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Study Corner


Study Corner

This page is designed to help kids study for upcoming tests and quizzes.  Important information from the notes will be included at the top of the section.    I will also include links to other websites to help apply the basic concepts and information. Kids can show the Prezi I created to review which has videos and links.  These Prezis were used in the classroom to introduce the topic. These additional resources should help when preparing for tests and quizzes.


Rocks

Properties of Rocks (how we categorize them)        

   Texture-visible minerals or grains        

   Layering                         

   Color/Patterns 

**Rocks are found in layers.


Soil

Soil is formed from weathered rock and decaying plant material.

Composition (what it’s made of)

1. Small rocks

2. Decomposed pieces of plants and animals

3. Products of plants and animals

 Soil Properties (How we identify and classify them)

1. Color

2. Capacity to retain water (how much water it holds)

3. Capacity to grow plants in

4. Texture 

Kinds of soils 

Kind of soil                                How it feels                    Holds shape when wet     

Sandy

Feels grittyWon’t stick together when wet
SiltyFeels powderyWill stick together when wet but will not hold together after it dries
ClayFeels stickyStays together when wet

Soil is also found in layers, with the topsoil on top

  • Rocks and Soil Links

Soil Safari

http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schooladventures/soil/soil_safari.html

  • Rocks and Soil Review game

http://reviewgamezone.com/game.php?id=3498&button=Find


Earth’s Processes-

Weathering-the process that breaks down and changes rocks (also called mechanical weathering) 

Weathering can occur at different paces:

Fast processes:

Volcanic eruptions, Earthquakes, Landslides

Slow processes:

Erosion-the moving of weathered rock and/or soil

 *Flowing water is the main cause of erosion.

Wind

Caused by moving materials over surfaces and making them rough
WaterCaused by water moving over the surface and making it smooth
IceCaused by freezing and thawing
Plant growthRoots grow inside and breaking apart rocks

 Deposition-the dropping of material moved by erosion

*The soil/rock erodes then it’s deposited in another place.

Landforms created by deposition: 

                       Landform                         How it’s formed

Dunes

Caused by wind dropping sand
DeltasCaused by moving water that picks up sand and sediment and carries it until the current slows down and the sediment is dropped and builds up over time.
MorainesCreated by glaciers moving slowly over the land and dropping rock and soil
  • Weathering Prezi

http://prezi.com/60a8jicet3x5/earths-changing-surface/

 

  • Weathering Links

Virtual lab on water erosion    http://www.unitedstreaming.com/videos/dsc/externalApplications/virtual_labs-es/Erosion/index.html

 Shape it up!      http://www.sciencenetlinks.com/interactives/shapeitup.html
  • Review game:

Rocks, soil weathering:          http://www.reviewgamezone.com/preview.php?id=3500


Earth’s Resources 

Resource-something that people use (rocks, soil)

           

2 kinds:

 Renewable-resources that can be replaced within a reasonably short period of time (trees, water, air, wildlife)Nonrenewable-resources that cannot ever be replaced                   

       Examples:

              Fossil fuels-plant and animal remains that turn into fossils then turn into coal, oil, and natural gas 

Ways to extend the life of nonrenewable resources: 3R’s                                       

Reduce

use less of the resource
Reuseuse the resource again
Recyclenew materials are made from old ones
  • Resources Prezi

http://prezi.com/t8knwg1dpcrw/resources/

  • Conservation Prezi

http://prezi.com/k7_q16x95x5j/conservation-of-resources/

  • Resources Links

Power Up!- http://www.kineticcity.com/controlcar/activity.php?virus=enervia&act=4

Hungry Mice (renewable/nonrenewable resources) http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/exhibitions/energy/site/EIZgames.asp

Watt’s That Jr. (Jeopardy type game)- http://www.energyquest.ca.gov/wattsthat_junior/namethis/index.html

 Recycle Roundup http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Games/ActionGames/Recycle-roundup

