7th Grade American History
St. Therese Catholic School
7th Grade American History / Unit 1 Pre-Test Questions
Instructions: Make sure you have completed all the reading, reading questions, complete the reviews watch the films and answer the film questions for Unit 1 and then you will be ready to take the exam for Unit 1. Below are all the questions and some of the notes for Unit 1. The films below will open by clicking on the link for each film. For the Hippocampus reading, copy and paste the reading link into your browser to open the reading assignment, or 1. Go to Hippocampus.org 2. Click on the US History Tab 3. Click on the US History II for AP * / under the text tab, find the reading assignment and click on it
Hippocampus / Christopher Columbus Reading
http://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=AP US History I&lesson=1&topic=2&width=800&height=684&topicTitle=Christopher%20Columbus&skinPath=http://www.hippocampus.org/hippocampus.skins/default
1. (t-f) During the Middle Ages, Europeans knew little, if anything, about the existence of the Americas.
2. What did Columbus’ father do for a living?
3. What made the sharing of information much easier during the time of Columbus?
4. Where was Columbus born?
5. Who was the King and Queen of Spain who agreed to sponsor Columbus’ plan?
6. What were the names of the three ships Columbus used on his first voyage?
7. Who spotted land?
8. (t-f) Columbus never set foot on any land that is now the United States.
9. How many total voyages did Columbus make?
10. (t-f) Columbus always believed he had found an all water route to the Orient.
Hippocampus / Spanish Explorers Reading
http://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=AP US History I&lesson=3&topic=1&width=800&height=684&topicTitle=Spanish%20Explorers&skinPath=http://www.hippocampus.org/hippocampus.skins/default
1. (t-f) Columbus’s return from the New World created an abundance of activity throughout Europe.
2. Why were the Indian civilizations of South and Central America prime targets for invasion?
3. Why did the Portuguese settle Brazil?
4. The lust for ______ was a common motivator that sometimes drove the explorers to perform heinous acts against the Native Americans.
5. Who was the first European to set foot on land that is now the United States?
6. Who was the Spanish explorer who went searching for the fountain of youth?
7. Who was the Spanish explorer who searched the southwestern United States in search of the fabled treasures of the Seven Cities of Cibola?
8. Who was the Spanish explorer e who traveled through Florida, into the Carolinas, and westward toward the Mississippi River where he became the first European to view the “Father of Waters”?
9. What was the Black Legend?
Hippocampus / Cortes defeat the Aztecs Reading
http://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=AP US History I&lesson=1&topic=3&width=800&height=684&topicTitle=Cort%E9s%20Defeats%20the%20Aztecs&skinPath=http://www.hippocampus.org/hippocampus.skins/default
1. Who was commissioned by the governor of Cuba in 1519 to expand the Spanish empire into Mexico?
2. What was the capital of the Aztecs that was overflowing with gold and silver and other riches?
3. Who was the emperor of the Aztecs?
4. Cortés was allowed into the Aztec capital because they believed that he was the legendary god _____.
5. What frightened the Aztecs?
6. Who was the Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas?
Hippocampus / Jamestown Colony Reading
http://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=AP US History I&lesson=4&topic=1&width=800&height=684&topicTitle=The%20Jamestown%20Colony&skinPath=http://www.hippocampus.org/hippocampus.skins/default
1. Who in 1585, made the first English settlement attempt by setting up a colony of about 100 men on the east coast of North America? ?
2. What was the name of the lost colony founded by Sir Walter Raleigh?
3. What strengthened England’s attempt to colonize the New World?
4. Why did Henry VIII of England break away from the Roman Catholic Church?
5. Who was the daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon who came to the throne after her father’s death and attempted to bring England back into the Catholic fold?
6. Who was the most famous English “sea dog” who captured Spanish treasure ships and netted profits of about 4,600 percent for his financial backers?
7. Why King Phillip of Spain attacked England in 1588?
8. How many men and ships did Phillip send to attack England?
9. How was England able to defeat the Spanish Armada?
10. (t-f) The historically significant defeat of the Spanish Armada ensured England’s dominance in the North Atlantic.
