 # Math Unit 10

Study Guide

Unit 10: Fractions

Chapter 1- Examples of test questions:

• Numerator – the top number that give the number of equal parts represented by the fraction
• What is the numerator of ¾?
• Denominator – the bottom number that gives equal parts the whole is divided into
• What is the denominator of 5/6?
• 5/6 = ___ sixths
• Making a whole
• ¾ and ___ make a whole
• 4/9 and ___ make a whole
• How many fourths are there in a whole?
• How many twelfths in a whole?
• 1 = ?/7
•
• Shade 7/8 of a figure with 8 pieces
• If a figure has pieces shaded – What fraction of the figure is / is not shaded?
• Comparing fractions
• Which is greater: 3/7 or 6/7?
• >, < between to fractions: 6/12 ____ 6/8
• Arrange in order – begin with greatest / least.
• 2/4, 2/7, 1/7, 2/9
• Write a fraction that is greater than 1/5.

Chapter 2- Examples of test questions:

• Write a fraction for a figure
• A figure as a whole is written as 1
• A figure in two pieces would be 2/2
• A figure in six pieces would be 6/6
• Write a fraction for shaded figures
• Two figures that are the same size, and have the same ratio shaded – however, the number of pieces differ
•  One figure has four pieces with two shaded and another has two pieces with one shaded: 2/4 = ½
• One figure has ten pieces with eight shaded and another has five pieces with four shaded: 8/10 = 4/5
• Equivalent
• ½, 2/4, 3/6, and 4/8 are all equivalent fractions; they all name the same part of the whole
• Change a fraction into an equivalent fraction by multiplying or dividing both the numerator and denominator by the same number
• ¾ = ?/12
• ¾ = 9/?
• 6/12 = 3/?
• Write an equivalent fraction for 3/8
• Write the missing numerator and denominator: ?/7 = 6/14 = 9/?
• A fraction can be simplified when its numerator and denominator can be divided by the same number: express 8/16 in its simplest form
• Which fractions are in their simplest forms?
• 6/12       4/8        2/3       7/9
• order the fractions in order starting with the greatest / least
• Which is the greater fraction?
• ¾ or 7/12
• 2/4 of the meal was salad.  2/3 of the meal was soup.  Was there more salad or soup?
• 4 and 3 both go into 12, so it may help multiply the numerator/denominator in each fraction so the denominator is 12. (2/4 x 3/3 = 6/12)
• Mom at 2/3 of the salad.  Dad ate 6/18 of the salad.  Sue ate 7/9 of the salad.  Who ate the most/least?
• Make the common denominator 18 to compare the fractions.

Chapter 3- Examples of test questions:

• To add like fractions, we add the numerator and the denominator stays the same (3/5 + 1/5 = 4/5).
• Various ways to add fractions.
• 4/9  + 2/9 = ___.  Give your answer in its simplest form.
• Circle divided.  If there are 10 pieces: 4 pieces are pink, 2 pieces are red, and 1 piece is blue, write an addition sentence with fractions.  What fraction is colored?  What fraction is not colored?
• Pictures of beakers shaded.  What fraction of the beaker is/is not filled?  Give the answer in its simplest form.
• Unit bar
• Shaded unit bar.  Write in a missing fraction to make the sentence complete.
• 4/7 + _____ = 1
• Number sentence given.  Shade the unit bar to show the addition sentence.
• 5/8 + 3/8 = ___ (shade in five pieces, but leave three of the eight blank and fill in the blank as 8/8)
• ?/12 + ?/12 = 9/12 = ¾ (fill in the blanks so the numerators need to add up to 9)
• Eric ate ¾ cup of nuts yesterday and another ¼ cup today.  How much did he eat in all?
• A 1 liter bottle contains 2/4 liters of a liquid.  Another ¼ is added.  How much liquid is there now?  Can the bottle hold any more liquid?
• Mrs. Tokkesdal walked the trail in her neighborhood three times.  The trail was 4/19 km long.  What was the total she walked?  Express your answer as a fraction in its simple form.