Wonderville-Energy Street http://www.wonderville.ca/asset/energy-street-energy-conservation  

 Kinetic City   http://www.kineticcity.com/controlcar/activity.php?act=4&virus=flossil  
  •  Resources Review game
http://reviewgamezone.com/game.php?id=3500&button=Find

 
Weather
Water Cycle
  • Precipitation
  • Evaporate/evaporation
  • Condense/condensation
  • Water vapor
  • Humidity   
       
 Know the different forms that water takes in the water cycle:         
 Sleet, hail, rain, fog, water vapor, snow 
Clouds 
 
Name of Cloud     Appearance        Location                  Weather
Cumulonimbus  HighRain, thunderstorms, hail, wind
CirrusHighest clouds50-55,000 ft.Good
Cumulus Low  5,000 ftFair weather, these clouds grow on sunny days
StratusLowestLight rain, drizzle, flurries, overcast
 Weather Instruments
 Rain gauge measures how much rain you’ve received
Barometer measures air pressure
Thermometer measures thermal energy in both Fahrenheit and Celsius
Anemometer measures wind speed   
 
Be able to read a weather chart and tell what kind of climate it represents and what kind of weather they are having.
  • Weather Links 

Wild weather gamehttp://scijinks.jpl.nasa.gov/weather/fun/wwa/wwa.shtml

Clouds slider puzzlerhttp://spaceplace.nasa.gov/en/kids/cloudsat_puz.shtml

Cloudshttp://eo.ucar.edu/webweather/cloud3.html

Water cycle interactivehttp://www.crickweb.co.uk/assets/resources/flash.php?&file=changingstate

Scholastic Weather makerhttp://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/wwatch/index.htm

Ed Heads weatherhttp://www.edheads.org/activities/weather/ 

Make a snowflakehttp://whyfiles.org/2010/make-a-snowflake/ 

Play with lightninghttp://whyfiles.org/2010/play-with-lightning/

Control a tornadohttp://whyfiles.org/2010/control-a-tornado/

Make a rainbowhttp://whyfiles.org/2010/make-rainbows/

Thunder and Lightning

http://www.jason.org/digital_library/2826.aspx

  • Weather Prezi
http://prezi.com/i664lxbjn2ng/weather/
  • Weather Review game
http://reviewgamezone.com/game.php?id=3416&button=Find

 Earth
Characteristics of the Earth 
 *75% covered by water (some which is frozen in the form of glaciers)
*There is a thin blanket of air surrounding the Earth called the atmosphere. 
Shape of the Earth
*Spherical (Round)
*Different places get different amounts of energy from the sun because of its shape (the poles get less energy because it doesn’t hit them directly).
 Tilt of the Earth 
*Earth is tilted 23 degrees
*Always tilted the same amount
*Tilt of the Earth determines seasons 
When a location is tilted toward the Sun it gets the most direct sunlight.  These days are longer and warmer (summer). When a location is tilted away from the Sun it gets less direct sunlight.  These days are shorter and are colder. 
Orbit
*The orbit is elliptical (oval) 

*This elliptical shape is exaggerated. The orbit of the Earth is almost circular

 
  •  Earth Prezi
http://prezi.com/0_2jx4hb95he/earth/
  • Earth's Characteristics Review Game
http://reviewgamezone.com/game.php?id=3418&button=Find
  •  Websites
http://www.learner.org/jnorth/tm/mclass/jr/DayYear/TimeDay1.html
Seasons
http://astro.unl.edu/classaction/animations/coordsmotion/eclipticsimulator.html   
Seasons image
http://www.absorblearning.com/media/attachment.action?quick=a1&att=714
Changing Earth’s tilthttp://janus.astro.umd.edu/astro/seasons/
   
