World History 9B, Assignment Six, Worldwide Changes from 1850 - 1900


Assignment Eight
Important Individuals from 1850 -1900
Packet, Deadline TBA, 80 points

Click here to go back to the
web site for History 9B.




How did the change makers from 1850 - 1900 shape their world and ours?

Crystal Palace, 1853

The Crystal Palace, 1851

Queen Victoria and Family

Queen Victoria and Family


From 1850 to 1900 the modern world began to take shape. The European nations were forced to abandon expanding their empire interests in the New World and they set their sights on other parts of the globe.

Throughout the fields of philosophy and science new ideas began to challenge the concepts of the Scientific Revolution.


Students will identify and explain the effects of their chosen person or event on the time from 1850 - 1900.

Essential questions

How did the person  you chose change their time?

How were they received by their contemporaries?

How did the person  you chose change our time?

Oh, and please provide us with some background about the person.

Include an essay of about 250 words describing your findings. Share it with me.

Special instructions

Groups and topics


Russian Czar Alexander II

Russian czar alexander II
    Alexander II. Alexander II was emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881. He is called the “czar liberator” because he freed the serfs in 1861. Alexander’s reign is famous in Russian history and is called the “era of great reforms.”Though Alexander II’s success is debatable, the greatness of his vision and his passion and courage to achieve it undeniably makes him a great leader. Although many people criticized the effects of his reforms, there are seldom examples of change that were brought without sacrifice.The tsar was responsible for other reforms, including reorganizing the judicial system, setting up elected local judges, abolishing corporal punishment, promoting local self-government through the zemstvo system, imposing universal military service, ending some privileges of the nobility. Czar Alexander II, the ruler of Russia since 1855, is killed in the streets of St. Petersburg by a bomb thrown by a member of the revolutionary “People’s Will” group. The People’s Will, organized in 1879, employed terrorism and assassination in their attempt to overthrow Russia’s czarist autocracy. Furthermore, he abolished corporal punishment, reduced the length of service form 25 years to 15 years and extended the liability to all social classes, which therefore increased morale in the army and therefore indicated the reform was a success. Alexander Ii Biography. Alexander II was emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881. He is called the “czar liberator” because he freed the serfs in 1861. Alexander’s reign is famous in Russian history and is called the “era of great reforms.”


Queen Victoria


Lizzie & Hanna
Queen Victoria was born in Kensington Palace on May 24,1819. At the time her father was the Duke of Kent and his only daughter. When she was about 3 or 4 months old her father died, and then was under the control of her mother. As soon as her father died she was the first heir to the throne because the other four in line were not eligible. She was made queen at the age of 18. She later married Prince Albert in 1840, he influenced many of her decisions and taught her how to be a good ruler. Together they had 9 kids, then in 1861 Albert died of Typhoid fever. After he died she was never the same, she wouldn’t go out as much, she just wasn’t the same person. Then some time after she died in 1901 from a stroke. Queen Victoria made a big impact on people of the Victorian Era that last to this day throughout England and the world. She made many decisions that made a difference in the royal family for the better. She made it that the royal family would have a public life and include them in their lives. In England, she made many buildings that still stand today like the Balmoral that is still used by the royal family. She also increased tourism throughout England. The royal family attended military events, owned charities, and supported the making of museums. This formed a new monarchy that changed England for the better. The public had nothing bad to say about the family.  The royal family is still honored and participates in charities, military events, and public events.  She also made many allies that England still has today like India. Queen Victoria was known as one of the most beloved queens of England. People loved her for her poise, elegance, smarts, and her advances in politics and government, etc. But there were also a few people who did not like the fact that she was married to a Russian (Albert). Because of that people tried to assassinate her multiple times. Today she is known as one of the greatest rulers.


Karl Marx

Karl marx was born in 1818 and was born into a jewish family his family eventually converted to christianity so his dad could get a job as a lawyer eventually karl studied law and wrote a phd thesis in philosophy  and he also was a historian  and had a theory of history which was based on class struggles rich wealthy and  poor he also became involved in political and social issues some of his early writings  ‘Contribution to a Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right and on the jewish question were  both written in 1843. In 1844 the economic and philosophical manuscripts were written in France and then the german ideology in 1845. one of his most famous works, the communist manifesto marx, was also a great scientist on the science of society. Marx’s critical theories about society, economics and politics – collectively understood as Marxism – hold that human societies develop through class struggle on march 14 1883 marx died from acute bronchitis even though he is long gone he is still remembered today as on of the best socialest scientist and philosopher that ever lived and some of his work is told to be the best of its kind  

Charles Darwin

Abraham Lincoln
Ben, Drew, Brynlee


Florence Nightingale
Airanna, Jilyssa


Mark Twain
Brroke, Ruby, Ian, Isaac, Rayce; McKay, Megan, Ashton

Mark Twain
    Mark Twain is one of the most famous American authors ever known. Although many people know the name, most don’t know the story behind it. Mark Twain is actually a pen name for Samuel Clemens. He grew up in Missouri, and he had a lot of opportunities open up to him through his older siblings. He also spent a few years in the West during the Civil War. One of his books, Roughing It, comes from his time there. He is most known for his stories of  Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. These are stories that are both funny and meaningful. They address themes of racism and the restraints of civilization. However, Mark Twain does this in a way as to either offend everyone or no one. He only attacked the higher classes in his work. There is also plenty of comedy coming from these young protagonists. Of course, Mark Twain also wrote many other books. He wrote a total of twenty eight books throughout his life. He also wrote many short stories. Many of these are set around the Mississippi River. Some are set in the West. They also tend to include important issues that were happening at that time. Some of these issues people are still dealing with today. Mark Twain also had a family. He married Olivia Langdon Clemens. They had four children. Olivia died after they had been married thirty four years in 1904.  Mark Twain died six years later of a heart attack. He was seventy four years old.

Mark Twain

Samuel Clemens, also known as Mark Twain was an author back in the 18-19 hundreds. Since he was a child he had an enormous imagination. He spent all his time a kid reading and playing outside. A few of his books were based off of his childhood adventures, such as The Adventures of Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer. As a kid Samuel never had dreamt of being an author. He wanted to go out and explore the world. But he wasn’t allowed to do that. And so he let other people do that through his imagination. The books he wrote were often survival books of people who had to face the wilderness. But it wasn’t just his imagination, also the accuracy of his books were amazing. He used many analogies that would allow you to picture the setting better than any movie could. You would live the book vicariously through his books. The imagery he used was so precise you could see everything that he was talking about. Many scholars consider him the best american author of all time. Samuel chose the name Mark Twain because it was a riverboat term that was used to measure. The measurement length was two fathoms. Mark Twain died from a heartattack in the year 1910. Though he was gone, his impact wasn’t. His works are still required books that are read in school. And the books are still just as loved today as they were then. The books are still winning awards today because of how well written they are. 








Printed files

To open a copy of the printed assignment, click here.

Media files

To view the PowerPoint from Mentor Schools about the five people who challenged the world view, click here.

To view the PowerPoint about the Monroe Doctrine, click here.

Online files

Queen Victoria, 1, 2, 3

Alexander II, 1, 2, 3

Karl Marx, 1, 2, 3
(There is probably more on the first link than you will ever want.)

Charles Darwin, 1, 2, 3

Abraham Lincoln, 1, 2, 3

Florence Nightengale, 1, 2, 3

Mark Twain, 1, 2, 3

Sound files