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5ième année

Click on this link to practice counting to 100.
 

Here is the link to the song and animation to practice asking "What time is it?" and answering the question.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryfrench/pf2/what_time/cartoon_flash.shtml

 
 
 
 
MY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
 
Section 1
Introduction

 formal

 informal

 Bonjour!  Bonjour! Salut!
 Comment vous appellez-vous?  Comment t'appelles-tu?
 Je m'appelle _________.   Je m'appelle _________.
 Comment allez-vous?  Comment ça va?  Ça va?
 Ça va bien.  Bien.
 Ça va très bien.  Très bien.
 Ça va comme ci comme ça.  Comme ci comme ça.
 Ça va mal.  Mal.
 Ça va très mal.  Très mal.
 Ça va assez bien.  Assez bien.
 Au revoir  Au revoir / Salut
   À plus tard / À demain
   À bientôt
   Bonsoir / Bonne nuit
 
 
 
 Vocabulaire:
Mon école:
la bibliothèque
le bureau
la conciergerie
l'entrée
le gymnase
la salle des arts plastiques
la salle de musique
la salle des ordinateurs
la salle du personnel
la sortie
le stationnement
le terrain de jeux
les toilettes
le vestiaire
..............................................................
 
Personnes a mon ecole:
l'aide
un ami
une amie
un camarade de classe
une camarade de classe
le concierge
le directeur
la directrice
le directeur adjoint
la directrice adjointe
l'élève
le professeure
le/la secrétaire
la bibliothécaire
.............................................................. 
 
 
Numeros:
0 - zero
1 - un
2 - deux
3 - trois
4 - quatre
5 - cinq
6 - six
7 - sept
8 - huit
9 - neuf
10 - dix
11 - onze
12 - douze
13 - treize
14 - quatorze
15 - quinze
16 - seize
17 - dix-sept
18 - dix huit
19 - dix-neuf
20 - vingt
21 - vingt et un
30 - trente
31 - trente et un
40 - quarante
41 - quarante et un
50 - cinquante
51 - cinquante et un
60 - soixante
61 - soixante et un
70 - soixante-dix
71 - soixante-onze
80 - quatre-vingt
81 - quatre-vingt-un
90 - quatre-vingt-dix
91 - quatre-vingt-onze
100 - cent
200 - deux cent
300 - trois cent
1000 - mille
.............................................................. 

Helpful information

 
 
Day 3:
Voici la bibliothécaire.  Elle s'appelle Madame Tremblay.
Voici le professeur.  Il s'appelle Monsieur Renaud.
 
 
 
Day 4 & 5:
Asking and answering questions -
 
C'est le gymnase?
Oui c'est le gymnase.
or
Non, c'est la conciergerie.
 
Ce sont les concierges?
Oui, ce sont les concierges.
or
Non, ce sont les aides.
 
Est-ce que c'est le bureau?
Oui, c'est le bureau.
or
Non, c'est la salle des arts plastiques.
 
Est-ce que ce sont les professeures?
Oui, ce sont les professeures.
or
Non, ce sont les secretaires.
 
Qui est-ce?
C'est ______person____________.
 
Qu'est ce que c'est?
C'est ______thing/place_______.
(C'est la salle des ordinateurs.)
or
Ce sont  ______things/places_______.
(Ce sont les crayons.)
 
 
Day 6:

masculin singulier

 feminin singulier  masculin pluriel feminin pluriel  English equivalent
 petit  petite  petits  petites  small
 grand  grande  grands  grandes  tall or large
 gentil  gentille  gentils  gentilles  nice/kind
 sympa  sympa  sympas  sympas  nice/friendly
 sérieux  sérieuse  sérieux  sérieuses  serious
 intéressant  intéressante  intéressants  intéressantes  interesting
 beau  belle  beaux  belles  beautiful/handsome
 comique  comique  comiques  comiques  funny
 Le concierge est grand.
 La secrétaire est gentille.
M. Renaud et M. Martin sont comiques.
Mme Tremblay et Mlle Morin sont belles.

