum time needed for completion that may easily be expanded upon. The length of time will naturally increase as the project is expanded upon by the teacher as it is adapted to meet classroom and curriculum goals.

Recommended Background Materials

No-Brainers on Resumes and Cover Letters video
Winning Cover Letters, 2nd Edition book by Robin Ryan (Author)
Cover Letter Magic book by Wendy S. Enelow, Louise M. Kursmark
e-Resumes: Everything You Need to Know About Using Electronic Resumes to Tap into Today's Hot Job Market book by Susan Britton Whitcomb, Pat Kendall
Building a Great Resume book by Kate Wendleton, Mark Gonska
The Everything Resume Book (Everything Series) book by Burton Jay Nadler
Your First Resume: For Students and Anyone Preparing to Enter Today's Tough Job Market book by Ronald W. Fry, Ron Fry
Resumes for First-Time Job Hunters book by

Careers Options

It is important to be able to identify with who you are, as an individual. You must first define your interests, values, likes, dislikes, and preferences. Being able to associate strengths and weaknesses as a means of growing is also important.

Find the career of your choice. Write a Research paper of your career that includes the requirements, the salary range, and responsibilities.

 Career Clusters / Occupations


May 11, 2010

BU06.00   Understand requirements for seeking, gaining, and maintaining employment.
BU06.01   Understand skills required for seeking employment.
BU06.02   Understand procedures for gaining employment.
BU06.03   Understand behaviors required for maintaining employment.http://e-learningforkids.org/Courses/Choosing_Career/index.htmlhttp://www.e-learningforkids.org/Courses/Liquid_Animation/Feelings_and_Worries/Relationships/relationships_object.html   


Title:One Grain of Rice—Find a pattern
Overview/Annotation:Students use the Problem solving strategy “find a pattern” to predict the number of grains of rice Rani (from the book One Grain of Rice: A Mathematical Folktale  by Demi) will receive after 30 days.  Students use a spreadsheet to illustrate data from the story.
Content Standard(s):
TC(6-8)14. Identify uses of spreadsheets and databases
Local/National Standards: ALCOS Math: Demonstrate computational fluency with addition subtraction, multiplication, and division of decimals and fractions.
Primary Learning Objective(s):Students will apply find-a-pattern and make-a-table strategies in order to solve problems.  Students will record data needed to solve a problem expressed in words.  Students will explore, describe, and extend patterns.  Students will make generalizations about a pattern.
Additional Learning Objective(s):  
Approximate Duration of the Lesson:30-60 minutes
Materials and Equipment: The book One Grain of Rice: A Mathematical Folktale, by Demi:  small handful of rice
Technology Resources Needed: Computer with Excel or other spreadsheet software, calculators.
Background/Preparation:  Vocabulary:  patterns, table, Rani(girl’s name in the story), raja (Indian king), famine (a drastic shortage).
Procedures/Activities:1.        Explain the objectives of the lesson, and then begin reading the story. Stop reading the story on the ninth day and ask students,” What is the pattern?”  Ask students to share the patterns that they have noticed.  Students will now predict how many grains of rice she will have on the 30th day.  Finish reading the story to see if students’ calculations were correct.2.       Students will be given an opportunity to construct a table illustrating the data in the story using either spreadsheet software or a calculator with paper and pencil.  Compare the two methods and their result.  Which one is quicker?  Which one gave the most accurate results?
Assessment Strategies:1.        How many grains of rice did Rani receive in all? 1,073,741,823 more than one billion.2.       What did you notice about the grains she received each day? Doubled or multiplied by 2.

  ·    Worksheets·    Online enrichment Activities, Games

Vocats Review Begins - May 14 - May 21, 2010