Second Semester Review Guide



Cibola sophomore Bernie Montoya won the two-mile state title run on Wednesday at Mesa Community College in the AIA Division I state meet.2nd Semester Review Guide

 Nervous System:

1.    Know the diagram of a neurona.     Dendrites, Soma, Myelin Sheath, Axon, Nodes of Ranvier

2.    Know the common function of the 12 cranial nerves

3.    Know the different parts of the brain and their functiona.     Cerebrum, Cerebellum, Pons, Medulla, Gyri, Sulci, Medulla Oblongata

4.    Other terms to know:  Sodium ions, Synaptic cleft, CNS, PNS, Neurotransmitters  

The Eye:

1.    Diagram à  Know the different parts of the eye

2.    Terms to know à  Cornea, Iris, Lens, Pupil, Aqueous and Vitreous Humor, Sclera, Choroid Layer, Retina, Rods, Cones, Optic Nerve, Cataracts, Emmetropia, Glaucoma, Astigmatism 

Endocrine System:

1.    Terms to know: Endocrine Gland, Exocrine gland, hormone, tropic hormone, positive feedback, negative feedback, hypersecretion, hyposecretion, prostaglandin, goiter

2.    Know the glands of the endocrine system and the major hormones they produce.

3.    Know the functions of hormones in the body. 

Blood and Heart & Circulatory System

1.    Terms to know:  Leukocytes, Erythrocytes, Thrombocytes, Pernicious Anemia, Iron Anemia, Polycythemia, Sickle Cell Anemia, Thrombus, Embolus, Antigen, Antibody, Rh factor, Blood types (A, B AB, O)

2.    Diagram à  The heart and its parts

3.    More terms to know:  Veins, Arteries, Artioles, Venules, Capillaries, Pulmonary Circulation, Systemic Circulation, EKG, Sphygmomanometer, Myocardial Infarction, Angina Pectoris, Stroke (CVA), Hemorrage 

Respiratory System:

1.    Diagram à  Know the parts of the respiratory systema.     Nasal Cavity, Pharynx, Larynx, Epiglottis, Trachea, Primary Bronchi, Bronchioles, Alveoli, Diaphragm

2.    Terms to know à  Apnea, Emphysema, Bronchitis, Asthma, COPD, Tuberculosis, Lung cancer

3.    Know the function of cilia and mucous in the respiratory system.

4.    Know why cartilage rings are found in the trachea. 

Digestive System:

1.    Diagram à  Know the major structures of the digestive system.a.     Oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, large intestines, pancreas, gall bladder and liver

2.    Know the functions of each of the structures above

3.    Terms to know à  Mastication, Defecation, Uvula, Epiglottis, Constipation, Diarrhea, Peristalsis, Incisors, Canines (Cuspids), Premolars (bicuspids), Molars (tricuspids), Chyme, Sodium bicarbonate, bile