Paris

Paris

French museums is the best musemums in the world. The musemum is called the Orsay Musemum. Orsay is located at the occupies a restored former railway station in Paris. There are displays of art from the 1800's and 1900's.

The best known musemum is the art musemum that is the largest musemum and that art musemum is called Louvre. The Lourve was originally a royal palace that became a musemum in the 18th century. It's located in the 1st arrondissement, at the heart of Paris. There are 3 wings in the musemum. All wings together has 35,000 on displayed.The museum has a diverse collection ranging from the antiquity up to the mid 19th century. A large part of the collection consists of European paintings and sculptures. Other rooms contain Roman, Egyptian, Greek and Oriental art. There is also a section with 'Objects d'Art', where objects such as clocks, furniture, china and tapestries are displayed. 

History of the Lourve

 

               
                                      

Louvre seen from across the Seine                                       East Wing

The Louvre was created in several phases.Originally built as a 12th century fortress, it was converted into a royal palace in the 14th century.Its current appearance goes back to the 15th century, when the original fortress was demolished and the wing along the Seine river was built. The palace was extended during the 16th century by architect Pierre Lescot, who expanded the palace into a complex with two courtyards.A decade later Catharina de Medici added the Tuileries palace to the west of the Louvre. Construction on the Louvre was halted for some time when king Louis XIV decided to move to the Versailles Palace.In the 19th century, during the Second Empire, the Louvre was expanded again with the addition of the Richelieu wing.The Louvre now had four symmetric wings surrounding a large courtyard. This would not last long, as the Communards burned the Tuileries palace in 1871, opening up the west side of the palace.This would not last long, as the Communards burned the Tuileries palace in 1871, opening up the west side of the palace.The collection of the Louvre Museum was first established in the 16th century by King Francis I. One of the works of art he purchased was the now famous Mona Lisa painting. The collection grew steadily thanks to donations and purchases by the kings. In 1793, during the French Revolution, the private royal collection opened to the public.

Glass Pyramid

Louvre Pyramid

The most recent addition to the Louvre was the construction of the glass pyramid, which functions as the museum's main entrance. The pyramid was built in 1989 by the renowned American architect I.M. Pei. The glass pyramid allows the sunlight to come in on the underground floor.The modern addition originally received mixed reviews, as it contrasts sharply with the classical design of the surrounding buildings, but today it is generally accepted as a clever solution which has given the museum a spacious central entrance without the need to touch the historic patrimony.


 

 
 

Many old castle and palaces were once homes of king and emperors of are national historical musemum.That includes the Palace of Versailles that was built by King Louis XIV durning the 1600's.