A contraction is a word made by putting two words together. In a contraction, one or more letters are left out. An apostrophe is used in place of the missing letter or letters. Some contractions are formed by joing a pronoun and a verb. For example: it + is = it's, we + are = we're, I + am = I'm, they + will = they'll. Other contractions are formed by joing a verb and not. For example: was + not = wasn't, did + not = didn't, have + not = haven't, are + not = aren't. Be careful not to confuse the contraction it's with the possessive pronoun its.
Cut It Short Play a game with family members to see who can spot contractions around you, then tell what words they combine. Look for these shortcuts on signs, such as "Don't Walk," and in newspapers and magazines.