In a comprehensive reading curriculum, instructional approaches include daily guided reading, reading aloud to students, shared reading, independent reading (including silent reading), opportunities for students to share reading and writing with one another, and reading/writing across the curriculum.
Daily Guided Reading Instruction includes instruction in the areas of Comprehension, Fluency, Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, and Vocabulary at each student's instructional level. Instruction is based on the sophistication of the reader and the complexity and difficulty of the informational and narrative texts being read. Models of reading instruction progress from Read Alouds to Shared Reading to Guided Reading .
Explicit strategy instruction includes:
Reading Strategies: Using Concepts of Print, Print-processing Systems, Self-monitoring, and Fix-up Strategies
Comprehension Strategies : Clarifying, Connecting/Schema, Determining Importance, Inferring, Questioning, Summarizing, Synthesizing, and Visualizing.
When helping your child read at home, several strategies may be used to aid in decoding unknown words.
1. Tell the child to look at the picture. You may tell the child the
word is something that can be seen in the picture, if that is the
2. Tell the child to look for chunks in the word, such as it in sit,at in mat, or and and ing in standing.
3. Ask the child to get his/her mouth ready to say the word by
shaping the mouth for the beginning letter.
4. Ask the child if the word looks like another word s/he knows.Does bed look like red?, for example.
5. Ask the child to go on and read to the end of the sentence.
Often by reading the other words in context, the child can
figure out the unknown word.
6. If the child says the wrong word while reading, ask questions
Does it make sense?
Does it sound right?
Does it look right?
Questions you may ask your child while reading the story...
Questions you may ask your child after reading the story...