Science--Chapter 1B Measuring Matter

Chapter 1B Measuring Matter

1. What is Matter?

Mass is the amount of material in matter, and volume is the amount of space that matter takes up.

A property is something about matter that can be observed and tells you what the matter is like.

Matter can be mixed together in solutions and other mixtures.

2. How are length and volume measured?

Length is measured in meters.

Volume is measured in cubic meters or liters.

3. How do you find mass and density?

The metric system uses gram, milligram, and kilogram to measure mass.

Density is how much mass is in a certain volume of matter.

4. What are physcial changes?

A physical change is a change in size, shape, color, or state of matter.

Heating and cooling cause physcial changes in matter.

5. What are chemical changes?

A chemical change produces a completely different kind of matter.

Rusing, tarnishing, and burning are chemical changes of matter.



Vocabulary


Matter           anything that has mass and takes up space

Mass            the amount of material that an object has in it

Volume        the amount of space that matter takes up

Mixture        two or more substances that are mixed together but can be easily separated

Solution      a mixture in which one substance spreads evenly throughout another substance

Meter         a unit for measuring length

Cubic         meter a unit for measuring the volume of a solid

Liter           a unit for measuring volume

Graduated cylinder            a tool used to measure the volume of liquids

Gram        the basic unit for measuring mass

Density     how much mass is in a certain volume of matter

Physical change               a change in matter that changes physical properties but does not produce a different kind of matter

Melting point                    the temperature at which matter changes from a solid to a liquid

Boiling point                     the temperature at which matter changes from a liquid to a gas

Freezing point                  the temperature at which matter changes from a liquid to a solid

Chemical change a change in matter that produces a different kind of matter