11. What was the law of primogeniture?
12. What was the name of the first permanent English settlement in the New World?
13. Why were the first few years at Jamestown difficult for the settlers?
14. Who said at Jamestown “He who does not work, does not eat. ”?
15. According to legend, who was the Indian girl who saved his life?
16. The inter of 1609-1610 was called _________ when most of the settlers died of hunger and pestilence, leaving alive only 60 of the 400 who had come to Virginia by 1609.
17. Who married Pocahontas?
18. What crop saved Jamestown?
19. What allowed the settlers to choose delegates to advise the governor, and from these beginnings sprang a new pattern of representative self-government in America.
20. How many English colonists were killed in First Anglo-Powhatan War by Indians in 1622?
21. (t-f) The Indians won the Second Anglo-Powhatan War in 1644.
Hippocampus / The Plymouth Colony Reading
http://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=AP US History I&lesson=4&topic=2&width=800&height=684&topicTitle=The%20Plymouth%20Colony&skinPath=http://www.hippocampus.org/hippocampus.skins/default
1. What church became England’s official church during Queen Elizabeth’s reign from 1558 to 1603?
2. What group wanted to “purify” Anglicanism?
3. Who felt God was all-powerful and all-good and that humans were naturally weak and wicked proposed that from the beginning of time everyone was either predestined for eternal bliss or eternal torment?
4. What religious group was not satisfied with the slow progress of the Protestant Reformation in England?
5. What was the name of the small that broke away from the Church of England completely and in 1606; they severed all ties to the Church of England. ?
6. In what year did the Pilgrims come to the New World?
7. What was the name of the ship that carried the Pilgrims to the New World?
8. What was the name of the written laws that was signed by forty-one adult men on the Mayflower?
9. Who was the elected governor who was largely responsible for the infant colony's success?
10. (t-f) About half of the settlers died during the first winter at Plymouth Colony.
11. Who was the Indian who introduced the Pilgrims to Massasoit, the leader of the Wampanoag tribe and showed the Pilgrims where to fish and how to farm?
Hippocampus / Massachusetts Bay Colony Reading
http://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=AP US History I&lesson=5&topic=1&width=800&height=684&topicTitle=Massachusetts%20Bay%20Colony&skinPath=http://www.hippocampus.org/hippocampus.skins/default
1. Name the two groups in the Puritan Community in the early seventeenth century?
2. Which English King removed ministers with Puritan tendencies and threatened church elders who harbored such ministers?
3. How many English settlers came to Massachusetts Bay Colony during the 1630’s?
4. (t-f) The Massachusetts Bay Company was primarily intended to be a business venture, but the colony was also used as a refuge for Puritans.
5. What English colony quickly became the largest and most influential of all of the New England colonies?
6. Name the four New England Colonies:
7. The _____________ work ethic meant they were decidedly committed to working hard and to developing the community, in both material and spiritual ways.
8. What was the most important building in a Puritan town?
9. Who was the first governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony?
10. Who was the minister who gave a sermon called “A Model of Christian Charity,” during which he outlined God’s purpose for the Bay Colony?
11. Who said; “We shall be a city set on a hill. "
12. (t-f) The Puritans believed that the Church was the center of life.
Hippocampus / The Puritans Religion Reading
http://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=AP US History I&lesson=5&topic=2&width=800&height=684&topicTitle=The%20Puritan%20Religion&skinPath=http://www.hippocampus.org/hippocampus.skins/default
1. What religious group led their lives based on a group of strong beliefs and felt that all events are foreknown and foreordained by God and that God chose who was saved and who was damned?
2. (t-f) The Puritans believed that the whole community was the church and their worship services were simple and dominated by long sermons in which their clergy expounded passages from the Bible.
3. The _____________ work ethic meant they were decidedly committed to working hard and to developing the community, in both material and spiritual ways.
