4th Grade Genres
There are two main types of reading material --
fiction and non-fiction. Both types may be further divided into
genres. A genre is simply a fancy name for a group of books which share style, form, or content.
All of the information in a non-fiction book is based on the known true
facts. Nothing can be made up. Non-fiction books include how-to
books, science books, history books, biographies, autobiographies,
and much more. Non-fiction books can be about any subject.
A biography is the story of a real person's life, written or told by
An autobiography is the story of a real person's life, written or told by
Fictional stories may be based on actual events or people or may be
based entirely on the author's imagination, but fictional stories all
contain elements that are made-up or created by the author.
Fictional stories that take place in modern time, right here and now.
The characters are involved in events that could really happen.
Fictional stories, usually realistic, about a mysterious event which is
not explained or a crime that is not solved until the end of the story to
keep the reader in suspense.
Fiction that contains elements that are NOT realistic, such as talking
animals, magical powers, etc. Make-believe is what this genre is all
Stories which include futuristic technology; a blend of scientific fact and
Stories which take place in a particular time period in the past. Often
the basic setting is real, but the characters are fictional.
Folk Tales, Tall Tales, and Fairy Tales
Folk tales are stories with no known creator. They were originally
passed down from one generation to another by word of mouth. The
authors on folk tale books today are retelling these stories. Although,
folk tales are sometimes based on real historical figures, there are
fictional elements to the story. Tall tales are generally folk tales in which
the main character is bigger than life in some way. (ex: Paul Bunyan)
Fairy tales were often created to teach children behavior in an
Myths are stories that usually explain something about the world and
involve gods and other supernatural beings.
Poetry is verse written to create a response of thought and feeling
from the reader. It often uses rhythm and rhyme to help convey its