Unit 8 Respiratory System -- Review Guide

Review:  Respiration 

1.              Put in Order:  Nostrils, Nasal Cavity, Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, Laryngopharynx, Epigolttis, Larynx, Trachea, Primary Bronchi, Secondary Bronchi, Bronchioles, Alveoli

2.              Three ways air is prepared for the lungs.

3.              Function of the respiration system

4.              Where is gas exchanged in the lungs (between what two parts?)

5.              What filters the air in the Respiratory system?

6.              What are the conchae and where are they located?

7.              Know the four paranasal sinuses?  What is it called when they become infected?

8.              Examples of upper and lower respiratory infections.

9.              Know the functions of each term from #1

10.          Labeling à  Know chest diagram for labeling – Upper and Lower Respiratory Organs

11.          Terms to know:  Visceral Pleura, Parietal Pleura, Inspiration, Expiration, Pulmonary Ventilation, Diaphragm, Phrenic Nerve, Chemoreceptors, Stretch receptors, Spirometer

12.          How oxygen is carried by blood; How carbon dioxide is carried by the blood.

13.          Name of the process that allows gases to be exchanged

14.          Muscles involved for inhaling and exhaling

15.          Part of brain that is determined to be the respiratory center

16.          Types of Breathing:  Eupnea, Hyperventilation, Hypoventilation, Dyspnea, Apnea, Respiratory Arrest

17.          Respiratory Diseases/Problems:  Emphysema, Bronchitis, Apnea, Dyspnea, Asthma, COPD, Eupnea, Hypoxia, Tuberculosis (TB).  {Should know causes and treatments for the ones we talked about}