 
Day 7:
Travailler
je travaille
tu travailles
il travaille
elle travaille
nous travaillons
vous travaillez
ils travaillent
elles travaillent
 
Mme Polin travaille au bureau. / Elle travaille au bureau.
M. Morin travaille dans la salle de classe. / Il trvaille dans la salle de classe.
M. Martin et Mlle LaPlante travaillent dans notre ecole. / Ils travaillent dans notre ecole.
 
Day 8:
prepositions
 dans - in
sur - on
sous - under
derrière - behind
devant - in front
à côte de/du - beside
à gauche de/du - to the left
à droite de/du - to the right
 ****when the preposition phrase is placed before a masculine noun, you use du.
 example: Les toilettes sont à côte du gymnase.
 ****when it is placed before a feminine noun, you use de la.
example: La salle de musique est à droite de la salle de classe #3.
 ****when it is place before a noun beginning with a vowel, you use de l'.
example: Le bureau est à gauche de l'entrée.
 
Day 9:
Où est ________________?
    Où est le gymnase?
Où sont _______________?
    Où sont les toilettes?
Où se trouve __________?
    Où se trouve le bureau?
Où se trouvent _________?
    Où se trouvent les salles de classes?
 
 
Section 2
Vocabulaire:

l'anglais (le)
les annonces (la)
les arts plastiques (le)
la cloche
le cours
l'éducation physique (le)
les études sociales (la)
le français
le français langue seconde
l'heure de dîner (le)
l'horaire (le)
l'informatique (le)
les mathématiques (la)
les matières (la)
la musique
la récréation
la santé
les sciences (la)
.............................................................. 

Helpful information

 Day 1:

practice your vocabulary (see above)

Day 2:

***remember*** the letter h placed at the beginning of a noun is often called the silent h since it is not heard when the noun is pronounced.

     masculin feminin 
 definite article:  singulier  le / l'  la / l'

 (the) - referring to a specific

item/person.

 pluriel  les  les
 indefinite article:  singulier  un  une

 (a/an) - not referring to a specific

item/person.

 pluriel  des  des

Day 3:

dimanche, lundi, mardi, mercredi, jeudi, vendredi, samedi

à tous les jours = everyday

**the verb être is used to state on which days the subjects or classes are taking place.

La musique est le mardi et le vendredi.

Les arts plastiques sont le lundi.

Day 4:

practice your numbers (see above in Section 1)

Day 5:

Quelle heure est-il? (What time is it?)

Il est ___ heures. (It is ___ hours.)

Quelle heure est-il?

Il est 7 heures.

midi = noon

minuit = midnight

du matin = in the morning

de l'après midi = in the afternoon

du soir = in the night

***People will sometimes use the expressions du matin, de l’après-midi or du soir to avoid confusion when explaining at what time an event is taking place.  They do not use am or pm

Day 6:

C’est le temps de l’informatique.

C’est l’heure de la recréation.

***they both mean "It is time for..."­ 

Quelle heure est-il? Il est 2 h 30.

C’est l’heure de la lecture.

(What time is it? It’s 2:30 p.m. It’s time for reading.)

Day 7:

When a class is on some days: 

Les sciences sont le lundi, le mercredi et le

vendredi.

(Science is on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.)

L’informatique est le mardi et le jeudi.

(Computers is on Tuesdays and Thursdays.)

When a class is not on some days:

Les sciences ne sont pas le mardi et le jeudi.

(Science is not on Tuesdays and Thursdays.)

L’informatique n’est pas le lundi et le mercredi.

(Computers is not on Mondays and Wednesdays.)

****The word ne becomes n’ before a verb beginning with a vowel and it is always placed BEFORE the verb. The word

pas ALWAYS comes after the verb. When you see those two words in a sentence, it is a clue that it is a negative

sentence.

Day 8:

We use the verb Aimer to express what we like. Look at

the examples below.

J’aime le français. (I like French.)

Tu aimes l’éducation physique. (You like Physical Education.)