Hippocampus / Dissention in the Bay Colony
http://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=AP US History I&lesson=5&topic=3&width=800&height=684&topicTitle=Dissention%20in%20the%20Bay%20Colony&skinPath=http://www.hippocampus.org/hippocampus.skins/default
1. What English Colony was a tight-knit group, founded on the ideal of being a harmonious community of people who agreed to work together and abide by the wishes of the larger community?
2. According to Puritan theology, if people allowed God’s will to rule and guide the community, what would follow?
3. (t-f) In a Puritan society, harmony and faith, not tolerance, were the guiding principles.
4. Who was the Puritan dissenter who was a highly educated and held a strong belief in an individual’s freedom of worship, believed that the Puritans should respect the land rights of the Indians and that the Puritan government had no right to tax the people in the community? / What did the Puritans to do him?
5. Who settled at Narragansett Bay in 1636 and established the Baptist church?
6. Who was the founder of Rhode Island who believed that government had no right to tell people what church to attend and therefore Rhode Island practiced freedom of religion?
7. What was the most liberal of the 13 English Colonies?
8. What colony did The Puritan clergy in Massachusetts view as the “sink” of New England where the “Lord’s debris” rotted?
9. Who was an articulate, strong-willed woman whose views developed out of the Puritan tradition clashed with the authorities who preserved Puritanism, who challenged the Puritan views on salvation and believed that all one needed to be admitted into Heaven was faith and God’s saving grace and that leading a holy life was not a guarantee of salvation?
10. What did the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s leaders accuse Hutchinson of?
11. Who was arrested and brought to trial in 1638 for challenging the clergy and Puritan way and for asserting her view of the "Covenant of Grace," or the belief that moral conduct and piety should not be the primary qualifications for "visible sanctification"?
12. Who was the founder of Connecticut in 1635 and helped draft the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut?
13. What written constitution created in Connecticut was very unique because it did not make reference to the King or any other government or power outside of Connecticut?
14. In what year did the King of England separate New Hampshire from Massachusetts thereby making New Hampshire a royal colony?
15. What virtually eliminated the Pequot tribe?
16. Who was the Native American who led a year-long attack on 52 Puritan towns and whose wife and son were captured and sold into slavery and he was captured and beheaded?
17. How many people died in King Phillip’s War?
18. What attempted to stop American trade with anyone not ruled by England through Navigation Laws?
19. In what year did the King of England make Massachusetts a royal colony and institute a royal governor?
20. (t-f) The New England colonies of Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island were founded as a part utopian experiment and part commercial venture.
II. Class Quiz: Jamestown
Utube Jamestown Review Link - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rPYLjP75R7A
1. What were the names of the three ships that brought the Gentlemen to Jamestown?
2. (t-f) Gentlemen felt it was an insult to work.
3. (t-f) Many people starved to death at Jamestown rather than to work.
4. Who said; “He who does not work, does not eat. ”
5. Who was the Indian girl who is said to have saved the life of Captain John Smith?
6. Who married Pocahontas?
7. (t-f) Corn was the main crop crown in Jamestown.
8. Who was the guy who introduced tobacco at Jamestown?
9. (t-f) Jamestown colony died out completely by 1620.
10. (t-f) The main reason people came to Jamestown was to enjoy religious freedom.
III. Film Questions: Cortes Film Questions, Spanish Settlements in the New World Film Questions, Roanoke and Jamestown Film Questions.
Cortes Film Questions
Utube Link - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S-iMeEnu-YY
1. (t-f) The Spaniards came to the New World not only for their king, but to make money for themselves.
2. (t-f) Cortes was able to defeat the Aztecs without the help of Indian allies.
3. (t-f) Within 100 years after the Spanish invasion into the Western Hemisphere, 90% of the indigenous population was gone.
4. What was the worst killer of the native tribes after the Spanish Invasion into the Western Hemisphere?
5. What new race of people emerged from the Spanish Invasion of the Western Hemisphere?
6. How many Indian languages are still spoken in Mexico?
Spanish Settlements in the New World Film Questions
1. (t-f) Columbus always felt he was somewhere off the coast of China.
