Stacy Graham Adult Education Science

Adult Education Science

Fall 2010

Teacher: Stacy Graham

 

Heredity and Genetics

 

What is an inherited trait?  Give an example.

  

Who was one of the first people to study heredity?

 

Explain the heredity of twins.

 

What are reproductive cells?     

 

How are gametes formed?  What is this process called?

  

Copy the diagram of the meiosis process on pg 66.

  

What is nondisjunction?

  

Who discovered the structure of DNA?

 

What does DNA stand for?

 

What is the role of DNA?

 

How is RNA different from DNA?

  

Describe the structure of a chromosomes.

 

What is a gene?

 

What are chromosome pairs?

 

What are Alleles?

  

What is the difference from a homozygous plant and a heterozygous plant?

  

What is a dominate gene?

Draw a pungent square for incomplete dominance, codominance, and heterozygous crosses.

  

How many chromosomes does each person have?

 

What is the difference between x and y chromosomes?

 

How many x chromosomes does the female body cell contain?

 

What are two sex linked disorders?

 

Why can’t a male be a carrier for hemophilia?

 

Give examples and brief descriptions of some inherited diseases?

 

What is a genetic mutation?

 

What is the purpose of mass selection?

 

Why is inbreeding dangerous to an organism?

 

Explain genetic engineering.

   

Adult Education Science Fall 2010

Teacher: Stacy Graham

 

                                            Study Guide for Cell Structure and Function

 

Make a sketch of a microscope and label and define the following:

  • Eyepiece
  • Nosepiece
  • Diaphragm
  • Light source
  • Base stage
  • Objective lens
 

Why do some microscopes have more than one lens?  Why is this necessary?

   

What is a theory?

   

What is the cell theory?

  

What does a cell biologist do?

 

What is the cell membrane’s job?

 

Do all cells have a nucleus?  What does the nucleus do?

  

What is DNA?

 

What do organelles do?

 

What do ribosomes do?

 

What do Golgi bodies do?

 

What do vacuoles do?

 

What do lysosomes do?

 

How do plant cells and animals cells differ?  How are they similar?

 

What are chloroplasts?

What is a cell with only one cell called?       How is it different from a multicellular cell?

  

Explain red blood cells.

  

Explain nerve cells.

 

Explain guard cells.

   

Draw and explain how materials move in and out of cells.

  

What is photosynthesis?

 

What is cellular respiration?

 

What is fermentation?

 

Explain the process of cell division.

 

Adult Education

Science Fall 2010

Teacher Stacy Graham

 

Life Changes Over Time

 

Define Evolution

 

Explain adaptations and mutations.

 

Why can most fossils in sedimentary rock not be seen unless the rock has been cut from the top to the bottom?

 

What does the fossil record show?

 

Why is the hors used to support the theory of evolution?

 

How is Lamarck’s theory of evolution different from Darwin’s theory of evolution?

 

What is natural selection?

  

What is extinction?

 

What is one reason that many offspring may not survive?

 

What are some reasons organisms become extinct?  Why?

 

Describe some of the ways humans have changed over time.