Carbonated Water 1

Carbonated water, also known as sparkling water, fizzy water, seltzer, and water with gas, (collectively as an aerated beverage), is plain water into which carbon dioxide gas has been dissolved, and is the major and defining component of most soft drinks. The process of dissolving carbon dioxide gas is called carbonation. It results in the formation of carbonic acid (which has the chemical formula H2CO3). Carbonated water, also known as soda water, can be produced in the home by "charging" a refillable seltzer bottle by filling it with water and then adding carbon dioxide. The process can also occur naturally to produce carbonated mineral water.