Reach for the jumper cables if you encounter a dead battery while you are on the road. A jump from another vehicle will enable you to get to a garage or an auto-parts store to have your battery tested. Simply place the positive (red) alligator Pipe clamps clamp on the rescue car battery's positive terminal while the driver runs his engine. Clip the negative (black) alligator clamp on his negative battery terminal. Keeping the two alligator clamps on the opposite end of the jumper cables apart to avoid sparking, proceed to place the corresponding positive (red) clamp on your positive battery terminal and the negative (black) clamp on the negative battery terminal or post.
The most common plate in use today is made up of a metal grid that serves as the supporting framework for the active porous material that is "pasted" on it. After the "curing" of the plates, they are made up into cells, and the cells are then inserted into a high-density tough polypropylene or hard rubber case. The positive plates in the cells are connected in parallel to the external POSITIVE (+) terminal and the negative plates in each cell are connected to the NEGATIVE (-) external Heavy pipe clamps terminal. Instead of pasted Lead Oxide, some batteries are constructed with more expensive solid lead cylindrical shape(spiral wound); Manchester or "Manchex" (buttons inserted into the grid); tubular; or prismatic (flat) solid lead (Planté) positive plates. The case is covered and then filled with a dilute sulfuric acid electrolyte.
The Nokia battery is initially charged or "formed" to convert the active yellow Lead Oxide (PbO or Litharge) in the positive plates (cathode) into Lead Peroxide (PbO2), which is usually dark brown or black. The active material in the negative pasted plates (anode) becomes Factory for producing pipe clamp sponge Lead (Pb), but with a very porous structure which is slate gray. The electrolyte is replaced and the battery is given a finishing charge. A "Wet charged" battery is a wet lead-acid battery shipped with electrolyte in the battery and a "dry charged" battery is shipped without electrolyte. When dry charged batteries are sold, electrolyte (battery acid) is added, allowed to soak into the plates, charged (or "formed"), and put into service. This avoids having to maintain the batteries until they are sold.
Always carry jumper cables in your trunk to use in emergencies.
Always hook up your battery terminals correctly, as the Screw pipe clamp alternator may be damaged if the battery is hooked up backward.
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