Chapter 4- Examples of test questions:

• To subtract like fractions, we subtract the numerators.  The denominator stays the same (4/5 – 1/5 = 3/5)
• Subtract fractions in various ways.
• Unit bar shaded and students label the various parts in fractions.  Count the parts and label how many pieces total (If nine pieces: 9/9).  Count the shaded (3/9) and parts not shaded (6/9) and label them.  Write a subtraction sentence using the fractions (9/9 – 3/9 = 6/9).
• Be careful because some questions only mark part of the unit bar for the problem.  For instance, there could be 12 pieces, but they may only be working with 7 pieces for the total.
• Subtract 6/8 from 8/8.
• Find the difference between 5/9 and 8/9.  Give your answer in its simplest form.
• 1 – 7/18 = ___ (Change 1 to 18/18.  18/18 – 7/18 = ___)
• 1 – 8/18 – 7/18 = _____
• 17/18 – 13/18 - ?/18 = 2/18 Write the missing numerator
• The pie was cut into 6 equal pieces.  Sophia ate 1/6.  Samuel and Wyatt each ate 2/6 of the pie.  What fraction of the pie was left?
• The French bread was cut into 12 equal pieces.  Madeline took 3 pieces and Jack took 5 pieces.  What fraction of the bread was left?
• Emily divided the lemonade into 6 equal portions.  She gave 3/6 of it to Brenna.  What fraction of the lemonade was left?
• A 1 liter bottle contains 6/7 liter of a liquid.  3/7 liter was poured into one container and 2/7 liter into another.  How much was poured?  How much was left in the bottle?

Chapter 5- Examples of test questions:

• Up until now, students have only dealt with fractions as fractions of one whole.  Here, the concept of fraction of a set of more than one object is introduced.
• To find 1/5 of a set of 20 objects, we can divide the set of 20 into 5 equal parts and determine how many objects there are in one part.
• To find 3/5 of 20, we also divide the set of 20 into 5 equal parts.  Then we determine how many objects there are in three parts.
• Various objects are drawn.  What fraction of the objects are ___?
• Lets say there are 15 circles.  7 are dotted, 4 are shaded, 3 are striped, and 1 is blank.  What fraction of the circles are shaded?
• Lets say there are 8 objects.  4 are rectangles and 4 are hexagons.  Use the figure to find ½ of 8.  ½ of 8 is ___.
• ?/? of 12 is ___.  12 objects are in 4 equal groups.  One group of 3 is shaded. The answer would be ¼ of 12 is 3.
• What is 1/3 of 9?
• Davis had 9 m of electrical cord.  He needed 2/3 of it for the science experiment.  How many meters did he have left?
• Preston-Nicolas had 8 markers.  He used ¾ of his markers to decorate his Sail America brochure.  How many markers did he use?

Chapter 6- Examples of test questions:

• Read and write a sum of money as a fraction of another sum of money.  For example, 3 dimes out of a total of 10 dimes is 3/10 of a dollar.
• Pictures of various coins.  How many coins are there?  What fraction of the coins are dimes?
• What fraction of a dollar is:
• \$0.75? ___
• 1 penny? ____
• What is 20/100 of a dollar? ____
• 10 pennies are ?/? of a dollar. (Write a fraction)
• How much do a dime, three nickels and five pennies make? \$_____
• What fraction of a dollar is that?
• Zoe has 6 dimes, 2 nickels, 8 quarters, and 9 pennies.
• What fraction of her coins are nickels?
• What fraction of a dollar are the 9 pennies?
• How much does she have altogether?
• She changed 5 pennies for a nickel.  What fraction of her coins are pennies now?
• Shaylie has 80c.  What is 80c as a fraction of a dollar?
• The 80c she has is made up of 4 dimes, 2 nickels, 1 quarter, and 5 pennies.  What fraction of the coins do the nickels make up?

Unit 10 Cumulative Test:

• Review all of Units 1 - 10