Grammar cliffnotes

This is the material I will cover this year. 

(The format is not great, but I think you can understand the help offered.)

 

Grammar

Noun

Pronoun

Adjective

Verb

Adverb

Preposition

Conjunction

Interjection

Is a person, place, thing, or  idea

  1. Singular
  2. Plural
  3. Collective

 

Abstract – can’t touch

Concrete  - can touch

 

Jobs:

*Subject

What the sentence is about

*Direct object

Sub-pred-What?

Indirect Object

Sub-pred-what?-for whom?

*Object of the     Preposition

*Predicate nominative

After a linking verb

*Appositive

Renames a subject, enclosed by commas

Takes the place of a noun

  • He
  • She
  • It
  • We
  • You
  • They
  • Them
  • Their
  • No one
  • Someone
  • Anyone
  • His
  • Hers
  • Ours
  • Theirs
  • Etc.

Modifies a noun or pronoun

 

Articles:

a, an, the

 

Answers:

How many?

What kind?

Which one?

Shows action or a state of being

*Action

*Helping

AHBSDWM

Am,is,are

Have, has, had

Be, being, been

Should, would, could, can ,shall

Do, does did

Was, were, will

May, must, might

*Linking  

Seem, look, smell, taste, feel, appear, sound, grow, remain, stay, become, am, is are, was, were, be, being,been

 

  • Past
  • Present
  • Future
  • Regular
  •  irregular
  • Transitive – D.O.
  • Intransitive

 

Modifies a verb an adjective, or another adverb

 

 

Answers:

How?

When?

Where?

 

 

Usually ends

with an  –LY.

 

A word that connects a noun to another word in the sentence

 

“Anywhere a mouse a go.”

 

  • Under
  • Over
  • Beside
  • In
  • To
  • Of
  • At
  • With
  • After
  • Before
  • Etc.

 

 

 

 

Sentences:

  • Simple -
  • Compound
  • Complex

 

Ties together words, phrases, or sentences

  • For
  • And
  • Nor
  • But
  • Or
  • Yet
  • So

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sentences:

  • Declarative
  • Imperative
  • Interrogative
  • exclamatory

Expressions of strong feeling

 

Wow

Oh my gosh

Holy cow

No way