Il aime les sciences. (He likes Science.)

Elle aime les mathématiques. (She likes Math.)

The verb Aimer is also used to express what we don’t like. Look at examples below.

Je n’aime pas le français. ( I don’t like French.)

Tu n’aimes pas l’éducation physique. (You don’t like Physical Education.)

Il n’aime pas les sciences. (He doesn’t like Science.)

Elle n’aime pas les mathématiques. (She doesn’t like Math.)

The words ne/n’ and pas are clues to look for if you want to know if a sentence is negative.

Day 9:

The verb Préférer, like the verb Aimer, is used to express that you like something. However, it means that

if you had to choose between two things that you like, you would choose one over the other. It has a similar

meaning in English.

Karine and Émilie talked about which subjects they like but also which subjects they prefer to study at school.

Look at the examples below of how to use the verb Préférer. Notice that with the pronoun Tu, it takes an S.

Je préfère le français. (I prefer French.)

Tu préfères l’éducation physique. (You prefer Physical Education.)

Il préfère les sciences. (He prefers Science.)

Elle préfère les mathématiques. (She prefers Math.)

Section 3 - Healthy Snacks
 
 Vocabulaire:

see glossary
.............................................................. 

Helpful information

 Day 1:

practice your vocabulary (see glossary that was given to you in class) and watch the animation:

Les collations, c’est bon pour la santé!

Day 2:

Articles are divided in two large categories: definite articles and indefinite articles.

Le, la, l’, and les are definite articles. They are used when we are talking about a specific person, animal,

place, thing, event or idea.

Look at the examples below.

le biscuit (the cookie)

la boîte à lunch (the lunch box)

les barres de céréales (the granola bars)

Sometimes, they are used when we are talking in general terms about something.

Look at the examples below.

J’aime les biscuits. (I like cookies)

Je n’aime pas les fruits séchés. (I don’t like dried fruit.)

Un, une, and des are indefinite articles. They are used when we are NOT talking about a specific person, animal,

place, thing, event or idea.

Look at the examples below.

un biscuit (a cookie)

une boîte à lunch (a lunch box)

des barres de céréales (some granola bars)

Always use an article before a noun when writing a sentence. If you are unsure about which article to use, use the Glossary.

Day 3:

learn the vocabulary related to healthy snacks.

Day 4:

The verb Manger means to eat. It is written differently, depending on who is doing the action. Look at the sentences below.

Je mange une pomme. (I eat an apple.)

Tu manges une pomme. (You eat an apple.)

Il mange une pomme. (He eats an apple.)

Elle mange une pomme. (She eats an apple.)

The verb will take an S when it is used with the personal pronoun Tu. The verb Boire means to drink. It is also written differently, depending on 

which personal pronoun it is used with. Look at the sentences below.

Je bois du lait. (I drink milk.)

Tu bois du lait. (You drink milk.)

Il boit du lait. (He drinks milk)

Elle boit du lait. (She drinks milk.)

The verb will change its s for a t with the personal pronouns Il and Elle.

*****Always look at the personal pronoun before the verb in order to use the correct form of the verb.

 Day 5:

***check `Verbes` tab to see the conjugation of the verb "manger" and "boire"

Est-ce que tu bois du jus?

(Do you drink juice?)

Tu bois du jus?

(You drink juice?)

Est-ce que Karine boit du jus?

(Does Karine drink juice?)

Tu manges des craquelins?

(You eat crackers?)

Est-ce que tu manges des craquelins?

(Do you eat crackers?)

Est-ce que Jean-François mange des craquelins?

(Does Jean-François eat crackers?)

Est-ce que tu bois du jus?

Non, je bois des boissons aux fruits.

(Do you drink juice? No, I drink fruit drinks.)

Tu bois du jus?

Oui, je bois du jus d’orange.

(You drink juice? Yes, I drink orange juice.)

Est-ce que Karine boit du jus?

Non, elle boit de l’eau et du lait.

(Does Karine drink juice? No, she drinks water and milk.)