2. (t-f) The Spanish had the largest empire in the New World.
3. List two of the four large stepping stone islands into North America, Central America and South America?
4. (t-f) The Spanish had the reputation of being cruel towards the Indian tribes in the Western Hemisphere.
5. What was the “Black Legend”?
6. (t-f) Spain desired to bring Christianity to the Indians in the Western Hemisphere.
7. What killed most of the Indians in the Western Hemisphere?
8. What was the first island the Spanish colonized in the New World?
9. (t-f) About 90% of the Indians in Hispaniola died of European deceases.
10. Who was the conquistador who conquered the Aztecs?
11. What did the Aztecs do that repulsed the Spanish?
12. Who was the leader of the Aztecs?
13. Who sacked the Inca Empire in Peru?
14. Who was the wealthiest Spanish man in the Americas?
15. (t-f) Spain never became rich because of the conquest of the Americas.
16. How did Spain lose some of her wealth from the Americas?
17. Who searched for the Seven Lost Cities of Gold (Cibola)?
18. Who died and body was buried in the Mississippi River?
19. (t-f) The Royal Orders of New Discovery discouraged cruel treatment and the killing of Indians by the Spanish.
20. Why the Indians have one foot chopped off in New Mexico?
21. (t-f) In the beginning, the settlement of Sante Fe faced hardships.
22. (t-f) The Rio Grande Valley in the Southwest was considered the best section of land.
23. (t-f) The Spanish missionaries did what was ever necessary to convert the Indians to Christianity.
24. (t-f) The Indians never accepted the Spanish missionaries or Christianity.
25. What did the Indians believe that Spanish missionaries were doing that killed their people?
26. Who led the Pueblo Indians in a revolt which drove out the Spanish in Sante Fe?
28. (t-f) The Spanish were successful in the settling of the Southwest.
29. What war ended all of Spain’s holdings in the Western Hemisphere?
30. How many Spanish missions were built in Texas?
31. (t-f) Spanish roots in the Southwest can be seen in the naming of states, cities and rivers.
32. What is the Spanish word for cowboy?
Roanoke and Jamestown Film Questions
1. When did Sir Walter Raleigh send about 100 men for the first time to settle at Roanoke?
2. (t-f) Roanoke was part of Virginia.
3. (t-f) It was difficult for ships to bring supplies to Roanoke.
4. What made crowing crops almost impossible at Roanoke?
5. (t-f) Sir Francis Drake brought all the settlers back to England from Roanoke because things sere so bad.
6. In what year did Sir Walter Raleigh try again to start a settlement at Roanoke?
7. How many women and how many children came to Roanoke in 1687?
8. What was carved into a tree when John White came back to Roanoke?
9. (t-f) The entire colonist population disappeared off the colony of Roanoke.
10. (t-f) One theory of what happened to the colonists on Roanoke was that Indians killed all the settlers or they were captured and forced to live with the Indians.
11. (t-f) No one really knows for sure what happened to the colonists on Roanoke.
12. What were the names of the ships that brought the English to Jamestown Colony in 1607?
13. How many settlers came to Jamestown in 1607? / How many were still alive at the end of the first year?
14. Who was the leader of the Jamestown Colony who forced them to work in the fields for six hours a day and said “He who does not work does not eat. ”
15. How old was Pocahontas when she first met Captain John Smith?
16. Who married Pocahontas?
17. What was the name of the system that gave a settler in Jamestown 50 acres of land for every servant that they brought?
18. What crop saved Jamestown?
19. Who said about tobacco, “It is a costume loathsome to the eyes, hateful to the nose, harmful to the brain and dangerous to the lungs. ”
20. What decreased the Algonquin Indians from 24,000 in 1607 to 2,000 by 1669?
IV. Class Notes: Famous Spanish Explorers of the New World & Note Questions. Study the notes below to answer the questions on Famous Spanish Explorers.