 Day and night 
http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/content/visualizations/es0408/es0408page01.cfm?chapter_no=04
Earth, Sun and Moon
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/scienceclips/ages/9_10/earth_sun_moon.shtmlhttp://www.engineeringinteract.org/resources/astroadventure.htm
Why the stars seem to move
http://www.valdosta.edu/~cbarnbau/astro_demos/frameset_seasons.html
Sun/Moon/Earth movement
http://www.forgefx.com/casestudies/prenticehall/ph/eclipse/eclipses.htm

http://www.engineeringinteract.org/resources/astroadventure.htm

 

Sun
The Sun is a STAR at the center of the solar system. The Sun is a medium sized star.  
 Some stars are larger like Betelgeuse, whose size is 500 times bigger than our Sun.  Betelgeuse appears smaller in the sky because the Sun is closer to the Earth.   
Some planets look larger than stars even though they aren’t.  This is because the planets are so much closer to Earth. 
Reasons that some stars look larger
1.     size
2.   distance   
Sun Prezi
https://prezi.com/secure/e2068b42353ae5d52f4338a5676d1f3a15f5e4b5/
  • Websites
Influence of planets on the Sun
http://astro.unl.edu/classaction/animations/extrasolarplanets/ca_extrasolarplanets_starwobble.html
life cycle of the sun
http://janus.astro.umd.edu/astro/stars/SunsLife.htm
llife cycle of a sta
rhttp://sunshine.chpc.utah.edu/labs/star_life/starlife_sequence.html

The Planets
Astronomy   
Planets: Mercury  Venus  Earth  Mars  Jupiter  Saturn  Uranus  Neptune
Length of orbit is related to its position.  (It takes Mercury less time to orbit the Sun than Jupiter.)
*Moon revolves once around Earth every 28 days
*One full year (365 days) to make one trip around the Sun  
*Day and night occur because the Earth rotates every 24 hours like a basketball spinning on a finger.
  • Planets Prezi
https://prezi.com/secure/0e30d1a684d52cd3f99b100e29f46bf7e608dac7/
  • Solar System Websites
 Amazing Space http://amazing-space.stsci.edu/resources/explorations/
Alien Earth   http://www.alienearths.org/online/interactives/planet_families/index.php
 *Astro Adventure (good review) http://www.seekscience.org/interact/
Go to the head of the solar system   http://www.nasa.gov/audience/forkids/kidsclub/flash/games/levelfive/KC_Solar_System.html
Planet Hop (good review for order of planets)   http://www.scholastic.com/play/planet.htm
 Solar Symphony Game    http://science.discovery.com/tv/space-week/solar-symphony/solar-symphony.html
Tour of the Solar System cartoon/interactive http://www.toonuniversity.com/planets_demo.html
Earth and Space Quiz

http://www.quizrevolution.com/ch/a131036/go/earth_and_space_quiz
Physical Science Review
Virtual Lab-Go to Sound, Heat and Light
http://www.discoveryeducation.com/administrators/curricular-resources/science/
String Thing
http://pbskids.org/designsquad/games/string_thing/index.html
Virtual lab-go to get connected
http://scienceofeverydaylife.discoveryeducation.com/innovation/
Launchball-energy (difficult) heating ice 
http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/launchpad/launchball/
Virtual lab-Too Hot to handle  http://scienceofeverydaylife.discoveryeducation.com/innovation/
Life Science 
Animal Webquest
http://www.saskschools.ca/~gregory/arctic/Awildlife.html
Venn Diagram
http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/interactives/venn/
Build yourself wild
http://www.buildyourwildself.com/
Virtual Lab-Pond-er This
http://www.discoveryeducation.com/administrators/curricular-resources/science/
Fishing game
http://www.planet-science.com/categories/under-11s/what-do-you-know-about/2010/09/what-do-you-know-aboutthe-seasons.aspx
Virtual lab-Critters
http://school.discoveryeducation.com/sciencefaircentral/Science-Fair-Projects/Practice-Investigation-with-Virtual-Labs.html
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