Tu manges des craquelins?

Non, je mange des fruits et des légumes.

(You eat crackers? No, I eat fruit and vegetables.)

Est-ce que tu manges des craquelins?

Oui, je mange du fromage et des craquelins.

(Do you eat crackers? Yes, I eat cheese and crackers.)

Est-ce que Jean-François mange des craquelins?

Oui, il mange aussi des fruits et des croustilles.

(Does Jean-François eat crackers? Yes, he also eats fruit and chips.)

********When you ask a question to someone, you use the pronoun Tu. The person will answer your question using the pronoun Je because he/she is talking about himself/herself.

********When you ask a question about someone or something, you will use the pronoun Il if you are talking about a person, an animal or a thing which is masculine. You will use the pronoun Elle if you are talking about someone or something which is feminine.

Day 6:

Les produits céréaliers: 5 to12 portions

Les légumes et les fruits: 5 to 10 portions

Les produits laitiers: 2 to 4 portions

Les viandes et les substituts: 2 to 3 portions

****Listen to Track 27 for the pronunciation of each category.

Day 7:

The verb Avoir is a special verb because its spelling changes with each personal pronoun.  Look at the examples below taken from the conversation between Élise and Jean-François. Some of the examples are questions while others are affirmative sentences.

J’ai du fromage et une orange.

(I have cheese and an orange)

Est-ce que tu as une collation aujourd’hui?

(Do you have a snack today?)

Il a cinq collations.

(He has five snacks.)

Oui, elle a des crudités et du lait

(Yes, she has raw vegetables and milk.)

Did you notice how the verb changes?

j’ai

tu as

il a

elle a

When you want to express that you or the person you are talking to or the person you are talking about don’t have something, you use the negative form of the verb Avoir. Look at the sentences below taken from the conversation between Élise and Jean-François.

Je n’ai pas de collation.

(I don’t have a snack.)

Tu n’as pas de collation?!!

(You don’t have a snack?!!)

Il n’a pas de fruits.

(He doesn’t have any fruit.)

Elle n’a pas de barre granola aujourd’hui.

(She doesn’t have a granola bar today.)

The word ne or n’ always appears BEFORE the verb. The word pas always appears AFTER the verb.

Day 8:

Nous avons sept collations santé.

(We have seven healthy snacks.)

Vous avez dix collations santé?!!

(You have ten healthy snacks?!!)

Ils ont trois collations santé.

(They have three healthy snacks.)

Elles ont quatre bonnes collations.

(They have four good snacks.)

Did you notice how the verb changes?

nous avons

vous avez

ils ont

elles ont

The pronoun Nous means “we” in English. It refers to the person who is talking and other people. It can also refer to “you and I” or “they and I.” The pronoun Vous means “you” in English. It refers to the people you are talking to and does not include yourself. In most cases, it refers to more than one person. However, it is also used when you are talking to an older person or someone you don’t know as a form of politeness and respect.

Day 9:

When someone asks you a question about yourself, you reply using the pronoun Je or J’.

Est-ce que tu as une barre granola?

Oui, j’ai une barre granola.

(Do you have a granola bar? Yes, I have a granola bar.)

Sometimes, you will ask a question or be asked a question about someone or something. You will use the pronoun Il if what you are referring to is masculine singular and Ils if it is masculine plural.

Est-ce qu’il a des fruits?

Oui, il a des fruits.

(Does he have fruit? Yes, he has fruit.)

Yvan et Justin ont du jus?

Non, ils ont de la limonade.

(Yvan and Justin have juice? No, they have lemonade.)

You will use Elle or Elles if what you are talking about is feminine and singular or plural.

Est-ce que Karine a du yogourt?

Non, elle a du lait.

(Does Karine have some yogurt? No, she has milk.)

Elles ont des grignotines?

Oui, elles ont des grignotines.

(They have munchie foods? Yes, they have munchie foods.)

Sometimes, you will ask a question to someone who is part of a group of at least two people. You will use the pronoun Vous. The person will reply using the pronoun Nous because he/she is talking about himself/herself and the persons in the group.