Famous Early Spanish Explorers (1492 - 1567)
1492: Christopher Columbus voyage to America, the New World, was financed by the King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain
1492: Christopher Columbus visits the Dominican Republic, which he names Hispaniola (translates as Little Spain)
1492: Haiti and Jamaica discovered by Christopher Columbus
1493: The island of Montserrat, in the Caribbean Sea, was named after the mountain by Christopher Columbus
1494: Spain and Portugal claimed the lands of the New World
1496: Spaniards set up first Spanish colony in the Dominican Republic and Santo Domingo was founded by Bartholomew Columbus, which subsequently served as the capital of all Spanish colonies in South America
1498: Christopher Columbus landed in Venezuela
1502: Columbus sails on his fourth and last voyage to the New World (Honduras and Panama)
1502: Spanish explorer Rodrigo de Bastidas visits Panama, which was home to Cuna, Choco, Guaymi and other indigenous peoples
1502: Christopher Columbus lands at "Cariari," now known as Puerto Limon
1513: Vasco Nunez de Balboa, Spanish explorer, crossed the Isthmus of Panama and claimed the Pacific Ocean for Spain
1516: Juan Diaz de Solis became the first European to land in Uruguay
1517: Spanish expedition under Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba (1475-1526) lands on the Yucatan coast in Mexico
1519: Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes (1485-1547) founds Veracruz in Mexico
1519: Cortes enters Tenochtitlan and captures Moctezuma II ( aka Montezuma ) in Mexico
Famous Spanish Explorers in the New World (1520 - 1570)
1520: The Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro led an expedition into Peru
1523: Spanish conquistador Pedro de Alvarado led a Spanish expedition from Mexico and invaded Guatemala
1524: Spanish conquistador Pedro de Alvarado lands in El Salvador in Guatamala
1525: Spain begins conquest of Puerto Rica (Rich Coast)
1528: Juan de Zumarraga (1468-1548) arrives as bishop of Mexico City and begins native conversion to Catholicism
1535: Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro overthrew the Incan Empire and Ecuador came under the rule of Spain
1535: The Spanish conquistadors colonize the area of Venezuela
1536: 1538 Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada (1509-1579) led an expedition into the Andes and obtained massive amounts of emeralds and gold in Colombia
1540: Spanish conquistador Cabeza de Vaca was appointed governor of the Brazilian province of Rio de la Plata
1541: Pedro de Valdivia begins Spanish conquest of Chile and founds Santiago
1542: Spain invades Belize and conquest occurs
1545: The Spanish conquer Bolivia
1546: Rebellion and the Spanish are forced to leave Belize
1547: Cuba is colonised by the Spanish
1555: The Spanish claimed the Montserrat Islands
1561: Santa Cruz was founded by the Spaniard Nuflo de Chavez
1561: Spain's Juan de Cavallon leads the first successful Costa Rican colonisers
1567: The Spanish re-conquest of Belize
Famous Spanish Explorers Note Questions
1. Who was the Spanish conquistador in 1520 who led an expedition into Peru?
2. Who was the first European to land in Uruguay in 1516?
3. Who was the Spanish conquistador was appointed governor of the Brazilian province of Rio de la Plata in 1540?
4. Who was the Spanish conquistador who founded Veracruz in Mexico in 1519 and entered Tenochtitlan and captures Montezuma?
5. Who was the Spanish explorer who crossed the Isthmus of Panama and claimed the Pacific Ocean for Spain in 1513?
6. Who was Spanish conquistador led a Spanish expedition from Mexico and invaded Guatemala in 1523?
7. Who was Spanish conquistador who overthrew the Incan Empire and Ecuador came under the rule of Spain in 1535?
8. Who was the Spanish conquistador who led an expedition into the Andes and obtained massive amounts of emeralds and gold in Colombia?
9. In what year did the Spanish colonize Cuba? 1547
10. Who was the European who discovered Haiti and Jamaica in 1492?