Est-ce que vous avez des pommes?

Non, nous avons des oranges.

(Do you have apples? No, we have oranges.) You might also be asked a question when you are part of a group. You will also reply using Nous because you are talking about yourself and the people you are with.

****Always think about who is asking the question in order to know which pronoun to use in your question and keep in mind who is answering in order to know which pronoun to use in your answer.

My Home

Module 2 Section 1

My room

 

Day 1

The glossary will help you with the vocabulary

 

Day 2

The glossary will help you with the vocabulary

 

Day 3

Jean-François used the expression Il y a to describe the different items located in his room.

Examples:

Dans ma chambre, il y a un lit sous ma fenêtre.

(In my room, there is a bed under my window.)

Dans ma chambre, il y a des affiches sur le mur.

(In my room, there are posters on the wall.)

 When describing something, we can use the structure Il y a which means “There is” or “There are”.

Remember that in French, this expression never changes, whether it describes one item or more than one.

 Another way to describe something is to use the expression voici meaning “here is” or voilà meaning “there is”.

Examples:

Voici mon lit.

(Here is my bed.)

Voilà ma garde-robe.

(There is my closet.)

 

Day 4

Jean-François and Karine used possessive adjectives when they were talking about the different items in their rooms.

Mon, ma and mes refer to MY.

 The form you use depends on the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) of the noun that follows the possessive adjective.

Mon lit est bleu.

Mon is used because the noun lit is masculine and singular.

Ma table de nuit est blanche et rose.

Ma is used because the noun table de nuit is feminine and singular.

Mes rideaux sont violets.

Regardless of whether an item is masculine or feminine, mes is always used in front of the plural  form of a noun.

 Jean-François and Karine talked about the colour of different items in their rooms. When colours are used to describe something, they are adjectives. Therefore they take the masculine or feminine and singular or plural forms of the nouns they describe.

Examples:

Mon tapis est beige.

Ma porte est blanche.

Mes murs sont roses.

Mes lampes sont violettes.

 The chart below shows the different forms of common colours.

Remember that the spelling of some colours is the same whether they are masculine or feminine. Other colours have a different spelling when they are feminine. The plural forms of most colours take an “s” except for orange.

Did you notice that Jean-François and Karine used the words foncé and clair when you listened to the dialogue?

Both these words are adjectives that can be added to colours; foncé means dark and clair means light.

Examples :

Jean-François said: Ma commode est bleu foncé.

Karine said: Mes murs sont rose clair.

When adding the words foncé and clair to any colour, this set of words become invariable (ex. bleu foncé, rose clair), which means that they remain the same regardless of whether or not the noun they describe is masculine or feminine or plural.

 When we want to talk about something that belongs to someone, we use the preposition de to indicate possession.

For example, if we are talking about Jean- François’s bedroom, we say “la chambre de Jean-

François”.

 Here is the structure to follow:

definite article (le, la, les) + noun + de + name of person

 If you wanted to talk about Karine’s curtains, you would say “les rideaux de Karine”.

 In order to describe the colour of specific items belonging to someone, you can use the preposition de in a sentence along with the conjugated form of the verb être. If the item is singular, est is the correct form to use. If there is more than one item, sont is the correct form to use.

 Listen to Track 4 on the Module 3 CD. You will hear three sentences with the preposition de being used. These sentences are shown below so you can follow along as you listen.

Le tapis de Jean-François est gris.

(Jean-François’ carpet is grey.)

La commode de Jean-François est bleu foncé.

(Jean-François’ dresser is dark blue.)

Les rideaux de Karine sont violets.

(Karine’s curtains are purple.)

 

Day 5

When you want to indicate that you like something, you

use J’aime

J’aime ma commode bleu foncé.

(I like my dark blue dresser.)

 When you want to indicate that you don’t like something,

you use Je n’aime pas…

Je n’aime pas mon lit.

(I don’t like my bed.)

 At times in their conversation, Miguel, Karine and Jean-François used adjectives to describe various items in their rooms.

Examples:

Miguel said: “J’aime bien mon grand lit.”

Karine said: “J’aime ma jolie lampe violette.”

 Grand is the adjective that describes the size of Miguel’s bed.

 In this case, jolie is the adjective that describes the appearance of Karine’s lamp.

 In French, adjectives agree with the nouns. This means that they become masculine or feminine and singular or plural depending on the gender and the number of the noun they qualify.

As a rule, we add an “e” to make the adjective feminine and an “s” to make it plural. However, there are exceptions to this rule.

 The masculine adjective beau doesn’t follow a regular pattern since its spelling changes to belle when it becomes feminine.

 There are many more adjectives to choose from other than the ones listed in the chart above. Consult the Glossary or a dictionary. This will help you find the definition of new adjectives as well as their correct spelling.

 

Day 6

Jean-François and his mother used the words dans, derrière, devant, sur and sous to describe where certain items in Jean-François’ room were located. These words are called prepositions of place. They are used to describe the location of something in relation to something else.

 Use the chart below to help you remember the meaning of the different prepositions.

 

 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Examples:

Les papiers sont dans la poubelle.

Les vêtements sont derrière la porte.

La boîte à lunch est devant la garde-robe.

Les vêtements sont sous le lit.

Les livres sont sur le bureau.

Notice that the verb être is used. The form est is used when the subject is singular and the form sont is used when the subject is plural.

 

Day 7

You just heard the expressions “à côté de” (beside), “à droite de” (on the right), “à gauche de” (on the left) and “en face de” (across from) to explain where specific items are located. These are called prepositional phrases and are used to describe where one item is located in relation to another.

If you want to tell someone where his chair is located, you say:

Sa chaise est devant son bureau.

(His chair is in front of his desk)

If you want to describe where his dresser is, you say:

Sa commode est à droite de son lit.

(His dresser is on the right of his bed).

 When we want to describe something that belongs to someone we use the words son, sa and ses. These are possessive adjectives.

Son lit est sous sa fenêtre.

(His bed is under his window).

 Sa table de nuit est à gauche de son lit.

(His night table is on the left of his bed).

Ses affiches sont sur le mur.

(His posters are on the wall.)

 Always look at the noun AFTER the possessive adjective to determine if you will use son, sa or ses.

Here is a chart to help you remember:

 

Day 8

Karine and Miguel both used the expressions Il y a and Il n’y a pas during their conversation.

We use the expression Il y a when we want to indicate the presence of something.

Example:

Il y a des rideaux violets.

(There are purple curtains.)

 However, when we want to indicate the absence of something, we use the expression Il n’y a pas, which means There is no/There are no.

Example:

Il n’y a pas de stores dans ta chambre.

(There are no blinds in your room.)

 The expression Il y a is always followed by an indefinite article, either un, une or des depending on the gender and number of the item.

Example:

Il y a un livre sous la chaise.

(There is a book under the chair.)

Il y a des photos sur l’étagère.

(There are pictures on the bookshelf.)

 When using the expression Il n’y a pas, the word de is used in place of the indefinite article regardless of whether an item is masculine, feminine or plural.

Example:

Il n’y a pas de livre sous la chaise.

(There is no book under the chair.)

Il n’y a pas de photos sur l’étagère.

(There are no pictures on the bookcase.)

If the item starts with a vowel when using the expression Il n’y a pas, the de changes to d’.

 Example:

Il n’y a pas d’affiches sur le mur.

(There are no posters on the wall.)

 

Day 9

Karine wanted to know where specific items in Jean-François’ room were located. She used two different question formats.

 Où est le bureau?

(Where is the desk?)

 Où se trouve ton réveil?

(Where is your alarm clock?)

 Où sont les photos de ta famille?

(Where are the pictures of your family?)

 Où se trouvent tes affiches?

(Where are your posters?)

 Où est and Où se trouve are used when what you are looking for is singular. Où sont and Où se trouvent are used when what you are looking for is plural.

 

 

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